cpu(4) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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CPU(4)               NetBSD/hppa Kernel Interfaces Manual               CPU(4)


NAME
cpu -- HP PA-RISC CPU
SYNOPSIS
cpu* at mainbus0 irq 31
DESCRIPTION
The following table lists the PA-RISC CPU types and their characteris- tics, such as TLB, maximum cache sizes and HP 9000/700 machines they were used in (see also hppa/intro(4) for the reverse list). tab (:) ; l l l l l l l l l l l l l l _ _ _ _ _ _ _ l l l l l l l . CPU:PA:Clock:Caches:TLB:BTLB:Models : :(max):(max) : : : : : MHz : KB : : : 7000:1.1a:66 : 256 L1I:96I:4 I:705,710,720 : : : 256 L1D:96D:4 D:730,750 7100:1.1b:100:1024 L1I:120:16:715/33/50/75 : : :2048 L1D: : :725/50/75 : : : : : :{735,755}/100 : : : : : :742i, 745i, 747i 7150:1.1b:125:1024 L1I:120:16:{735,755}/125 : : :2048 L1D: : : 7100LC:1.1c:100: 1 L1I:64:8:712/60/80/100 : : :1024 L2I: : :715/64/80/100 : : :1024 L2D: : :715/100XC : : : : : :725/64/100 : : : : : :743i, 748i : : : : : :SAIC 7200:1.1d:140: 2 L1 :120:16:C100,C110 : : :1024 L2I: : :J200,J210 : : :1024 L2D: : : 7300LC:1.1e:180: 64 L1I:96:8:A180,A180C : : : 64 L1D: : :B132,B160,B180 : : :8192 L2: : :C132L,C160L : : : : : :744, 745, 748 : : : : : :RDI PrecisioBook
FLOATING-POINT COPROCESSOR
The following table summarizes available floating-point coprocessor mod- els for the 32-bit PA-RISC processors. tab (:) ; l l _ _ l l . FPU:Model Indigo: Sterling I MIU (TYCO): Ster- ling I MIU (ROC w/Weitek): FPC (w/Weitek): FPC (w/Bit): Timex-II: Rolex:725/50, 745i HARP-I: Tornado:J2x0,C1x0 PA-50 (Hitachi): PCXL:712/60/80/100
SUPERSCALAR EXECUTION
The following table summarizes the superscalar execution capabilities of 32-bit PA-RISC processors. nokeep tab (:) ; l l l _ _ _ l l l . CPU:Units:Bundles 7100:1 integer ALU:load-store/fp :1 FP :int/fp : :branch/* 7100LC:2 integer ALU:load-store/int :1 FP :load-store/fp : :int/fp : :branch/* 7200:2 integer ALU:load-store/int :1 FP :load-store/fp : :int/int : :int/fp : :branch/* 7300LC:2 integer ALU:load-store/int :1 FP :load-store/fp : :int/fp : :branch/* In conclusion, all of the above CPUs are dual-issue, or 2-way super- scalar, with the exception that on CPUs with two integer ALUs only one of these units is capable of doing shift, load/store, and test operations. Additionally, there are several kinds of restrictions placed upon the superscalar execution: For the purpose of showing which instructions are allowed to proceed together through the pipeline, they are divided into classes: tab (:) ; l l _ _ l l . Class:Description flop:floating point operation ldst:loads and stores flex:integer ALU mm:shifts, extracts and deposits nul:might nullify successor bv:BV, BE br:other branches fsys:FTEST and FP status/exception sys:system control instructions For CPUs with two integer ALUs (7100LC, 7200, 7300LC), the following ta- ble lists the instructions which are allowed to be executed concurrently: tab (:) ; l l _ _ l l . First:Second instruction flop: + ldst/flex/mm/nul/bv/br ldst: + flop/flex/mm/nul/br flex: + flop/ldst/flex/mm/nul/br/fsys mm: + flop/ldst/flex/fsys nul: + flop sys: never bundled ldst + ldst is also possible under certain circumstances, which is then called "double word load/store". The following restrictions are placed upon the superscalar execution: An instruction that modifies a register will not be bundled with another instruction that takes this register as operand. Exception: a flop can be bundled with an FP store of the flop's result register. An FP load to one word of a doubleword register will not be bundled with a flop that uses the other doubleword of this register. A flop will not be bundled with an FP load if both instructions have the same target register. An instruction that could set the carry/borrow bits will not be bun- dled with an instruction that uses carry/borrow bits. An instruction which is in the delay slot of a branch is never bun- dled with other instructions. An instruction which is at an odd word address and executed as a tar- get of a taken branch is never bundled. An instruction which might nullify its successor is never bundled with this successor. Only if the successor is a flop instruction is this bundle allowed.
PERFORMANCE MONITOR COPROCESSOR
The performance monitor coprocessor is an optional, implementation-depen- dent coprocessor which provides a minimal common software interface to implementation-dependent performance monitor hardware.
DEBUG SPECIAL UNIT
The debug special function unit is an optional, architected SFU which provides hardware assistance for software debugging using breakpoints. The debug SFU is currently defined only for Level 0 processors.
SEE ALSO
hppa/asp(4), hppa/intro(4), hppa/lasi(4), hppa/mem(4), hppa/wax(4) PA-RISC Information Resource: http://www.openpa.net/ Hewlett-Packard, PA-RISC 1.1 Architecture and Instruction Set Reference Manual, May 15, 1996. Hewlett-Packard, PA7100LC ERS, Public version 1.0, March 30 1999. Hewlett-Packard Journal, Design of the PA7200 CPU, February 1996. Hewlett-Packard, PA7300LC ERS, Version 1.0, March 18 1996.
HISTORY
The cpu driver was written by Michael Shalayeff <mickey@openbsd.org> for the HPPA port for OpenBSD 2.5. It was ported to NetBSD 1.6 by Matthew Fredette. NetBSD 9.99 February 17, 2017 NetBSD 9.99
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