MAKEDEV(8) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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MAKEDEV(8)              NetBSD System Manager's Manual              MAKEDEV(8)


NAME
MAKEDEV -- create system and device special files
SYNOPSIS
MAKEDEV [-fs] [-m mknod] special [...] MAKEDEV [-fs] [-m mknod] device [...]
DESCRIPTION
MAKEDEV is used to create system and device special files. As arguments it takes the names of known devices, like sd0, or of special targets, like all or std, which create a collection of device special files. The script is in /dev/MAKEDEV and must be called from the /dev directory. For the creation of the devices, mknod(8) is used, which can only be used for creating devices by the super-user. The mknod(8) used can be over- ridden by the -m flag. Supported options are: -f Force permissions to be updated on existing devices. -m mknod Name of mknod(8) program. [Usually, $TOOL_MKNOD or mknod.] -s Generate mtree(8) specfile instead of creating devices. The special targets supported on NetBSD are: all Makes all known devices, including local devices. Tries to make the 'standard' number of each type. init A set of devices that is used for MFS /dev by init. May be equal to ``all''. floppy Devices to be put on install floppies ramdisk Devices to be put into INSTALL kernel ramdisks. std Standard devices local Configuration specific devices wscons Make wscons devices usbs Make USB devices isdns Make ISDN devices Please note that any hash marks (``#'') in the following list of sup- ported device targets must be replaced by digits when calling MAKEDEV: Tapes: st# SCSI tapes, see st(4) wt# QIC-interfaced (e.g. not SCSI) 3M cartridge tape, see wt(4) ht# MASSBUS TM03 and TU??, see vax/ht(4) mt# MSCP tapes (e.g. TU81, TK50), see vax/mt(4) tm# UNIBUS TM11 and TE10 emulations (e.g. Emulex TC-11), see vax/tm(4) ts# UNIBUS TS11, see vax/ts(4) ut# UNIBUS TU45 emulations (e.g. si 9700), see vax/ut(4) uu# TU58 cassettes on DL11 controller, see vax/uu(4) Disks: ccd# Concatenated disk devices, see ccd(4) cd# SCSI or ATAPI CD-ROM, see cd(4) cgd# Cryptographic disk devices, see cgd(4) raid# RAIDframe disk devices, see raid(4) sd# SCSI disks, see sd(4) wd# ``winchester'' disk drives (ST506,IDE,ESDI,RLL,...), see wd(4) bmd# Nereid bank memory disks, see x68k/bmd(4) ed# IBM PS/2 ESDI disk devices, see edc(4) fd# ``floppy'' disk drives (3 1/2", 5 1/4"), see amiga/fdc(4), i386/fdc(4) fss# Files system snapshot devices, see fss(4) gdrom# Dreamcast ``gigadisc'' CD-ROM drive, see dreamcast/gdrom(4) hk# UNIBUS RK06 and RK07, see vax/hk(4) hp# MASSBUS RM??, see vax/hp(4) ld# Logical disk devices (e.g., hardware RAID), see ld(4) mcd# Mitsumi CD-ROM, see mcd(4) md# Memory pseudo-disk devices, see md(4) ofdisk# OpenFirmware disk devices ra# MSCP disks (RA??, RD??) rb# 730 IDC w/ RB80 and/or RB02 rd# HDC9224 RD disks on VS2000, see hp300/rd(4) rl# UNIBUS RL02, see vax/rl(4) rx# MSCP floppy disk (RX33/50/...) up# Other UNIBUS devices (e.g. on Emulex SC-21V controller), see vax/up(4) vnd# ``file'' pseudo-disks, see vnd(4) xbd# Xen virtual disks xd# Xylogic 753/7053 disks, see sparc/xd(4) xy# Xylogic 450/451 disks, see sparc/xy(4) Pointing devices: wsmouse# wscons mouse events, see wsmouse(4) lms# Logitech bus mouse, see i386/lms(4) mms# Microsoft bus mouse, see dreamcast/mms(4), i386/mms(4) qms# ``quadrature mouse'', see acorn32/qms(4) pms# PS/2 mouse mouse Mouse (provides events, for X11) Keyboard devices: wskbd# wscons keyboard events, see wskbd(4) kbd Raw keyboard (provides events, for X11), see sparc/kbd(4), sun2/kbd(4), sun3/kbd(4) kbdctl Keyboard control Terminals/Console ports: tty[01]# Standard serial ports, see tty(4) tty0# SB1250 (``sbscn'') serial ports (sbmips), see tty(4) ttyE# wscons - Workstation console (``wscons'') glass-tty emu- lators ttyCZ? Cyclades-Z multiport serial boards. Each ``unit'' makes 64 ports., see cz(4) ttyCY? Cyclom-Y multiport serial boards. Each ``unit'' makes 32 ports., see cy(4) ttye# ITE