autoconf(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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AUTOCONF(9)            NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual            AUTOCONF(9)


NAME
autoconf, config_search, config_found, config_match, config_attach, config_attach_pseudo, config_detach, config_detach_children, config_deactivate, config_defer, config_interrupts, config_mountroot, config_pending_incr, config_pending_decr, config_finalize_register -- autoconfiguration framework
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/param.h> #include <sys/device.h> #include <sys/errno.h> cfdata_t config_search(device_t parent, void *aux, const struct cfargs *); device_t config_found(device_t parent, void *aux, cfprint_t print, const struct cfargs *); int config_match(device_t parent, cfdata_t cf, void *aux); int config_probe(device_t parent, cfdata_t cf, void *aux); device_t config_attach(device_t parent, cfdata_t cf, void *aux, cfprint_t print, const struct cfargs *); device_t config_attach_pseudo(cfdata_t cf); int config_detach(device_t dev, int flags); int config_detach_children(device_t dev, int flags); int config_deactivate(device_t dev); int config_defer(device_t dev, void (*func)(device_t)); void config_interrupts(device_t dev, void (*func)(device_t)); void config_mountroot(device_t dev, void (*func)(device_t)); void config_pending_incr(); void config_pending_decr(); int config_finalize_register(device_t dev, int (*func)(device_t));
DESCRIPTION
Autoconfiguration is the process of matching hardware devices with an appropriate device driver. In its most basic form, autoconfiguration consists of the recursive process of finding and attaching all devices on a bus, including other busses. The autoconfiguration framework supports direct configuration where the bus driver can determine the devices present. The autoconfiguration framework also supports indirect configuration where the drivers must probe the bus looking for the presence of a device. Direct configuration is preferred since it can find hardware regardless of the presence of proper drivers. The autoconfiguration process occurs at system bootstrap and is driven by a table generated from a ``machine description'' file by config(1). For a description of the config(1) ``device definition'' language, see config(9). Each device must have a name consisting of an alphanumeric string that ends with a unit number. The unit number identifies an instance of the driver. Device data structures are allocated dynamically during autocon- figuration, giving a unique address for each instance. Several of the autoconfiguration functions take a strongly-typed variadic list of arguments to pass information from driver autoconfiguration func- tions to the kernel's autoconfiguration system. This list is constructed using the CFARGS() macro, like this example: config_search(self, NULL, CFARGS(.search = mainbus_search, .iattr = "mainbus")); Each tag is followed by a tag-specific value. submatch A pointer to a `submatch' function used in direct con- figuration. search A pointer to a `search' function used in indirect con- figuration. iattr A pointer to a constant C string (const char *) specify- ing an interface attribute. If a parent device carries only a single interface attribute, then this argument may be omitted. If an interface attribute is specified that the parent device does not carry, or no interface attribute is specified and the parent device carries more than one, behavior is undefined. On kernels built with the DIAGNOSTIC option, this may result in an asser- tion panic. locators A pointer to a constant array of integers (const int *) containing interface attribute-specific locators. devhandle A devhandle_t (passed by value) corresponding to the device being attached. If no arguments are to be passed, the special value CFARGS_NONE may be used in place of the CFARGS() macro.
