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CHGRP(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual CHGRP(1)
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chgrp -- change group
chgrp [-R [-H | -L | -P]] [-dfhv] group file ...
chgrp [-R [-H | -L | -P]] [-dfhv] --reference=rfile file ...
The chgrp utility sets the group ID of the file named by each file oper-
and to the group ID specified by the group operand, or to the group of
the given rfile, specified by the --reference argument.
-H If the -R option is specified, symbolic links on the command line
are followed. (Symbolic links encountered in the tree traversal
are not followed.)
-L If the -R option is specified, all symbolic links are followed.
-P If the -R option is specified, no symbolic links are followed.
-R Change the group ID for the file hierarchies rooted in the files
instead of just the files themselves.
-d Do not attempt to update a file's group, nor update the file's
set-user-id or set-group-id bits if they are already set to the
-f The force option ignores errors, except for usage errors and
doesn't query about strange modes (unless the user does not have
-h If file is a symbolic link, the group of the link is changed.
-v Cause chgrp to be verbose, showing files as they are processed.
If -h is not given, unless the -H or -L option is set, chgrp on a sym-
bolic link always succeeds and has no effect. The -H, -L and -P options
are ignored unless the -R option is specified. In addition, these
options override each other and the command's actions are determined by
the last one specified. The default is as if the -P option had been
The group operand can be either a group name from the group database, or
a numeric group ID. Since it is valid to have a group name that is
numeric (and doesn't have the numeric ID that matches its name) the name
lookup is always done first. Preceding the ID with a ``#'' character
will force it to be taken as a number.
The user invoking chgrp must belong to the specified group and be the
owner of the file, or be the super-user.
Unless invoked by the super-user, chgrp clears the set-user-id and set-
group-id bits on a file to prevent accidental or mischievous creation of
set-user-id or set-group-id programs.
/etc/group Group ID file
The chgrp utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
chown(2), lchown(2), fts(3), group(5), passwd(5), symlink(7), chown(8)
The chgrp utility is expected to be POSIX 1003.2 compatible.
The -v and -d options and the use of ``#'' to force a numeric group ID
are extensions to IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'').
NetBSD 10.99 May 19, 2023 NetBSD 10.99