acct(5) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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ACCT(5)                   NetBSD File Formats Manual                   ACCT(5)


NAME
acct -- execution accounting file
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/acct.h>
DESCRIPTION
The kernel maintains the following acct information structure for all processes. If a process terminates, and accounting is enabled, the kernel calls the acct(2) function call to prepare and append the record to the accounting file. /* * Accounting structures; these use a comp_t type which is a 3 bits base 8 * exponent, 13 bit fraction ``floating point'' number. Units are 1/AHZ * seconds. */ typedef u_short comp_t; struct acct { char ac_comm[10]; /* name of command */ comp_t ac_utime; /* user time */ comp_t ac_stime; /* system time */ comp_t ac_etime; /* elapsed time */ time_t ac_btime; /* starting time */ uid_t ac_uid; /* user id */ gid_t ac_gid; /* group id */ short ac_mem; /* memory usage average */ comp_t ac_io; /* count of IO blocks */ dev_t ac_tty; /* controlling tty */ #define AFORK 0x01 /* forked but not execed */ #define ASU 0x02 /* used super-user permissions */ #define ACOMPAT 0x04 /* used compatibility mode */ #define ACORE 0x08 /* dumped core */ #define AXSIG 0x10 /* killed by a signal */ char ac_flag; /* accounting flags */ }; /* * 1/AHZ is the granularity of the data encoded in the comp_t fields. * This is not necessarily equal to hz. */ #define AHZ 64 #ifdef KERNEL struct vnode *acctp; #endif If a terminated process was created by an execve(2), the name of the exe- cuted file (at most ten characters of it) is saved in the field ac_comm and its status is saved by setting one of more of the following flags in ac_flag: AFORK, ACORE, and AXSIG. The ASU flag is not recorded anymore because with the switch to kauth(9), the superuser model is optional and passing the affected process to every authorization call in order to record ASU in p_acflag, would require many source changes and would not reflect reality because the authorization decision might not have been done based on the secmodel_suser(9) model. The ACOMPAT flag was never recorded in NetBSD; we could consider setting when the a process is running under emulation, but this is not currently done. Both the ASU and the ACOMPAT flags are retained for source compatibility.
SEE ALSO
lastcomm(1), acct(2), execve(2), accton(8), sa(8)
HISTORY
A acct file format appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX. NetBSD 9.99 November 15, 2021 NetBSD 9.99
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