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GETENT(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual GETENT(1)
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by Kimmo Suominen.
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getent, getcap -- get entries from administrative databases
getent database [key ...]
getcap database [key ...]
The getent program retrieves and displays entries from the administrative
database specified by database, using the lookup order specified in
nsswitch.conf(5). The display format for a given database is as per the
``traditional'' file format for that database.
database may be one of:
Database Display format
ethers address name
hosts address name [alias ...]
netgroup (host,user,domain) [...]
networks name network [alias ...]
protocols name protocol [alias ...]
rpc name number [alias ...]
services name port/protocol [alias ...]
If one or more key arguments are provided, they will be looked up in
database using the appropriate function. For example, passwd supports a
numeric UID or user name; hosts supports an IPv4 address, IPv6 address,
or host name; and services supports a service name, service name/protocol
name, numeric port, or numeric port/protocol name.
If no key is provided and database supports enumeration, all entries for
database will be retrieved using the appropriate enumeration function and
For cgetcap(3) style databases (disktab, printcap) specifying a key,
lists the entry for that key, and specifying more arguments after the key
are used as fields in that key, and only the values of the keys are
returned. For boolean keys true is returned if the key is found. If a
key is not found, then false is always returned.
getent exits 0 on success, 1 if there was an error in the command syntax,
2 if one of the specified key names was not found in database, or 3 if
there is no support for enumeration on database.
cgetcap(3), disktab(5), ethers(5), gettytab(5), group(5), hosts(5),
networks(5), nsswitch.conf(5), passwd(5), printcap(5), protocols(5),
rpc(5), services(5), shells(5)
A getent command appeared in NetBSD 3.0. It was based on the command of
the same name in Solaris and Linux.
NetBSD 9.99 October 11, 2011 NetBSD 9.99