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CZ(4) NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual CZ(4)
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by Kimmo Suominen.
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cz -- Cyclades-Z series multi-port serial adapter device driver
cz* at pci? dev ? function ?
The cz device driver supports the Cyclades-Z series of multi-port serial
adapters. The Cyclades-Z is an intelligent serial controller comprising:
· PLX9060ES PCI bus interface
· Xilinx XC5204 FPGA
· IDT R3052 MIPS CPU
The MIPS CPU runs firmware provided by the device driver. Communication
with the MIPS is performed by modifying data structures located in board
local RAM or host RAM.
The Cyclades-Z comes in three basic flavors:
· Cyclades-8Zo rev. 1 -- This is an older 8-port board with no
FPGA. The serial ports are provided by an octopus cable.
· Cyclades-8Zo rev. 2 -- This is the newer 8-port board. The
serial ports are provided by an octopus cable.
· Cyclades-Ze -- This is the expandable version of the Cyclades-
Z. It uses an HD-50 SCSI cable to connect the board to a 1U
rack mountable serial expansion box. Each box has 16 RJ45
serial ports, and up to 4 boxes may be chained together, for a
total of 64 ports. Boxes 3 and 4 require their own external
power supply, otherwise the firmware will refuse to start (as
it cannot communicate with the UARTs in those boxes).
The Cyclades-Z has several features to improve performance under high
serial I/O load:
· The board may operate in interrupt-driven mode or polled mode
to reduce interrupt load.
· Each channel has a large input and output buffer.
· Each channel may be programmed to generate an interrupt based
on reception of a specific character, e.g. a PPP End-Of-Frame
· The MIPS CPU on the board performs all flow-control handling.
/dev/ttyCZnnnn -- dial-in (normal) TTY device
/dev/dtyCZnnnn -- dial-out TTY device
pci(4), termios(4), tty(4)
The cz driver first appeared in NetBSD 1.5.
The cz driver was written by Jason R. Thorpe <email@example.com> and
Bill Studenmund <firstname.lastname@example.org> of Zembu Labs, Inc.
The cz driver does not currently implement communication via host RAM.
While this may improve performance by reducing the number of PCI memory
space read/write cycles, it is not straightforward to implement with the
current bus_dma(9) API.
Interrupt mode has not been tested.
There is no support for reading or writing the EEPROM connected to the
PLX PCI bus controller.
NetBSD 4.0 May 17, 2000 NetBSD 4.0