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LSEEK(2) NetBSD System Calls Manual LSEEK(2)
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Maintained for NetBSD
by Kimmo Suominen.
Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.
lseek, seek -- reposition read/write file offset
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
lseek(int fildes, off_t offset, int whence);
The lseek() function repositions the offset of the file descriptor fildes
to the argument offset according to the directive whence. The argument
fildes must be an open file descriptor. lseek() repositions the file
pointer fildes as follows:
If whence is SEEK_SET, the offset is set to offset bytes.
If whence is SEEK_CUR, the offset is set to its current location
plus offset bytes.
If whence is SEEK_END, the offset is set to the size of the file
plus offset bytes.
The lseek() function allows the file offset to be set beyond the end of
the existing end-of-file of the file. If data is later written at this
point, subsequent reads of the data in the gap return bytes of zeros
(until data is actually written into the gap).
Some devices are incapable of seeking. The value of the pointer associ-
ated with such a device is undefined.
Upon successful completion, lseek() returns the resulting offset location
as measured in bytes from the beginning of the file. Otherwise, a value
of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
lseek() will fail and the file pointer will remain unchanged if:
[EBADF] fildes is not an open file descriptor.
[EINVAL] whence is not a proper value, or the resulting file
offset would be invalid.
[ESPIPE] fildes is associated with a pipe, socket, or FIFO.
The lseek() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1'').
A seek() function appeared in Version 1 AT&T UNIX, later renamed into
lseek() for ``long seek'' due to a larger offset argument type.
This document's use of whence is incorrect English, but is maintained for
NetBSD 9.0 September 2, 2019 NetBSD 9.0