iostat(8) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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IOSTAT(8)               NetBSD System Manager's Manual               IOSTAT(8)


NAME
iostat -- report I/O statistics
SYNOPSIS
iostat [-CdDITxyz] [-c count] [-H height] [-W width] [-w wait] [drives]
DESCRIPTION
iostat displays kernel I/O statistics on terminal, disk and CPU opera- tions. By default, iostat displays one line of statistics averaged over the machine's run time. The use of -c or -w presents successive lines averaged over the wait period. The -I option causes iostat to print raw, unaveraged values (totals). Only the last disk option specified (-d, -D, -x, or -y) is used. The options are as follows: -c count Repeat the display count times. Unless the -I flag is in effect, the first display is for the time since a reboot and each subsequent report is for the time period since the last display. If no wait interval is specified, the default is 1 second. -C Show CPU statistics. This is enabled by default unless any of the -d, -D, -T, -x, or -y flags are used. -d Show disk statistics. This is the default. Displays number of transfers per second, kilobytes per transfer, and megabytes transferred per second. Use of this flag disables the default display of CPU and tty statistics. -D Show alternative disk statistics. Displays number of trans- fers, kilobytes transferred, and time spent in transfers, during the wait period (or since boot with -I). Use of this flag disables the default display. -H height Set the page size (length, or height) explicitly, as the num- ber of lines, height. If not set, the page length is taken from the environment variable LINES if set, or from the ter- minal (window) size, if output is to a terminal and its size is set, and otherwise defaults to 20. If explicitly set to zero, pages are considered to be infinitely long. This parameter determines the frequency at which repeated headers are output. If the value is greater than zero, but too small for the header, along with one output set, then a new header will be produced for each set of output. -I Show the running total values, rather than an average. -T Show tty statistics. This is enabled by default unless one, or more, of the -C, -d, -D, -x, or -y flags are used. -w wait Pause wait seconds between each display. If no repeat count is specified, the default is infinity. -W width Set the page width explicitly, as the number of columns of characters, width. If not set, the page width is taken from the environment variable COLUMNS if set, or from the terminal (window) size, if output is to a terminal and its size is set, and otherwise defaults to 80. If explicitly set to 0, lines are considered infinitely long. This width is used only to determine the number of drives to display by default when no drive list is given. In other cases output will be as wide as needed to display the data requested. -x Show extended disk statistics. Each disk is displayed on a line of its own with all available statistics. This option overrides all other display options, and all disks are dis- played unless specific disk names are provided as arguments. Additionally, separate read and write statistics are dis- played. The -C and -T options are ignored with this output format. -y Shows the extended statistics (as with -x) and additional queuing statistics. Output does not fit in an 80 column win- dow. The -C and -T options are ignored with this output for- mat. -z Replaces drive and CPU statistic outputs that are exactly zero with spaces. Note that zero values can still appear - this indicates a value that was not zero, but was rounded down so appears as zero. Drive output is replaced by spaces only when the drive did no input or output at all in the interval, or with -I, has never done any I/O. iostat displays its information in the following format: tty tin characters read from terminals tout characters written to terminals disks Disk operations. The header of the field is the disk name and unit number. If more drives are configured in the system that fit across the current display, iostat displays only those drives that fit on the display. To force iostat to display specific drives, they may be supplied on the command line, either as names or fnmatch() patterns. t/s transfers per second KB/t Kilobytes transferred per disk transfer MB/s Megabytes transferred per second The alternative display format, (selected with -D), presents the following values: xfr Disk transfers KB Kilobytes transferred time Seconds spent in disk activity With the -y flag, the following queuing measurements are added: wait Number of I/O requests queued up actv Number of currently active I/O requests wsvc_t Average waiting time of an I/O request in milliseconds asvc_t Average duration of an I/O request in milliseconds wtime Seconds spent in the waiting queue. Queuing data might not be available from all drivers and is then shown as zeros. cpu us % of CPU time in user mode ni % of CPU time in user mode running niced processes sy % of CPU time in system mode in % of CPU time in interrupt mode id % of CPU time in idle mode Note that because of rounding, these percentages may appear to total more or less than 100.
SEE ALSO
fstat(1), netstat(1), nfsstat(1), ps(1), systat(1), vmstat(1), fnmatch(3), pstat(8) The sections starting with ``Interpreting system activity'' in Installing and Operating 4.3BSD.
HISTORY
iostat appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX. The -x option was added in NetBSD 1.4. Collection of queuing values and the -y option were added in NetBSD 8.0. The archaic option format: iostat [drives ...] [wait [count]] remains supported (the first drive whose name starts with a digit is taken to be the wait period) but is deprecated, and may be removed in a future version, so should not be used. NetBSD 9.99 June 18, 2022 NetBSD 9.99
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