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AUDIORECORD(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual AUDIORECORD(1)
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audiorecord -- record audio files
audiorecord [-afhqV] [-B buffersize] [-b balance] [-c channels]
[-d device] [-e encoding] [-F format] [-i info] [-m monvol]
[-P precision] [-p port] [-s rate] [-t time] [-v volume] file
The audiorecord program copies the audio device to the named audiofile
or, if the file name is -, to the standard output.
The output file will contain either a Sun/NeXT audio header, a RIFF/WAVE
audio header or no header at all. Sun output files using a linear PCM
encoding are written with big-endian signed samples, possibly after con-
verting these from little-endian or unsigned samples. RIFF/WAVE files
are written in little-endian, signed samples, also converting if neces-
sary. The default output is Sun/NeXT format, but if the output file file
ends with a .wav file extension it will be written as RIFF/WAVE.
The following options are available:
-a Append to the specified file, rather than overwriting.
-B buffersize Set the audio device read buffer size to buffersize. The
default value is the record.buffer_size of the audio
-b balance Set the balance to balance. This value must be between 0
-c channels Set number of channels to channels.
-d device Set the audio device to be device. The default is
-e encoding Set encoding to either ``alaw'', ``ulaw'', or ``linear'',
or any other value reported by audioctl encodings. The
default encoding is ``ulaw''. If the output format is
``sun'', the file will contain slinear_be samples, if it
is ``wav'', then slinear_le, independent of the argument
to -e. Setting the argument to -e still may be important
since it is used in an ioctl(2) call to the kernel to
choose the kind of data provided.
-F format Set the output header format to format. Currently sup-
ported formats are ``sun'', ``wav'', and ``none'' for
Sun/NeXT audio, WAV, and no header, respectively.
-f Force. Normally when appending to audiofiles using the -a
option, the sample rates must match. The -f option will
allow a discrepancy to be ignored.
-h Print a help message.
-i info If supported by the -F format, add the string info to the
-m monvol Set the monitor volume.
-P precision Set the precision. This value is the number of bits per
sample, and is normally either ``8'' or ``16'', though the
values ``4'', ``24'', and ``32'' are also valid.
-p port Set the input port to port. The valid values of port are
``cd'', ``internal-cd'', ``mic'', and ``line''.
-q Be quiet.
-s rate Set the sampling rate. This value is per-second. Typical
values are 8000, 44100, and 48000, which are the tele-
phone, CD Audio, and DAT Audio default sampling rates.
-t time Sets the maximum amount of time to record. Format is
-V Be verbose.
-v volume Set the volume (gain) to volume. This value must be
between 0 and 255.
AUDIOCTLDEVICE the audio control device to be used.
AUDIODEVICE the audio device to be used.
Record CD quality audio to a WAVE file:
audiorecord -c 2 -e slinear_le -P 16 -s 44100 recording.wav
audioctl(1), audioplay(1), aria(4), audio(4), auich(4), autri(4),
auvia(4), clcs(4), clct(4), cmpci(4), eap(4), emuxki(4), esm(4), eso(4),
ess(4), fms(4), gus(4), guspnp(4), neo(4), sb(4), sparc/audioamd(4),
sv(4), wss(4), yds(4), ym(4)
The audiorecord program was first seen in SunOS 5. It was first made
available in NetBSD 1.4. RIFF/WAVE support, and support for converting
signed/unsigned and big/little-endian samples was first made available in
The audiorecord program was written by Matthew R. Green
WAV big-endian samples are converted to little-endian, rather than a RIFX
header being written.
NetBSD 10.99 March 25, 2021 NetBSD 10.99