uuidgen(2) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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UUIDGEN(2)                NetBSD System Calls Manual                UUIDGEN(2)


NAME
uuidgen -- generate universally unique identifiers
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/types.h> #include <sys/uuid.h> int uuidgen(struct uuid *store, int count);
DESCRIPTION
The uuidgen() system call generates count universally unique identifiers (UUIDs) and writes them to the buffer pointed to by store. The identi- fiers are randomly generated according to UUID version 4. Universally unique identifiers, also known as globally unique identifiers (GUIDs), have a binary representation of 128-bits. The grouping and meaning of these bits is based on historical methods of generation from on timestamps and IEEE 802 MAC addresses, and is described by the follow- ing structure and its description of the fields that follow it: struct uuid { uint32_t time_low; uint16_t time_mid; uint16_t time_hi_and_version; uint8_t clock_seq_hi_and_reserved; uint8_t clock_seq_low; uint8_t node[_UUID_NODE_LEN]; }; time_low The least significant 32 bits of a 60-bit timestamp. This field is stored in the native byte-order. time_mid The least significant 16 bits of the most sig- nificant 28 bits of the 60-bit timestamp. This field is stored in the native byte-order. time_hi_and_version The most significant 12 bits of the 60-bit timestamp multiplexed with a 4-bit version number. The version number is stored in the most significant 4 bits of the 16-bit field. This field is stored in the native byte-order. clock_seq_hi_and_reserved The most significant 6 bits of a 14-bit sequence number multiplexed with a 2-bit vari- ant value. Note that the width of the variant value is determined by the variant itself. Identifiers generated by the uuidgen() system call have variant value 10b. the variant value is stored in the most significant bits of the field. clock_seq_low The least significant 8 bits of a 14-bit sequence number. node The 6-byte IEEE 802 (MAC) address of one of the interfaces of the node. If no such inter- face exists, a random multi-cast address is used instead. The binary representation is sensitive to byte ordering. Any multi-byte field is to be stored in the local or native byte-order and identifiers must be converted when transmitted to hosts that do not agree on the byte-order. The specification does not however document what this means in concrete terms and is otherwise beyond the scope of this system call.
RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, the value 0 is returned; otherwise the value -1 is returned and the global variable errno is set to indicate the error.
ERRORS
The uuidgen() system call can fail with: [EFAULT] The buffer pointed to by store could not be written to for any or all identifiers. [EINVAL] The count argument is less than 1 or larger than the hard upper limit of 2048.
SEE ALSO
uuidgen(1), uuid(3) P. Leach, M. Mealling, and R. Salz, A Universally Unique IDentifier (UUID) URN Namespace, IETF, RFC 4122, July 2005.
STANDARDS
The identifiers are represented and generated in conformance with IETF RFC 4122, based on the historic DCE 1.1 RPC specification of the Open Software Foundation (now the Open Group). The uuidgen() system call is itself not part of the specification.
HISTORY
The uuidgen() system call first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0 and was subse- quently added to NetBSD 2.0. It was changed to use version 4 UUIDs, i.e. randomly generated UUIDs, in NetBSD 8.0. NetBSD 10.99 May 26, 2002 NetBSD 10.99
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