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SSH-ADD(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual SSH-ADD(1)
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ssh-add -- adds private key identities to the OpenSSH authentication
ssh-add [-cDdKkLlqvXx] [-E fingerprint_hash] [-S provider] [-t life]
ssh-add -s pkcs11
ssh-add -e pkcs11
ssh-add -T pubkey ...
ssh-add adds private key identities to the authentication agent,
ssh-agent(1). When run without arguments, it adds the files
~/.ssh/id_rsa, ~/.ssh/id_dsa, ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa, ~/.ssh/id_ecdsa_sk,
~/.ssh/id_ed25519, and ~/.ssh/id_ed25519_sk. After loading a private
key, ssh-add will try to load corresponding certificate information from
the filename obtained by appending -cert.pub to the name of the private
key file. Alternative file names can be given on the command line.
If any file requires a passphrase, ssh-add asks for the passphrase from
the user. The passphrase is read from the user's tty. ssh-add retries
the last passphrase if multiple identity files are given.
The authentication agent must be running and the SSH_AUTH_SOCK environ-
ment variable must contain the name of its socket for ssh-add to work.
The options are as follows:
-c Indicates that added identities should be subject to confirmation
before being used for authentication. Confirmation is performed
by ssh-askpass(1). Successful confirmation is signaled by a zero
exit status from ssh-askpass(1), rather than text entered into
-D Deletes all identities from the agent.
-d Instead of adding identities, removes identities from the agent.
If ssh-add has been run without arguments, the keys for the
default identities and their corresponding certificates will be
removed. Otherwise, the argument list will be interpreted as a
list of paths to public key files to specify keys and certifi-
cates to be removed from the agent. If no public key is found at
a given path, ssh-add will append .pub and retry. If the argu-
ment list consists of ``-'' then ssh-add will read public keys to
be removed from standard input.
Specifies the hash algorithm used when displaying key finger-
prints. Valid options are: ``md5'' and ``sha256''. The default
Remove keys provided by the PKCS#11 shared library pkcs11.
-K Load resident keys from a FIDO authenticator.
-k When loading keys into or deleting keys from the agent, process
plain private keys only and skip certificates.
-L Lists public key parameters of all identities currently repre-
sented by the agent.
-l Lists fingerprints of all identities currently represented by the
-q Be quiet after a successful operation.
Specifies a path to a library that will be used when adding FIDO
authenticator-hosted keys, overriding the default of using the
internal USB HID support.
Add keys provided by the PKCS#11 shared library pkcs11.
-T pubkey ...
Tests whether the private keys that correspond to the specified
pubkey files are usable by performing sign and verify operations
Set a maximum lifetime when adding identities to an agent. The
lifetime may be specified in seconds or in a time format speci-
fied in sshd_config(5).
-v Verbose mode. Causes ssh-add to print debugging messages about
its progress. This is helpful in debugging problems. Multiple
-v options increase the verbosity. The maximum is 3.
-X Unlock the agent.
-x Lock the agent with a password.
DISPLAY, SSH_ASKPASS and SSH_ASKPASS_REQUIRE
If ssh-add needs a passphrase, it will read the passphrase from
the current terminal if it was run from a terminal. If ssh-add
does not have a terminal associated with it but DISPLAY and
SSH_ASKPASS are set, it will execute the program specified by
SSH_ASKPASS (by default ``ssh-askpass'') and open an X11 window
to read the passphrase. This is particularly useful when calling
ssh-add from a .xsession or related script.
SSH_ASKPASS_REQUIRE allows further control over the use of an
askpass program. If this variable is set to ``never'' then
ssh-add will never attempt to use one. If it is set to
``prefer'', then ssh-add will prefer to use the askpass program
instead of the TTY when requesting passwords. Finally, if the
variable is set to ``force'', then the askpass program will be
used for all passphrase input regardless of whether DISPLAY is
Identifies the path of a UNIX-domain socket used to communicate
with the agent.
Specifies a path to a library that will be used when loading any
FIDO authenticator-hosted keys, overriding the default of using
the built-in USB HID support.
Contains the DSA, ECDSA, authenticator-hosted ECDSA, Ed25519,
authenticator-hosted Ed25519 or RSA authentication identity of
Identity files should not be readable by anyone but the user. Note that
ssh-add ignores identity files if they are accessible by others.
Exit status is 0 on success, 1 if the specified command fails, and 2 if
ssh-add is unable to contact the authentication agent.
ssh(1), ssh-agent(1), ssh-askpass(1), ssh-keygen(1), sshd(8)
OpenSSH is a derivative of the original and free ssh 1.2.12 release by
Tatu Ylonen. Aaron Campbell, Bob Beck, Markus Friedl, Niels Provos, Theo
de Raadt and Dug Song removed many bugs, re-added newer features and cre-
ated OpenSSH. Markus Friedl contributed the support for SSH protocol
versions 1.5 and 2.0.
NetBSD 9.99 July 14 2020 NetBSD 9.99