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PDC(4) NetBSD/hppa Kernel Interfaces Manual PDC(4)
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pdc -- Processor-Dependent Code firmware driver
pdc0 at mainbus?
The pdc driver provides system console services through the PDC and also
a means for calling PDC procedures, described later. The PDC console is
used early in the kernel startup before enough kernel subsystems have
been initialized to directly use the hardware i.e. serial ports, key-
board, and video.
The PDC version displayed at system boot is relevant to the particular
system model and is not necessarily comparable to PDC versions on other
PDC procedure calls are all made through a single entry point and assume
normal C language calling conventions, with option number in the first
argument and the return data address in the second, unless indicated oth-
erwise. Each call requires at most 7KB of the available stack. Here is
the list of procedures and options descriptions:
pdc(PDC_ADD_VALID, PDC_ADD_VALID_DFLT, paddr)
Perform a read operation attempt at the physical address paddr with-
out causing a HPMC, in order to verify that the address is valid and
there is a device to respond to it. The implementation may choose
to call the caller's HPMC handler and raise error conditions on the
pdc(PDC_ALLOC, PDC_ALLOC_DFLT, ptr, size)
Allocate static storage for IODC use of size bytes and return the
address in a word pointed to by the ptr argument. There is no way
of freeing the storage allocated and thus care shall be taken to not
exhaust the total allocation limit of 32KB.
pdc(PDC_BLOCK_TLB, PDC_BTLB_DEFAULT, ptr)
Get block TLB parameters into the data area pointed to by the ptr
argument. This includes minimal and maximal entry size and number
of fixed and variable sized entries in the block TLB. Fixed entries
have size of power of two and are aligned to the size where variable
entries can have any size and base address both aligned to a page.
pdc(PDC_BLOCK_TLB, PDC_BTLB_INSERT, sp, va, pa, len, acc, slot)
Insert block TLB entry specified by the space ID sp, virtual address
va, physical address pa, region length len, access rights acc, into
the slot number slot.
pdc(PDC_BLOCK_TLB, PDC_BTLB_PURGE, sp, va, slot, len)
Purge one entry from the block TLB specified by the space ID sp,
virtual address va, region length len, from slot number slot.
Purge all entries from the block TLB.
pdc(PDC_CACHE, PDC_CACHE_DFLT, ptr)
Retrieve cache and TLB configuration parameters into the data area
pointed to by the ptr argument. The format of the data stores is as
0x00 I-cache size in bytes
0x04 I-cache configuration
0x08 I-cache base for flushing
0x0c I-cache stride for flushing
0x10 I-cache count for flushing
0x14 I-cache loop size for flushing
0x18 D-cache size in bytes
0x1c D-cache configuration
0x20 D-cache base for flushing
0x24 D-cache stride for flushing
0x28 D-cache count for flushing
0x2c D-cache loop size for flushing
0x30 ITLB size
0x34 ITLB configuration
0x38 ITLB space base for flushing
0x3c ITLB space stride for flushing
0x40 ITLB space count for flushing
0x44 ITLB address base for flushing
0x48 ITLB address stride for flushing
0x4c ITLB address count for flushing
0x50 ITLB loop size for flushing
0x54 DTLB size
0x58 DTLB configuration
0x5c DTLB space base for flushing
0x60 DTLB space stride for flushing
0x64 DTLB space count for flushing
0x68 DTLB address base for flushing
0x6c DTLB address stride for flushing
0x70 DTLB address count for flushing
0x74 DTLB loop size for flushing
The cache configuration word is formatted as follows:
bit len contents
0 12 reserved
13 3 set 1 if coherent operation supported
16 2 flush mode: 0 -- fdc & fic; 1 -- fdc; 2 -- fic; 3
18 1 write-thru D-cache if set
19 2 reserved
21 3 cache line size
24 4 associativity
28 4 virtual address alias boundary
pdc(PDC_CACHE, PDC_CACHE_SETCS, ptr, i_cst, d_cst, it_cst, dt_cst)
The second word in each of the i_cst, d_cst, it_cst, and dt_cst
arguments specifies the desired coherency operation for the instruc-
tions cache, data cache, instructions TLB, and data TLB, respec-
tively. The data area pointed to by the ptr argument receives the
actual coherent operation state after an attempted change. The CPU
does not support the requested operation change should the corre-
sponding words not match the arguments upon return. The currently
supported values are zero for incoherent operation, and one for
pdc(PDC_CACHE, PDC_CACHE_GETSPIDB, ptr)
The word pointed to by the ptr argument receives a mask of space ID
used in hashing for cache tag.
pdc(PDC_CHASSIS, PDC_CHASSIS_DISP, display)
Update the chassis display with data given in the display argument.
The bitfields in the word are as follows:
0xe0000 Specifies the system state.