bitmapped consoles, see amiga/ite(4), hp300/ite(4) ttyv0 pccons ttyC? NS16550 (``com'') serial ports ttyS# SA1110 serial port (hpcarm) ttyTX? TX39 internal serial ports (hpcmips) ttyB? DEC 3000 ZS8530 (``scc'') serial ports (alpha), see scc(4) ttyA# Mfc serial ports (amiga) ttyB# Msc serial ports (amiga) ttyC# Com style serial ports (DraCo, HyperCom) (amiga) On the DraCo, units 0 and 1 are the built-in ``modem'' and ``mouse'' ports, if configured. ttyA0 8530 Channel A (formerly ser02) (atari) ttyA1 8530 Channel B (formerly mdm02) (atari) ttyB0 UART on first 68901 (formerly mdm01) (atari) ixpcom IXP12x0 COM ports epcom EP93xx COM ports ttyM? HP200/300 4 port serial mux interface (hp300) ttya ``ttya'' system console (luna68k) ttyb Second system serial port (luna68k) tty# Onboard serial ports (mvme68k) On the mvme147 these are: ttyZ1, ttyZ2 and ttyZ3. On the mvme167, and '177: ttyC1, ttyC2 and ttyC3. Note that tty[CZ]0 is grabbed by the console device so is not created by default, see tty(4) dc# PMAX 4 channel serial interface (kbd, mouse, modem, printer) scc# 82530 serial interface (pmax), see scc(4) ttyZ# Zilog 8530 (``zstty'') serial ports, see zstty(4) tty[abcd] Built-in serial ports (sparc) tty# Z88530 serial controllers (sparc64), see tty(4) ttyh# SAB82532 serial controllers (sparc64), see sparc64/sab(4) tty[a-j] Built-in serial ports (sun2, sun3) ttyC? pccons (arc) dz# UNIBUS DZ11 and DZ32 (vax), see vax/dz(4) dh# UNIBUS DH11 and emulations (e.g. Able DMAX, Emulex CS-11) (vax), see vax/dh(4) dmf# UNIBUS DMF32 (vax), see vax/dmf(4) dhu# UNIBUS DHU11 (vax), see vax/dhu(4) dmz# UNIBUS DMZ32 (vax), see vax/dmz(4) dl# UNIBUS DL11 (vax), see vax/dl(4) xencons Xen virtual console Terminal multiplexors: dc# 4 channel serial interface (keyboard, mouse, modem, printer) dh# UNIBUS DH11 and emulations (e.g. Able DMAX, Emulex CS-11), see vax/dh(4) dhu# UNIBUS DHU11, see vax/dhu(4) dl# UNIBUS DL11, see vax/dl(4) dmf# UNIBUS DMF32, see vax/dmf(4) dmz# UNIBUS DMZ32, see vax/dmz(4) dz# UNIBUS DZ11 and DZ32, see vax/dz(4) scc# 82530 serial interface, see scc(4) Call units: dn# UNIBUS DN11 and emulations (e.g. Able Quadracall), see vax/dn(4) Pseudo terminals: ptm Pty multiplexor device., see ptm(4) pty# Set of 16 master and slave pseudo terminals, see pty(4) opty First 16 ptys, to save inodes on install media ipty First 2 ptys, for install media use only Printers: arcpp# Archimedes parallel port lpt# Stock lp, see lpt(4), acorn32/lpt(4), i386/lpt(4), mvme68k/lpt(4), pc532/lpt(4) lpa# Interruptless lp par# Amiga motherboard parallel port USB devices: usb# USB control devices, see usb(4) uhid# USB generic HID devices, see uhid(4) ulpt# USB printer devices, see ulpt(4) ugen# USB generic devices, see ugen(4) urio# USB Diamond Rio 500 devices, see urio(4) uscanner# USB scanners, see uscanner(4) ttyU# USB modems, see ucom(4) ttyY# USB serial adapters ISDN devices: isdn Communication between userland isdnd and kernel, see isdn(4) isdnctl Control device, see isdnctl(4) isdnbchan# Raw b-channel access, see isdnbchan(4) isdntel# Telephony device, see isdntel(4) isdnteld# Telephony dialout device isdntrc# Trace device, see isdntrc(4) Video devices: bwtwo# Monochromatic frame buffer, see sparc/bwtwo(4), sun2/bwtwo(4), sun3/bwtwo(4) cgtwo# 8-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/cgtwo(4), sun3/cgtwo(4) cgthree# 8-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/cgthree(4) cgfour# 8-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/cgfour(4), sun3/cgfour(4) cgsix# Accelerated 8-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/cgsix(4) cgeight# 24-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/cgeight(4) etvme Tseng et-compatible cards on VME (atari) ik# UNIBUS interface to Ikonas frame buffer, see vax/ik(4) leo Circad Leonardo VME-bus true color (atari) ps# UNIBUS interface to Picture System 2, see vax/ps(4) qv# QVSS (MicroVAX) display tcx# Accelerated 8/24-bit color frame buffer, see sparc/tcx(4) Maple bus devices: maple Maple bus control devices, see dreamcast/maple(4) mlcd# Maple bus LCD devices, see dreamcast/mlcd(4) mmem# Maple bus storage devices, see dreamcast/mmem(4) IEEE1394 bus devices: fw# IEEE1394 bus generic node access devices fwmem# IEEE1394 bus physical memory of the remote node access devices Special purpose devices: ad# UNIBUS interface to Data Translation A/D converter, see vax/ad(4) agp# AGP GART devices, see agp(4) altq ALTQ control interface amr# AMI MegaRaid control device, see amr(4) apm Power management device, see i386/apm(4) audio# Audio devices, see audio(4) bell# OPM bell device (x68k) bktr Brooktree 848/849/878/879 based TV cards, see bktr(4) bpf Packet filter, see bpf(4) bthub Bluetooth Device Hub control interface, see bthub(4) cfs# Coda file system device ch# SCSI media changer, see ch(4) cir# Consumer IR, see cir(4) clockctl Clock control for non root users, see clockctl(4) crypto Hardware crypto access driver, see crypto(4) dmoverio Hardware-assisted data movers, see dmoverio(4) dpt# DPT/Adaptec EATA RAID management interface, see dpt(4) dpti# DPT/Adaptec I2O RAID management interface, see dpti(4) fb# PMAX generic framebuffer pseudo-device fd File descriptors grf# Graphics frame buffer device, see amiga/grf(4), hp300/grf(4) hil HP300 HIL input devices, see hp300/hil(4) icp ICP-Vortex/Intel RAID control interface, see icp(4) iic# IIC bus device iop# I2O IOP control interface, see iop(4) ipl IP Filter irframe# IrDA physical frame, see irframe(4) ite# Terminal emulator interface to HP300 graphics devices, see amiga/ite(4), hp300/ite(4) joy# Joystick device, see joy(4) kttcp Kernel ttcp helper device, see kttcp(4) lkm Loadable kernel modules interface, see lkm(4) lockstat Kernel locking statistics magma# Magma multiport serial/parallel cards, see sparc/magma(4) midi# MIDI, see midi(4) mlx# Mylex DAC960 control interface, see mlx(4) mly# Mylex AcceleRAID/eXtremeRAID control interface, see mly(4) np# UNIBUS Ethernet co-processor interface, for downloading., see vax/np(4) nsmb# SMB requester, see nsmb(4) openfirm OpenFirmware accessor pci# PCI bus access devices, see pci(4) pf PF packet filter pow# Power management device (x68k), see x68k/pow(4) puffs Pass-to-Userspace Framework File System px# PixelStamp Xserver access, see px(4) radio# Radio devices, see radio(4) random Random number generator, see rnd(4) rtc# RealTimeClock, see atari/rtc(4), hp300/rtc(4), pmppc/rtc(4) satlink# PlanetConnect satellite receiver driver scsibus# SCSI busses, see scsi(4) se# SCSI Ethernet, see se(4) ses# SES/SAF-TE SCSI Devices, see ses(4) speaker PC speaker, see speaker(4) sram Battery backuped memory (x68k) ss# SCSI scanner, see ss(4) stic# PixelStamp interface chip sysmon System Monitoring hardware, see envsys(4) systrace Syscall tracer, see systrace(4) tap# Virtual Ethernet device, see tap(4) tun# Network tunnel driver, see tun(4) twa 3ware Apache control interface, see twa(4) twe 3ware Escalade control interface, see twe(4) uk# Unknown SCSI device, see uk(4) veriexec Verified executable fingerprint loader, see veriexec(4) vmegen# Generic VME access view# Generic interface to graphic displays (Amiga) wsfont# Console font control, see wsfont(4) wsmux# wscons event multiplexor, see wsmux(4) xenevt Xen event interface
FILES
/dev special device files directory /dev/MAKEDEV script described in this man page /dev/MAKEDEV.local script for site specific devices
DIAGNOSTICS
If the script reports an error that is difficult to understand, you can get more debugging output by using sh -x MAKEDEV argument.
SEE ALSO
config(1), intro(4), mknod(8)
HISTORY
The MAKEDEV command appeared in 4.2BSD.
NOTES
This man page is generated automatically from the same sources as /dev/MAKEDEV, in which the device files are not always sorted, which may result in an unusual (non-alphabetical) order. Not all devices listed in this manpage are supported on all platforms. NetBSD 4.0 October 23, 2006 NetBSD 4.0
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