wsdisplay(4) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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WSDISPLAY(4)            NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual           WSDISPLAY(4)

wsdisplay -- generic display device support in wscons
wsdisplay* at ega? console ? (EGA display on ISA) wsdisplay* at vga? console ? (VGA display on ISA or PCI) wsdisplay* at pcdisplay? console ? (generic PC (ISA) display) wsdisplay* at tga? console ? (DEC TGA display, alpha only) wsdisplay* at pfb? console ? (PCI framebuffer, bebox only) wsdisplay0 at ofb? console ? (Open Firmware framebuffer, macppc only) wsdisplay* at nextdisplay? console ? (NeXT display) wsdisplay0 at smg0 (VAXstation small monochrome display) wsdisplay* at ... kbdmux N options WSDISPLAY_BORDER_COLOR=WSCOL_XXX options WSDISPLAY_CUSTOM_BORDER options WSDISPLAY_CUSTOM_OUTPUT options WSDISPLAY_DEFAULTSCREENS=N options WSDISPLAY_SCROLLSUPPORT
The wsdisplay driver is an abstraction layer for display devices within the wscons(4) framework. It attaches to the hardware specific display device driver and makes it available as a text terminal or graphics interface. A display device can have the ability to display characters on it (with- out the help of an X server), either directly by hardware or through software putting pixel data into the display memory. Such displays are called ``emulating'', the wsdisplay driver will connect a terminal emula- tion module and provide a tty-like software interface. In contrary, non- emulating displays can only be used by special programs like X servers. The console locator in the configuration line refers to the device's use as the output part of the operating system console. A device specifica- tion containing a positive value here will only match if the device is in use as the system console. (The console device selection in early system startup is not influenced.) This way, the console device can be con- nected to a known wsdisplay device instance. (Naturally, only ``emulating'' display devices are usable as console.) The kbdmux locator in the configuration line refers to the wsmux(4) that will be used to get keyboard events. If this locator is -1 no mux will be used. The logical unit of an independent contents displayed on a display (some- times referred to as ``virtual terminal'') is called a ``screen'' here. If the underlying device driver supports it, multiple screens can be used on one display. (As of this writing, only the vga(4) and the VAX ``smg'' display drivers provide this ability.) Screens have different minor device numbers and separate tty instances. One screen possesses the ``focus'', this means it is visible and its tty device will get the key- board input. (In some cases - if no screen is set up or if a screen was just deleted - it is possible that no focus is present at all.) The focus can be switched by either special keyboard input (typically <Ctrl><Alt><Fn>, <Stop><Fn> on Sun hardware, <Command><Fn> on ADB key- boards) or an ioctl command issued by a user program. Screens are cre- ated and deleted through the /dev/ttyEcfg control device (preferably using the wsconscfg(8) utility). Alternatively, the compile-time option WSDISPLAY_DEFAULTSCREENS=n will also create (at autoconfiguration time) n initial screens of the display driver's default type with the system's default terminal emulator. Kernel options The following kernel options are available to configure the behavior of the wsdisplay driver: options WSDISPLAY_BORDER_COLOR=WSCOL_XXX Sets the border color at boot time. Possible values are defined in src/sys/dev/wscons/wsdisplayvar.h. Defaults to WSCOL_BLACK. options WSDISPLAY_CUSTOM_BORDER Enables the WSDISPLAYIO_GBORDER and WSDISPLAYIO_SBORDER ioctls, which allow the customization of the border color from userland (after boot). See wsconsctl(8). options WSDISPLAY_CUSTOM_OUTPUT Enables the WSDISPLAYIO_GMSGATTRS and WSDISPLAYIO_SMSGATTRS ioctls, which allow the customization of the console output and kernel messages from userland (after boot). See wsconsctl(8). options WSDISPLAY_DEFAULTSCREENS=N Sets the number of virtual screens to allocate at boot time. Useful for small root filesystems where the wsconscfg(8) util- ity is not wanted. options WSDISPLAY_SCROLLSUPPORT Enables scrolling support. The key combinations are <Left Shift><Page Up> and <Left Shift><Page Down> by default. Please note that this function may not work under the system console and is available depending on the framebuffer you are using. Ioctls The following ioctl(2) calls are provided by the wsdisplay driver or by devices which use it. Their definitions are found in <dev/wscons/wsconsio.h>. WSDISPLAYIO_GTYPE (int) Retrieve the type of the display. The list of types is in <dev/wscons/wsconsio.h>. WSDISPLAYIO_GET_FBINFO (struct wsdisplayio_fbinfo) Retrieve extended information about a framebuffer display, including the framebuffer's pixel packing layout. The returned structure is as follows: struct wsdisplayio_fbinfo { uint64_t fbi_fbsize; uint64_t fbi_fboffset; uint32_t fbi_width; uint32_t fbi_height; uint32_t fbi_stride; uint32_t fbi_bitsperpixel; uint32_t fbi_pixeltype; union _fbi_subtype { struct _fbi_rgbmasks { uint32_t red_offset; uint32_t red_size; uint32_t green_offset; uint32_t green_size; uint32_t blue_offset; uint32_t blue_size; uint32_t alpha_offset; uint32_t