0xe0000 all on
0x10000 Blank the chassis display.
0x0f000 This and the other lower three nibbles specify the four hex
digits to be displayed on the chassis display.
pdc(PDC_CHASSIS, PDC_CHASSIS_WARN, ptr)
Return the warnings from the chassis fans, temperature sensors, bat-
teries and power supplies. A word of data is returned in the area
pointed by the ptr argument and is described with bitfields:
Zero means none of the redundant chassis components has indi-
cated any failures. A non-zero value specifies the failing
0x4 Indicates the chassis battery charge is low.
0x2 The chassis temperature has exceeded the low threshold.
0x1 The chassis temperature has exceeded the middle threshold.
pdc(PDC_CHASSIS, PDC_CHASSIS_ALL, ptr, display)
Both retrieves the chassis warnings into the word pointed by the ptr
argument and sets the chassis display using data in the display
pdc(PDC_COPROC, PDC_COPROC_DFLT, ptr)
Identify the coprocessors attached to the CPU. The ptr points to a
memory location where data is to be stored. The first word provides
a mask for functional coprocessors and the second word is the mask
for all present coprocessors.
pdc(PDC_DEBUG, PDC_DEBUG_DFLT, ptr)
Retrieve address of the PDC debugger placed in to the word pointed
to by the ptr argument.
pdc(PDC_IODC, PDC_IODC_READ, ptr, hpa, entry, addr, count)
Given a module hpa, retrieve the specified entry from the module's
IODC into a memory area at adr of count bytes long at most. The
entry index is a one-byte index, with a value of zero being a spe-
cial case. For the 0th entry, an IODC header of 16 bytes is
returned instead of an actual code.
pdc(PDC_IODC, PDC_IODC_NINIT, ptr, hpa, spa)
Non-destructively initialize the memory module specified by the hpa
and spa arguments and return the module status after the init in the
first word pointed to by the ptr argument, followed by the SPA space
size and an amount of available memory bytes in the subsequent two
pdc(PDC_IODC, PDC_IODC_DINIT, ptr, hpa, spa)
Same as PDC_IODC_NINIT except a destructive memory test is per-
pdc(PDC_IODC, PDC_IODC_MEMERR, ptr, hpa, spa)
For the memory module that is specified by hpa and spa, return the
last most severe error information comprised of copies of IO_STATUS,
IO_ERR_RESP, IO_ERR_INFO, and IO_ERR_REQ registers placed into the
data area pointed to by the ptr argument, and clear the error sta-
pdc(PDC_IODC, PDC_IODC_IMEMMASTER, ptr, hpa)
HPA for the primary memory module is returned in a word pointed to
by the ptr argument for a memory module specified by hpa if it's
configured as a slave module in an interleave group.
pdc(PDC_LAN_STATION_ID, PDC_LAN_STATION_ID_READ, macptr, hpa)
Retrieve the MAC address for the device at hpa into the data area
pointed to by the macptr argument.
pdc(PDC_MEMMAP, PDC_MEMMAP_HPA., ptr, path)
Returns device HPA in the word pointed to by the ptr argument given
the device path pointer.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_INFO, ptr)
Returns the System model numbers.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_BOOTID, boot_id)
Set BOOT_ID of the processor module (used during boot process of
monarch selection) to a word given in the boot_id argument.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_COMP, ptr, index)
Retrieve processor component versions by issuing this procedure with
subsequent indexes in the index argument starting at zero. The com-
ponent version number is stored in the word pointed to by the ptr
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_MODEL, ptr, os_id, mod_addr)
Return a string of 80 chars maximum stored at address mod_addr and
conforming to the OS specified by the os_id 16-bit integer (see
PDC_STABLE for more information on OS ID). A word at the ptr
address receives the result string length.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_CPUID, ptr)
Retrieve CPU model information. A word stored at the address given
by the ptr argument specifies the CPU revision in the lower 5 bits
followed by 7 bits of CPU model number.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_CPBALITIES, ptr)
Retrieve platform capabilities into the word pointed by the ptr
argument. Bit 0 and 1 specify that a 64- or 32-bit OS is supported,
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_GETBOOTOPTS, ptr)
Retrieve the currently enabled, overall supported, and enabled by
default boot test masks respectively stored at location pointed to
by the ptr argument.
pdc(PDC_MODEL, PDC_MODEL_SETBOOTOPTS, ptr, disable, enable)
Disable boot tests specified by mask in the disable argument and
enable boot tests specified by the mask given in the enable argu-
ment. The memory location pointed to by ptr will contain the
resulting masks as returned by the PDC_MODEL_GETBOOTOPTS function.
If an attempt is made to enable and disable the same test in one
call a PDC_ERR_INVAL will be returned.
pdc(PDC_NVM, PDC_NVM_READ, offset, ptr, count)
Read contents of the NVM at offset into the memory area pointed to
by the ptr argument of no more than count bytes.
