genfs_rename(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

Command: Section: Arch: Collection:  
GENFS_RENAME(9)        NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual        GENFS_RENAME(9)


NAME
genfs_rename, genfs_insane_rename, genfs_sane_rename -- generic framework for implementing VOP_RENAME(9)
SYNOPSIS
int genfs_insane_rename(struct vop_rename_args *v, int (*sane_rename)(struct vnode *fdvp, struct componentname *fcnp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct componentname *tcnp, kauth_cred_t, bool)); int genfs_sane_rename(const struct genfs_rename_ops *gro, struct vnode *fdvp, struct componentname *fcnp, void *fde, struct vnode *tdvp, struct componentname *tcnp, void *tde, kauth_cred_t cred, bool posixly_correct); int genfs_rename_knote(struct vnode *fdvp, struct vnode *fvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct vnode *tvp); void genfs_rename_cache_purge(struct vnode *fdvp, struct vnode *fvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct vnode *tvp); int genfs_ufslike_rename_check_possible(unsigned long fdflags, unsigned long fflags, unsigned long tdflags, unsigned long tflags, bool clobber, unsigned long immutable, unsigned long append); int genfs_ufslike_rename_check_permitted(kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *fdvp, mode_t fdmode, uid_t fduid, struct vnode *fvp, uid_t fuid, struct vnode *tdvp, mode_t tdmode, uid_t tduid, struct vnode *tvp, uid_t tuid); int genfs_ufslike_remove_check_possible(unsigned long dflags, unsigned long flags, unsigned long immutable, unsigned long append); int genfs_ufslike_remove_check_permitted(kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *dvp, mode_t dmode, uid_t duid, struct vnode *vp, uid_t uid);
DESCRIPTION
The genfs_rename functions provide a file-system-independent framework for implementing VOP_RENAME(9) with correct locking and error-checking. Implementing rename is nontrivial. If you are doing it for a new file system, you should consider starting from tmpfs_rename() as implemented in sys/fs/tmpfs/tmpfs_rename.c and adapting it to your file system's physical operations. Because there are so many moving parts to a rename operation, genfs_rename uses the following naming conventions: mp (mount point) mount point of the file system in question fdvp (from directory vnode pointer) directory from which we are removing an entry fcnp (from componentname pointer) name of entry to remove from fdvp fde (from directory entry) fs-specific data about the entry in fdvp fvp (from vnode pointer) file at the entry named fcnp in fdvp tdvp (to directory vnode pointer) directory to which we are adding an entry tcnp (to componentname pointer) name of entry to add to tdvp tde (to directory entry) fs-specific data about the entry in tdvp tvp (to vnode pointer) file previously at the entry named tcnp in tdvp, to be replaced, if any, or NULL if there was no entry before vp (vnode pointer) any file dvp (directory vnode pointer) any directory with an entry for vp A file system mumblefs should implement various file-system-dependent parts of the rename operation in a struct genfs_rename_ops, and use genfs_rename to implement mumblefs_rename() for VOP_RENAME(9) as follows: static const struct genfs_rename_ops mumblefs_genfs_rename_ops; static int mumblefs_sane_rename( struct vnode *fdvp, struct componentname *fcnp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct componentname *tcnp, kauth_cred_t cred, bool posixly_correct) { struct mumblefs_lookup_results fulr, tulr; return genfs_sane_rename(&mumblefs_genfs_rename_ops, fdvp, fcnp, &fulr, tdvp, tcnp, &tulr, cred, posixly_correct); } int mumblefs_rename(void *v) { return genfs_insane_rename(v, &mumblefs_sane_rename); } The split between mumblefs_rename() and mumblefs_sane_rename() is designed to enable us to easily change the VOP_RENAME(9) interface, which is currently designed for a broken (hence `insane') locking scheme, to a more sensible locking scheme once all the file systems have their rename operations split up thus. The struct mumblefs_lookup_results structure is storage for information about directory entries which needs to pass from the lookups of the chil- dren (see the gro_lookup member of struct genfs_rename_ops) to the physi- cal on-disk rename or remove operations (see the gro_rename and gro_remove members of struct genfs_rename_ops). Callers must implement the following operations as members in a struct genfs_rename_ops structure passed to genfs_rename: int (*gro_genealogy)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *fdvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct vnode **intermediate_node_ret) Walk up the directory tree from the