wdogctl(8) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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WDOGCTL(8)              NetBSD System Manager's Manual              WDOGCTL(8)


NAME
wdogctl -- Watchdog timer control utility
SYNOPSIS
wdogctl wdogctl -d wdogctl -e [-A] [-p seconds] timer wdogctl -k [-A] [-p seconds] timer wdogctl -t wdogctl -u [-A] [-p seconds] timer wdogctl -x [-A] [-p seconds] timer
DESCRIPTION
wdogctl is used to manipulate watchdog timers. Watchdog timers provide a means of ensuring that a system continues to make progress. This is accomplished by use of a timer, provided by either hardware or software; when the timer expires, the watchdog resets the system. In this case of a hardware watchdog timer, this is accomplished by asserting the system's hardware reset signal. In the case of a software watchdog timer, this is accomplished by calling the kernel's normal reboot path. In order to prevent the system from rebooting, something must refresh the timer to prevent it from expiring. The NetBSD kernel provides three basic modes in which watchdog timers may operate: kernel tickle mode, user tickle mode, and external tickle mode. In kernel tickle mode, a timer in the kernel refreshes the watchdog timer. In user tickle mode, wdogctl runs in the background and refreshes the watchdog timer. In kernel tickle mode, progress of the kernel is ensured. In user tickle mode, the ability for user programs to run within a known period of time is ensured. Note that user tickle mode must be used with caution; on a heavily loaded system, the timer may expire accidentally, even though user programs may be making (very slow) progress. A user-mode timer is disarmed (if possible) when the device is closed, unless the timer is activated with the -x option. External-mode watchdogs are similar to user-mode watchdogs, except that the tickle must be done explicitly by a separate invocation of the pro- gram with the -t option. In the first two modes, an attempt is made to refresh the watchdog timer in one half the timer's configured period. That is, if the watchdog timer has a period of 30 seconds, a refresh attempt is made every 15 sec- onds. If called without arguments, wdogctl will list the timers available on the system. When arming a watchdog timer, the timer argument is the name of the timer to arm. Only one timer may be armed at a time; if an attempt is made to arm a timer when one is already armed, an error message will be displayed and no action will be taken. The options are as follows: -A When arming a timer, this flag indicates that an audi- ble alarm is to sound when the watchdog timer expires and resets the system. If the selected timer does not support an audible alarm, this option will be silently ignored. -d This flag disarms the currently active timer. Note that not all watchdog timers can be disabled once armed. If the selected timer can not be disabled, an error message will be displayed and the timer will remain armed. -e Arm timer in external tickle mode. -k Arm timer in kernel tickle mode. -p period When arming a timer, this flag configures the timer period to period seconds. If the specified period is outside the timer's range, an error message will be displayed and no action will be taken. -t This flag tickles an external mode timer. -u Arm timer in user tickle mode. -x Arm timer in a modified user tickle mode: closing the device will not disarm the timer.
FILES
/dev/watchdog -- the system monitor watchdog timer device
SEE ALSO
acpiwdrt(4), evbarm/iopwdog(4), i386/elansc(4), i386/gcscpcib(4), i386/geodewdog(4), ipmi(4), itesio(4), pcweasel(4), pwdog(4), swwdog(4), x86/tco(4)
HISTORY
The wdogctl command first appeared in NetBSD 1.6.
AUTHORS
The wdogctl command and the NetBSD watchdog timer framework were written by Jason R. Thorpe <thorpej@zembu.com>, and contributed by Zembu Labs, Inc. NetBSD 9.99 July 11, 2020 NetBSD 9.99
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