The format of the NVM is as follows:
offset size contents
0x00 0x24 HV dependent
0x24 0x20 bootpath
0x44 0x04 ISL revision
0x48 0x04 timestamp
0x4c 0x30 LIF utility entries
0x7c 0x04 entry point
0x80 0x80 OS panic information
pdc(PDC_NVM, PDC_NVM_WRITE, offset, ptr, count)
Write data pointed to by the ptr argument of count bytes at address
in the NVM.
pdc(PDC_NVM, PDC_NVM_SIZE, ptr)
Put the size of Non-Volatile Memory into the word pointed to by the
Verify that the contents of NVM are valid.
Reset the contents of NVM to zeroes without any arguments.
pdc(PDC_HPA, PDC_HPA_DFLT, ptr)
The data returned provides the monarch CPUs HPA in the word pointed
to by ptr.
pdc(PDC_HPA, PDC_HPA_MODULES, ptr)
Retrieve the bit mask for devices on the CPU bus into the data loca-
tion pointed to by ptr. The first word is a bitmask for devices
0-31, and the second is a bitmask for devices 32-63, where bits set
to one specify that the corresponding device number is on the same
bus as the CPU.
pdc(PDC_PIM, PDC_PIM_HPMC, offset, ptr, count)
Get HPMC data from offset in Processor Internal Memory (PIM) into a
ptr memory area of no more than count bytes in size. Data provided
includes (in the order it is copied into the buffer): general regis-
ters (r0-r31), control registers (cr0-cr31), space registers
(sr0-sr7), IIA space tail, IIA offset tail, check type, CPU state,
cache check, TLB check, bus check, assist check, assist state, path
info, system responder address, system requestor address, FPU regis-
pdc(PDC_PIM, PDC_PIM_SIZE, ptr)
Return the amount of data available in bytes in the word pointed to
pdc(PDC_PIM, PDC_PIM_LPMC, offset, ptr, count)
Get LPMC data from offset in PIM into a ptr memory area of no more
than count bytes in size. Data provided includes: HV dependent 0x4a
words, check type, HV dependent word, cache check, TLB check, bus
check, assist check, assist state, path info, system responder
address, system requestor address, FPU registers (fpr0-fpr31).
pdc(PDC_PIM, PDC_PIM_SBD, offset, ptr, count)
Get Soft Boot Data from offset in PIM into a ptr memory area of no
more than count bytes in size. Data provided includes: general reg-
isters (r0-r31), control registers (cr0-cr31), space registers
(sr0-sr7), IIA space tail, IIA offset tail, HV dependent word, CPU
pdc(PDC_PIM, PDC_PIM_TOC, offset, ptr, count)
Get TOC (Transfer Of Control) data from offset in PIM into a ptr
memory area of no more than count bytes in size. Data provided
includes: general registers (r0-r31), control registers (cr0-cr31),
space registers (sr0-sr7), IIA space tail, IIA offset tail, HV
dependent word, CPU state.
Prepare for power fail. On the machines that provide power failure
interrupts, this function is to be called after the operating system
has completed shutdown(8) to finish system-dependent tasks and power
down. This function only requires 512 bytes of stack.
Stop the currently executing processor and also disable bus
requestorship, disable interrupts, and exclude the processor from
cache coherency protocols. The caller must flush any necessary data
from the cache before calling this function.
Enter the reset rendezvous code on the current processor. This
function is only implemented on category B processors and implemen-
tation is optional on category A processors.
pdc(PDC_PSW, PDC_PSW_GETMASK, ptr)
Get the mask of default bits implemented into a word pointed to by
the ptr argument. The following mask values are possible:
1 Default endianness bit is available.
2 Default word width bit is available.
pdc(PDC_PSW, PDC_PSW_DEFAULTS, ptr)
Retrieve the default PSW bits into the word pointed to by the ptr
pdc(PDC_PSW, PDC_PSW_SETDEFAULTS, bits)
Set the default PSW bits.
pdc(PDC_SOFT_POWER, PDC_SOFT_POWER_INFO, ptr)
Retrieve ``power'' register address into the word pointed to by the
ptr argument. Bit-0 in the ``power'' register address being set
specifies the power button being depressed. No dampening is
required, unlike with the hppa/lasi(4) power circuit.
pdc(PDC_SOFT_POWER, PDC_SOFT_POWER_ENABLE, ptr, stat)
Enable (zero stat) or disable (non-zero stat) the soft power func-
tion, where disable means the machine will turn immediately off
should the power get depressed. The ptr argument still points to
the data provided previously by the PDC_SOFT_POWER_INFO call.
pdc(PDC_STABLE, PDC_STABLE_READ, offset, ptr, count)
Read contents of the ``Stable Storage'' at offset into the memory
area pointed to by the ptr argument of no more than count bytes.