FUNCTIONS
config_search(parent, aux, cfargs) Cfargs consumed: search, iattr, locators. Performs indirect configuration of physical devices. config_search() iterates over all potential children, calling the given search function If no search function is specified, applies the potential child's match function instead. The argument parent is the pointer to the parent's device struc- ture. If an interface attribute is specified, only potential children eligible to attach to that interface attribute will be consulted. If specified, the locators argument lists the loca- tor values for the device and are passed to the search func- tion. The given aux argument describes the device that has been found and is simply passed on through the search function to the child. config_search() returns a pointer to the config- uration data that indicates the best-matched child or NULL oth- erwise. The role of the search function is to call config_probe() for each potential child and call config_attach() for any positive matches. If no search function is specified, then the parent should record the return value from config_search() and call config_attach() itself. Note that this function is designed so that it can be used to apply an arbitrary function to all potential children. In this case callers may choose to ignore the return value. config_found(parent, aux, print, cfargs) Cfargs consumed: submatch, iattr, locators, devhandle. Performs direct configuration on a physical device. config_found() is called by the parent and in turn calls the specified submatch function as determined by the configuration table. The submatch function compares user-specified locators from the machine description file against those specifying a found device, calling config_match() if they match (including wildcard matching). If a submatch function is not specified, then driver match functions are called directly. The argument parent is the pointer to the parent's device structure. If an interface attribute is specified, only potential children eli- gible to attach to that interface attribute will be consulted. If specified, the locators argument lists the locator values for the found device and may be used by the submatch function and will be recorded in the device structure of the child device. The given aux argument describes the device that has been found. config_found() internally uses config_search(). The softc structure for the matched device will be allocated, and the appropriate driver attach function will be called. If the device is matched, the system prints the name of the child and parent devices, and then calls the print function to pro- duce additional information if desired. If no driver takes a match, the same print function is called to complain. The print function is called with the aux argument and, if the matches failed, the full name (including unit number) of the parent device, otherwise NULL. The print function must return an integer value. Two special strings, ``not configured'' and ``unsupported'' will be appended automatically to non-driver reports if the return value is UNCONF or UNSUPP respectively; otherwise the function should return the value QUIET. If a device handle is specified, that handle will be associated with the resulting child device structure if a driver matches. config_found() returns a pointer to the attached device's device structure if the device is attached, NULL otherwise. Most callers can ignore this value, since the system will already have printed a diagnostic. config_match(parent, cf, aux) Match a device (direct configuration). Invokes the driver's match function according to the configuration table. The config_match() function returns a nonzero integer indicating the confidence of supporting this device and a value of 0 if the driver doesn't support the device. config_probe(parent, cf, aux) Probe for a device (indirect configuration). Invokes the driver's match function according to the configuration table. The config_probe() function returns a nonzero integer to indi- cate a successful probe and a value of 0 otherwise. Unlike config_match(), the return value of config_probe() is not intended to reflect a confidence value. config_attach(parent, cf, aux, print, cfargs) Cfargs consumed: locators, devhandle. Attach a found device. Allocates the memory for the softc structure and calls the drivers attach function according to the configuration table. If successful, config_attach() returns a pointer to the device structure. If unsuccessful, it returns NULL. config_attach_pseudo(cf) Create an instance of a pseudo-device driver. config(5) syntax allows the creation of pseudo-devices from which regular device_t instances can be created. Such objects are similar to the devices that attach at the root of the device tree. The caller is expected to allocate and fill the cfdata_t object and pass it to config_attach_pseudo(). The content of that object is similar to what is returned by config_search() for regular devices. config_detach(dev, flags) Called by the parent to detach the child device. The second argument flags contains detachment flags. Valid values are DETACH_FORCE (force detachment, e.g., because of hardware removal) and DETACH_QUIET (do not print a notice). config_detach() returns zero if successful and an error code otherwise. config_detach() is always called from a thread con- text, allowing condition variables to be used while the device detaches itself. config_detach_children(dev, flags) Iterate through all attached devices, calling config_detach() for each child of dev, passing flags. If detaching any child results in an error, the iteration will halt and any remaining devices will not be detached. config_detach_children() returns zero if successful and an error code otherwise. config_deactivate(dev) Called by the parent to deactivate the child device dev. config_deactivate() is called from interrupt context to immedi- ately relinquish resources and notify dependent kernel subsys- tems that the device is about to be detached. At some later point config_detach() will be called to finalise the removal of the device. config_defer(dev, func) Called by the child to defer the remainder of its configuration until all its parent's devices have been attached. At this point, the function func is called with the argument dev. config_interrupts(dev, func) Called by the child to defer the remainder of its configuration until interrupts are enabled. At this point, the function func is called with the argument dev. config_mountroot(dev, func) Called by the child to defer the remainder of its configuration until the root file system is mounted. At this point, the function func is called with the argument dev. This is used for devices that need to load firmware image from a mounted file system. config_pending_incr() Increment the config_pending semaphore. It is used to account for deferred configurations before mounting the root file sys- tem. config_pending_decr() Decrement the config_pending semaphore. It is used to account for deferred configurations before mounting the root file sys- tem. config_finalize_register(dev, func) Register a function to be called after all real devices have been found. Registered functions are all executed until all of them return 0. The callbacks should return 0 to indicate they do not require to be called another time, but they should be aware that they still might be in case one of them returns 1.
CODE REFERENCES
The autoconfiguration framework itself is implemented within the file sys/kern/subr_autoconf.c. Data structures and function prototypes for the framework are located in sys/sys/device.h.
SEE ALSO
config(1), config(5), condvar(9), config(9), driver(9)
HISTORY
Autoconfiguration first appeared in 4.1BSD. The autoconfiguration frame- work was completely revised in 4.4BSD. The detach and deactivate inter- faces appeared in NetBSD 1.5. NetBSD 9.99 August 7, 2021 NetBSD 9.99
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