config(1) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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CONFIG(1)               NetBSD General Commands Manual               CONFIG(1)


NAME
config -- build kernel compilation directories
SYNOPSIS
config [-Ppv] [-b builddir] [-s srcdir] [config-file] config -x [kernel-file]
DESCRIPTION
In its first synopsis form, config creates a kernel build directory from the machine description file config-file, which describes the system to configure. There are several different ways to run the config program. The tradi- tional way is to run config from the conf subdirectory of the machine- specific directory of the system source (usually /sys/arch/MACHINE/conf, where MACHINE is one of vax, hp300, and so forth), and to specify as the config-file the name of a machine description file located in that direc- tory. config will by default create files in the directory ../compile/SYSTEMNAME, where SYSTEMNAME is the last path component of config-file. config will assume that the top-level kernel source direc- tory is located four directories above the build directory. Another way is to create the build directory yourself, place the machine description file in the build directory with the name CONFIG, and run config from within the build directory without specifying a config-file. config will then by default create files in the current directory. If you run config this way, you must specify the location of the top-level kernel source directory using the -s option or by using the ``source'' directive at the beginning of the machine description file. Finally, you can specify the build directory for config and run it from anywhere. You can specify a build directory with the -b option or by using the ``build'' directive at the beginning of the machine description file. You must specify the location of the top-level kernel source directory if you specify a build directory. If config-file is a binary kernel, config will try to extract the config- uration file embedded into it, which will be present if that kernel was built either with INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE or INCLUDE_JUST_CONFIG options. This work mode requires you to manually specify a build directory with the -b option, which implies the need to provide a source tree too. If the -p option is supplied, .PROF is appended to the default compila- tion directory name, and config acts as if the lines ``makeoptions PROF="-pg"'' and ``options GPROF'' appeared in the machine description file. This will build a system that includes profiling code; see kgmon(8) and gprof(1). The -p flag is expected to be used for ``one-shot'' profiles of existing systems; for regular profiling, it is probably wiser to create a separate machine description file containing the makeoptions line. The -v option causes config to be somewhat more verbose by enabling cer- tain warning messages. The -P option causes config to pack locators, conserving some kernel mem- ory. The old undocumented -g flag is no longer supported. Instead, use ``makeoptions DEBUG="-g"'' and (typically) ``options KGDB''. The output of config consists of a number of files, principally ioconf.c, a description of I/O devices that may be attached to the system; and a Makefile, used by make(1) in building the kernel. After running config, it is wise to run ``make depend'' in the directory where the new makefile was created. config prints a reminder of this when it completes. If config stops due to errors, the problems reported should be corrected and config should be run again. config attempts to avoid changing the compilation directory if there are configuration errors, but this code is not well-tested, and some problems (such as running out of disk space) are unrecoverable. In its second synopsis form, config takes the binary kernel kernel-file as its single argument (aside from the mandatory -x flag), then extracts the embedded configuration file (if any) and writes it to standard out- put. If kernel-file is not given, /netbsd is used. Configuration data will be available if the given kernel was compiled with either INCLUDE_CONFIG_FILE or INCLUDE_JUST_CONFIG options.
SEE ALSO
The SYNOPSIS portion of each device in section 4. options(4), config(5), config(9)
HISTORY
The config command appeared in 4.1BSD. It was completely revised in 4.4BSD. The -x option appeared in NetBSD 2.0. NetBSD 4.0 April 26, 2003 NetBSD 4.0
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