The format of the stable storage is as follows:
offset size contents
0x0000 0x20 primary bootpath
0x0020 0x20 reserved
0x0040 0x02 OS ID
0x0042 0x16 OS dependent
0x0058 0x02 diagnostic
0x005a 0x03 reserved
0x005d 0x02 OS dependent
0x005f 0x01 fast size
0x0060 0x20 console path
0x0080 0x20 alternative boot path
0x00a0 0x20 keyboard path
0x00c0 0x20 reserved
0x00e0 size OS dependent
The ``OS ID'' field may have the following values:
0x000 No OS-dependent info
0x005 Novell Netware
The ``fast size'' field is the amount of memory to be tested upon
system boot and is a power of two multiplier for 256KB. Values of
0xe and 0xf are reserved.
pdc(PDC_STABLE, PDC_STABLE_WRITE, address, ptr, count)
Write data pointed to by the ptr argument of count bytes at address
in the ``Stable Storage''.
pdc(PDC_STABLE, PDC_STABLE_SIZE, ptr)
Put the size of the ``Stable Storage'' into the word pointed to by
the ptr argument.
pdc(PDC_STABLE, PDC_STABLE_VRFY, ptr)
Verify that the contents of the ``Stable Storage'' are valid.
pdc(PDC_STABLE, PDC_STABLE_INIT, ptr)
Reset the contents of the ``Stable Storage'' to zeroes.
pdc(PDC_SYSMAP, PDC_SYSMAP_FIND, ptr, path, number)
Map module number into HPA and also provide an area size starting at
HPA and a number of additional addresses placed into the data area
pointed to by the ptr argument words one, two, and three, respec-
tively. The device path is placed into the data area pointed to by
the path argument.
pdc(PDC_SYSMAP, PDC_SYSMAP_ADDR, ptr, im, ia)
Retrieve a list of additional addresses for the module number im for
the address index ia. The result is placed into the data area
pointed to by ptr, where the first word gives the address and the
second the size of the area.
pdc(PDC_SYSMAP, PDC_SYSMAP_HPA, ptr, path_ptr)
Map device path_ptr into device's HPA placed into a word pointed to
by the ptr argument.
pdc(PDC_TLB, PDC_TLB_INFO, ptr)
Retrieve the hardware TLB handler parameters. This includes a mini-
mal and maximal size for the page table, in bytes, stored into words
zero and one, respectively, in the data area pointed to by the ptr
pdc(PDC_TLB, PDC_TLB_CONFIG, ptr, base, size, param)
Configure the hardware TLB miss handler given the same parameters
fetched previously with PDC_TLB_INFO into data area pointed to by
the ptr and page table base address, page table size, and handler
parameters param. The hardware TLB handler parameter bits are as
1 Enable the hardware TLB miss handler. The default is to load
cr28 with the faulted page table entry address.
4 Pointer to the next page table entry is put into cr28.
6 Next pointer field of the page table entry is put into cr28.
Resetting the page table address and/or size without disabling the
hardware TLB miss handler is allowed. Any changes made are immedi-
ate upon Code or Data virtual address translation bits are set in
pdc(PDC_TOD, PDC_TOD_READ, ptr)
Read the TOD, which is a UNIX Epoch time, into the data area pointed
to by the ptr argument. That includes seconds in the first word and
microseconds in the second.
pdc(PDC_TOD, PDC_TOD_WRITE, sec, usec)
Write TOD with UNIX Epoch time with sec seconds and usec microsec-
pdc(PDC_TOD, PDC_TOD_ITIMER, ptr)
Get TOD and CPU timer accuracy into the data location pointed to by
the ptr argument. The first two words specify a double floating-
point value giving CPU timer frequency. The next two words provide
accuracy in parts per billion for the TOD and CPU timer, respec-
machine/pdc.h C header file with relevant definitions.
/sys/arch/hppa/dev/cpudevs System components' version numbers.
/dev/console System console device.
Upon successful completion all procedures return zero. The following
error codes are returned in case of failures:
PDC_ERR_NOPROC No such procedure
PDC_ERR_NOPT No such option
PDC_ERR_COMPL Unable to complete without error
PDC_ERR_EOD No such device
PDC_ERR_INVAL Invalid argument
PDC_ERR_PFAIL Aborted by powerfail
hppa/intro(4), hppa/io(4), hppa/lasi(4)
Hewlett-Packard, PA-RISC 1.1 Firmware Architecture Reference
Specification, March 8, 1999.
Hewlett-Packard, PA-RISC 2.0 Firmware Architecture Reference
Specification, March 7, 1999.
NetBSD 9.99 February 17, 2017 NetBSD 9.99