alpha_size; } fbi_rgbmasks; struct _fbi_cmapinfo { uint32_t cmap_entries; } fbi_cmapinfo; } fbi_subtype; uint32_t fbi_flags; }; For a "true colour" display, the fbi_pixeltype field con- tains WSFB_RGB and the fbi_rgbmasks field contains the pixel packing layout. For a colour indexed display, the fbi_pixeltype field contains WSFB_CI and the fbi_cmapinfo field contains the number of color map entries. WSDISPLAYIO_GINFO (struct wsdisplay_fbinfo) Retrieve basic information about a framebuffer display. The returned structure is as follows: struct wsdisplay_fbinfo { u_int height; u_int width; u_int depth; u_int cmsize; }; The height and width members are counted in pixels. The depth member indicates the number of bits per pixel, and cmsize indicates the number of color map entries accessible through WSDISPLAYIO_GETCMAP and WSDISPLAYIO_PUTCMAP. This call is likely to be unavailable on text-only displays. WSDISPLAYIO_GETCMAP (struct wsdisplay_cmap) Retrieve the current color map from the display. This call needs the following structure set up beforehand: struct wsdisplay_cmap { u_int index; u_int count; u_char *red; u_char *green; u_char *blue; }; The index and count members specify the range of color map entries to retrieve. The red, green, and blue members should each point to an array of count u_chars. On return, these will be filled in with the appropriate entries from the color map. On all displays that support this call, values range from 0 for minimum intensity to 255 for maxi- mum intensity, even if the display does not use eight bits internally to represent intensity. WSDISPLAYIO_PUTCMAP (struct wsdisplay_cmap) Change the display's color map. The argument structure is the same as for WSDISPLAYIO_GETCMAP, but red, green, and blue are taken as pointers to the values to use to set the color map. This call is not available on displays with fixed color maps. WSDISPLAYIO_GVIDEO (int) Get the current state of the display's video output. Pos- sible values are: WSDISPLAYIO_VIDEO_OFF The display is blanked. WSDISPLAYIO_VIDEO_ON The display is enabled. WSDISPLAYIO_SVIDEO (int) Set the state of the display's video output. See WSDISPLAYIO_GVIDEO above for possible values. WSDISPLAYIO_GCURPOS (struct wsdisplay_curpos) Retrieve the current position of the hardware cursor. The returned structure is as follows: struct wsdisplay_curpos { u_int x, y; }; The x and y members count the number of pixels right and down, respectively, from the top-left corner of the display to the hot spot of the cursor. This call is not available on displays without a hardware cursor. WSDISPLAYOP_SCURPOS (struct wsdisplay_curpos) Set the current cursor position. The argument structure, and its semantics, are the same as for WSDISPLAYIO_GCURPOS. This call is not available on displays without a hardware cursor. WSDISPLAYIO_GCURMAX (struct wsdisplay_curpos) Retrieve the maximum size of cursor supported by the dis- play. The x and y members of the returned structure indi- cate the maximum number of pixel rows and columns, respec- tively, in a hardware cursor on this display. This call is not available on displays without a hardware cursor. WSDISPLAYIO_GCURSOR (struct wsdisplay_cursor) Retrieve some or all of the hardware cursor's attributes. The argument structure is as follows: struct wsdisplay_cursor { u_int which; u_int enable; struct wsdisplay_curpos pos; struct wsdisplay_curpos hot; struct wsdisplay_cmap cmap; struct wsdisplay_curpos size; u_char *image; u_char *mask; }; The which member indicates which of the values the applica- tion requires to be returned. It should contain the logi- cal OR of the following flags: WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOCUR Get enable, which indicates whether the cur- sor is currently displayed (non-zero) or not (zero). WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOPOS Get pos, which indicates the current position of the cursor on the display, as would be returned by WSDISPLAYIO_GCURPOS. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOHOT Get hot, which indicates the location of the ``hot spot'' within the cursor. This is the point on the cursor whose position on the display is treated as being the position of the cursor by other calls. Its location is counted in pixels from the top-right corner of the cursor. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOCMAP Get cmap, which indicates the current cursor color map. Unlike in a call to WSDISPLAYIO_GETCMAP, cmap here need not have its index and count members initialized. They will be set to 0 and 2 respectively by the call. This means that,, and must each point to at least enough space to hold two u_chars. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOSHAPE Get size, image, and mask. These are, respectively, the dimensions of the cursor in pixels, the bitmap of set pixels in the cur- sor and the bitmap of opaque pixels in the cursor. The format in which these bitmaps are returned, and hence the amount of space that must be provided by the application, are device-dependent. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOALL Get all of the above. The device may elect to return information that was not requested by the user, so those elements of struct wsdisplay_cursor which are pointers should be initialized to NULL if not otherwise used. This call is not available on displays without a hardware cursor. WSDISPLAYIO_SCURSOR (struct wsdisplay_cursor) Set some or all of the hardware cursor's attributes. The argument structure is the same as for WSDISPLAYIO_GCURSOR. The which member specifies which attributes of the cursor are to be changed. It should contain the logical OR of the following flags: WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOCUR If enable is zero, hide the cursor. Other- wise, display it. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOPOS Set the cursor's position on the display to pos, the same as WSDISPLAYIO_SCURPOS. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOHOT Set the ``hot spot'' of the cursor, as defined above, to hot. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOCMAP Set some or all of the cursor color map based on cmap. The index and count elements of cmap indicate which color map entries to set, and the entries themselves come from,, and WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOSHAPE Set the cursor shape from size, image, and mask. See above for their meanings. WSDISPLAY_CURSOR_DOALL Do all of the above. This call is not available on displays without a hardware cursor. WSDISPLAYIO_GMODE (u_int) Get the current mode of the display. Possible results include: WSDISPLAYIO_MODE_EMUL The display is in emulating (text) mode. WSDISPLAYIO_MODE_MAPPED The display is in mapped (graphics) mode. WSDISPLAYIO_MODE_DUMBFB The display is in mapped (frame buffer) mode. WSDISPLAYIO_SMODE (u_int) Set the current mode of the display. For possible argu- ments, see WSDISPLAYIO_GMODE. WSDISPLAYIO_LINEBYTES (u_int) Get the number of bytes per row, which may be the same as the number of pixels. WSDISPLAYIO_GMSGATTRS (struct wsdisplay_msgattrs) Get the attributes (colors and flags) used to print console messages, including separate fields for default output and kernel output. The returned structure is as follows: struct wsdisplay_msgattrs { int default_attrs, default_bg, default_fg; int kernel_attrs, kernel_bg, kernel_fg; }; The default_attrs and kernel_attrs variables are a combina- tion of WSATTR_* bits, and specify the attributes used to draw messages. The default_bg, default_fg, kernel_bg and kernel_fg variables specify the colors used to print mes- sages, being `_bg' for the background and `_fg' for the foreground; their values are one of all the WSCOL_* macros available. WSDISPLAYIO_SMSGATTRS (struct wsdisplay_msgattrs) Set the attributes (colors and flags) used to print console messages, including separate fields for default output and kernel output. The argument structure is the same as for WSDISPLAYIO_GMSGATTRS. WSDISPLAYIO_GBORDER (u_int) Retrieve the color of the screen border. This number cor- responds to an ANSI standard color. WSDISPLAYIO_SBORDER (u_int) Set the color of the screen border, if applicable. This number corresponds to an ANSI standard color. Not all drivers support this feature. WSDISPLAYIO_GETWSCHAR (struct wsdisplay_char) Gets a single character from the screen, specified by its position. The structure used is as follows: struct wsdisplay_char { int row, col; uint16_t letter; uint8_t background, foreground; char flags; }; The row and col parameters are used as input; the rest of the structure is filled by the ioctl and is returned to you. letter is the ASCII code of the letter found at the specified position, background and foreground are its col- ors and flags is a combination of WSDISPLAY_CHAR_BRIGHT and/or WSDISPLAY_CHAR_BLINK. WSDISPLAYIO_PUTWSCHAR (struct wsdisplay_char) Puts a character on the screen. The structure has the same meaning as described in WSDISPLAY_GETWSCHAR, although all of its fields are treated as input. WSDISPLAYIO_SSPLASH (u_int) Toggle the splash screen. This call is only available with the SPLASHSCREEN kernel option. WSDISPLAYIO_GET_EDID (struct wsdisplayio_edid_info) Retrieve EDID data from a driver. struct wsdisplayio_edid_info { uint32_t buffer_size; uint32_t data_size; void *edid_data; }; The caller is responsible for allocating a buffer of at least 128 bytes (the minimum size of an EDID block) and set data_size to its size. If the EDID block is bigger the call will fail with EAGAIN and the driver will set data_size to the required buffer size. Otherwise the EDID block will be written into the buffer pointed at by edid_data and data_size will be set to the number of bytes written. WSDISPLAYIO_SETVERSION (int) Set the wscons_event protocol version. The default is 0 for binary compatibility. The latest version is always available as WSDISPLAYIO_EVENT_VERSION, and is currently 1. All new code should use a call similar to the below to ensure the correct version is returned. int ver = WSDISPLAYIO_EVENT_VERSION; if (ioctl(fd, WSDISPLAYIO_SETVERSION, &ver) == -1) err(EXIT_FAILURE, "cannot set version");
/dev/ttyE* Terminal devices (per screen). /dev/ttyEcfg Control device. /dev/ttyEstat Status device. /usr/include/dev/wscons/wsconsio.h
ioctl(2), pcdisplay(4), tty(4), vga(4), wscons(4), wsconscfg(8), wsconsctl(8), wsfontload(8), wsdisplay(9)
The wsdisplay code currently limits the number of screens on one display to 8. The terms ``wscons'' and ``wsdisplay'' are not cleanly distinguished in the code and in manual pages. ``non-emulating'' display devices are not tested. NetBSD 10.99 May 16, 2020 NetBSD 10.99
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