kernel_sanitizers(7) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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NAME
kernel_sanitizers -- NetBSD Kernel Sanitizers
DESCRIPTION
Kernel Sanitizers are powerful kernel bug detection features that can automatically discover several classes of bugs at run time while the ker- nel executes. NetBSD supports four kernel sanitizers. They are not mutually compati- ble, and only one can be enabled at a time, via compilation options.
KUBSAN
Kernel Undefined Behavior Sanitizer, specializes in finding several types of undefined behaviors, such a misaligned accesses and integer overflows. Runtime cost Heavy runtime checks. Used components Compiler instrumentation and an entirely MI runtime. Supported architectures aarch64 (gcc), amd64 (gcc), arm (gcc). [Theoretically supported on all other architectures with no MD change required] Files src/common/lib/libc/misc/ubsan.c Core KUBSAN code. MI.
KASAN
Kernel Address Sanitizer, specializes in finding memory corruptions such as buffer overflows and use-after-frees. Runtime cost Heavy runtime checks, and ~12.5% increase in memory consumption. Used components Shadow memory, compiler instrumentation, special kernel wrappers, and light MD infrastructure. Supported architectures aarch64 (gcc), amd64 (gcc, llvm), arm (gcc). KASAN is made of six sub-features that perform memory validation: +-----------------------------------------------------+ | SUPPORTED SUB-FEATURE | +---------+------+-------+---------+-----------+---------+------+ | PORT | HEAP | STACK | ATOMICS | BUS_SPACE | BUS_DMA | VLAs | +---------+------+-------+---------+-----------+---------+------+ | amd64 | Yes | Yes | Yes | Yes | Yes | Yes | +---------+------+-------+---------+-----------+---------+------+ | aarch64 | Yes | Yes | Yes | No | Yes | Yes | +---------+------+-------+---------+-----------+---------+------+ | arm | Yes | Yes | Yes | No | Yes | Yes | +---------+------+-------+---------+-----------+---------+------+ An architecture is allowed to have only partial support. Files src/sys/kern/subr_asan.c Core KASAN code. MI. src/sys/sys/asan.h Main KASAN header. MI. src/sys/arch/{port}/include/asan.h Port-specific KASAN code. MD. Each new port of KASAN should respect the existing naming conventions, and should introduce only one MD header file.
KCSAN
Kernel Concurrency Sanitizer, specializes in finding memory races. Runtime cost Medium runtime checks. Used components Compiler instrumentation, special kernel wrappers, and light MD infra- structure. Supported architectures amd64 (gcc). Files src/sys/kern/subr_csan.c Core KCSAN code. MI. src/sys/sys/csan.h Main KCSAN header. MI. src/sys/arch/{port}/include/csan.h Port-specific KCSAN code. MD. Each new port of KCSAN should respect the existing naming conventions, and should introduce only one MD header file.
KMSAN
Kernel Memory Sanitizer, specializes in finding uninitialized memory. Runtime cost Heavy runtime checks, and ~200% increase in memory consumption. Used components Double shadow memory, compiler instrumentation, special kernel wrappers, and heavy MD infrastructure. Supported architectures amd64 (llvm). Files src/sys/kern/subr_msan.c Core KMSAN code. MI. src/sys/sys/msan.h Main KMSAN header. MI. src/sys/arch/{port}/include/msan.h Port-specific KMSAN code. MD. Each new port of KMSAN should respect the existing naming conventions, and should introduce only one MD header file.
AUTHORS
Support for KUBSAN was developed by Kamil Rytarowski. Support for KASAN, KCSAN and KMSAN was developed by Maxime Villard. Support for KASAN on ARM was developed by Nick Hudson. NetBSD 9.99 July 12, 2020 NetBSD 9.99
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