directory vnode tdvp until hitting either fdvp or the root. If fdvp is hit, store the child of fdvp through which the path from tdvp passed in *intermediate_node_ret, referenced but unlocked. If fdvp is not hit, store NULL in *intermediate_node_ret. Return zero on suc- cess or error on failure. (Failure means file-system-specific failures, not hitting or missing fdvp.) fdvp and tdvp are guaranteed to be distinct, nonnull, referenced, and unlocked. Since no locks are held on entry except for the file-system-wide rename lock, gro_genealogy may take any locks it pleases. int (*gro_lock_directory)(struct mount *mp, struct vnode *vp) Lock the directory vnode vp, but fail if it has been rmdired already. Return zero on success or error on failure. int (*gro_lookup)(struct mount *mp, struct vnode *dvp, struct componentname *cnp, void *de, struct vnode **vpp) Look up the entry in dvp for cnp, storing the vnode in *vpp and using de, one of the pointers passed to genfs_sane_rename, to store information about the directory entry as needed by the file system's gro_rename operation, and return zero. If there is no such entry, return error. dvp is guaranteed to be locked, and the vnode returned in *vpp must be unlocked. However, gro_lookup may temporarily lock the vnode without causing deadlock. bool (*gro_directory_empty_p)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *vp, struct vnode *dvp) Return true if the directory vnode vp is empty. The argument dvp is the parent of vp, as required for this check by some file sys- tems. dvp and vp are guaranteed to be distinct, nonnull, referenced, and locked. int (*gro_rename_check_possible)(struct mount *mp, struct vnode *fdvp, struct vnode *fvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct vnode *tvp) Return zero if the file system might allow the rename independent of credentials, or error if not. This should check, for example, any immutability flags in the vnodes in question, and should use genfs_ufslike_rename_check_possible() for file systems similar to UFS/FFS. fdvp and tdvp may be the same; every other pair of vnodes is guaranteed to be distinct. tvp may be NULL; every other vnode is guaranteed to be nonnull. All three or four vnodes are guaran- teed to be referenced and locked. int (*gro_rename_check_permitted)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *fdvp, struct vnode *fvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct vnode *tvp) Return zero if the file system allows the rename given the cre- dentials cred, or error if not. This should check, for example, the ownership and permissions bits of the vnodes in question, and should use genfs_ufslike_rename_check_permitted() for file sys- tems similar to UFS/FFS. fdvp and tdvp may be the same; every other pair of vnodes is guaranteed to be distinct. tvp may be NULL; every other vnode is guaranteed to be nonnull. All three or four vnodes are guaran- teed to be referenced and locked. int (*gro_rename)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *fdvp, struct componentname *fcnp, void *fde, struct vnode *fvp, struct vnode *tdvp, struct componentname *tcnp, void *tde, struct vnode *tvp) Perform the physical file system rename operation, report any knotes, and purge the namecache entries. Return zero on success or error on failure. All file-system-independent error cases have been handled already. File systems using fstrans(9) should use fstrans_start(9) and fstrans_done(9) here. fde and tde are the pointers that were supplied to genfs_sane_rename() and got passed to the gro_lookup operation to find information about directory entries. This may use genfs_rename_knote() to report any knotes, if the various file-system-dependent routines it uses to edit links don't do that already. This should use genfs_rename_cache_purge() to purge the namecache. fdvp and tdvp may be the same; every other pair of vnodes is guaranteed to be distinct. tvp may be null; every other vnode is guaranteed to be nonnull. All three or four vnodes are guaran- teed to be referenced and locked. int (*gro_remove_check_possible)(struct mount *mp, struct vnode *dvp, struct vnode *vp) Return zero if the file system might allow removing an entry in dvp for vp independent of credentials, or error if not. This should use genfs_ufslike_remove_check_possible() for file systems similar to UFS/FFS. dvp and vp are guaranteed to be distinct, nonnull, referenced, and locked. This, and gro_remove_check_permitted below, are for renames that reduce to a remove; that is, renaming one entry to another when both entries refer to the same file. For reasons of locking insanity, genfs_rename cannot simply call VOP_REMOVE(9) instead. int (*gro_remove_check_permitted)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *dvp, struct vnode *vp) Return zero if the file system allows removing an entry in dvp for vp given the credentials cred, or error if not. This should use genfs_ufslike_remove_check_permitted() for file systems simi- lar to UFS/FFS. dvp and vp are guaranteed to be distinct, nonnull, referenced, and locked. int (*gro_remove)(struct mount *mp, kauth_cred_t cred, struct vnode *dvp, struct componentname *cnp, void *de, struct vnode *vp) For a rename that is effectively a remove, perform the physical file system remove operation, report any knotes, and purge the namecache entries. Return zero on success or error on failure. All file-system-independent error cases have been handled already. File systems using fstrans(9) should use fstrans_start(9) and fstrans_done(9) here. de is one of the pointers that were sup- plied to genfs_sane_rename() and got passed to the gro_lookup operation to find information about directory entries. This should signal a NOTE_WRITE knote for dvp, and either a NOTE_DELETE or a NOTE_LINK knote for vp, depending on whether this removed the last link to it or not. dvp and vp are guaranteed to be distinct, nonnull, referenced, and locked. The following utilities are provided for implementing the struct genfs_rename_ops operations: genfs_rename_knote(fdvp, fvp, tdvp, tvp) Signal all the knotes relevant for the rename operation. genfs_rename_cache_purge(fdvp, fvp, tdvp, tvp) Purge any namecache entries that the rename operation invali- dates. genfs_ufslike_rename_check_possible(fdflags, fflags, tdflags, tflags, clobber, immutable, append) Check whether the UFS/FFS-like flags of the files involved a rename allow it. Return zero if allowed or error if not. fdflags flags of source directory fflags flags of source file tdflags flags of target directory tflags flags of target file, if there is one and clobber is true, or ignored otherwise clobber true if there is a target file whose entry will be clobbered or false if not immutable bit mask for the file system's immutable bit, like the UFS/FFS IMMUTABLE append bit mask for the file system's append-only bit, like the UFS/FFS APPEND genfs_ufslike_rename_check_permitted(cred, fdvp, fdmode, fduid, fvp, fuid, tdvp, tdmode, tduid, tvp, tuid) Check whether the credentials cred are permitted by the file own- ership and permissions bits to perform a rename. Return zero if permitted or error if not. cred caller's credentials fdvp source directory fdmode file permissions bits of fdvp fduid uid of the owner of fdvp fvp source file fuid uid of owner of fvp tdvp target directory tdmode file permissions bits of tdvp tduid uid of owner of tdvp tvp target file, if there is one, or NULL if not tuid uid of owner of tvp, if there is a target file, or ignored otherwise genfs_ufslike_remove_check_possible(dflags, flags, immutable, append) Check whether the UFS/FFS-like flags of the files involved a remove allow it. Return zero if allowed or error if not. dflags flags of the directory flags flags of the file in the directory immutable bit mask for the file system's immutable bit, like the UFS/FFS IMMUTABLE append bit mask for the file system's append-only bit, like the UFS/FFS APPEND genfs_ufslike_remove_check_permitted(cred, dvp, dmode, duid, vp, uid) Check whether the credentials cred are permitted by the file own- ership and permissions bits to perform a remove. Return zero if permitted or error if not. cred caller's credentials dvp directory dmode file permissions bits of dvp duid uid of owner of dvp vp file in dvp uid uid of owner of vp
NOTES
Because there are so many cases of rename, it cannot be assumed a priori that any pairs of fdvp, fvp, tdvp, or fvp are distinct: fdvp = fvp rename("a/.", "b") fdvp = tdvp rename("a/b", "a/c") fdvp = tvp rename("a/b", "a") fvp = tdvp rename("a", "a/b") fvp = tvp rename("a", "a") tdvp = tvp rename("a", "b/.") Handling all these cases correctly, and getting the locking correct and deadlock-free, is very tricky, which is why genfs_rename exists. The interface to genfs_rename is very complicated because it must fit the insane VOP_RENAME(9) and VOP_LOOKUP(9) protocols until we can fix them, and because it must accommodate a variety of crufty file systems.
SEE ALSO
genfs(9), vfs(9), vnodeops(9)
HISTORY
genfs_rename was designed and implemented by Taylor R. Campbell <riastradh@NetBSD.org> after many discussions with David Holland <dholland@NetBSD.org>, and first appeared in NetBSD 6.0. NetBSD 9.99 May 1, 2013 NetBSD 9.99
Powered by man-cgi (2021-06-01). Maintained for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen. Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.