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DMSETUP(8)                   MAINTENANCE COMMANDS                   DMSETUP(8)

dmsetup - low level logical volume management
dmsetup help [-c|-C|--columns] dmsetup create device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> | ta- ble_file] dmsetup remove [-f|--force] device_name dmsetup remove_all [-f|--force] dmsetup suspend [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name dmsetup resume device_name dmsetup load device_name [--table <table> | table_file] dmsetup clear device_name dmsetup reload device_name [--table <table> | table_file] dmsetup rename device_name new_name dmsetup message device_name sector message dmsetup ls [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o options]] dmsetup info [device_name] dmsetup info -c|-C|--columns [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o fields] [-O|--sort sort_fields] [device_name] dmsetup deps [device_name] dmsetup status [--target target_type] [device_name] dmsetup table [--target target_type] [device_name] dmsetup wait device_name [event_nr] dmsetup mknodes [device_name] dmsetup targets dmsetup version dmsetup setgeometry device_name cyl head sect start devmap_name major minor devmap_name major:minor
dmsetup manages logical devices that use the device-mapper driver. Devices are created by loading a table that specifies a target for each sector (512 bytes) in the logical device. The first argument to dmsetup is a command. The second argument is the logical device name or uuid. Invoking the command as devmap_name is equivalent to dmsetup info -c --noheadings -j major -m minor.
-c|-C|--columns Display output in columns rather than as Field: Value lines. -j|--major major Specify the major number. -m|--minor minor Specify the minor number. -n|--noheadings Suppress the headings line when using columnar output. --noopencount Tell the kernel not to supply the open reference count for the device. --notable When creating a device, don't load any table. -o|--options Specify which fields to display. -r|--readonly Set the table being loaded read-only. --readahead [+]<sectors>|auto|none Specify read ahead size in units of sectors. The default value is "auto" which allows the kernel to choose a suitable value automatically. The + prefix lets you specify a minimum value which will not be used if it is smaller than the value chosen by the kernel. "None" is equivalent to specifying zero. --table <table> Specify a one-line table directly on the command line. -u|--uuid Specify the uuid. -v|--verbose [-v|--verbose] Produce additional output. --version Display the library and kernel driver version.
create device_name [-u uuid] [--notable | --table <table> | table_file] Creates a device with the given name. If table_file or <table> is supplied, the table is loaded and made live. Otherwise a ta- ble is read from standard input unless --notable is used. The optional uuid can be used in place of device_name in subsequent dmsetup commands. If successful a device will appear as /dev/device-mapper/<device-name>. See below for information on the table format. deps [device_name] Outputs a list of (major, minor) pairs for devices referenced by the live table for the specified device. help [-c|-C|--columns] Outputs a summary of the commands available, optionally includ- ing the list of report fields. info [device_name] Outputs some brief information about the device in the form: State: SUSPENDED|ACTIVE, READ-ONLY Tables present: LIVE and/or INACTIVE Open reference count Last event sequence number (used by wait) Major and minor device number Number of targets in the live table UUID info [--noheadings] [--separator separator] [-o fields] [-O|--sort sort_fields] [device_name] Output you can customise. Fields are comma-separated and chosen from the following list: name, major, minor, attr, open, seg- ments, events, uuid. Attributes are: (L)ive, (I)nactive, (s)uspended, (r)ead-only, read-(w)rite. Precede the list with '+' to append to the default selection of columns instead of replacing it. Precede any sort_field with - for a reverse sort on that column. ls [--target target_type] [--exec command] [--tree [-o options]] List device names. Optionally only list devices that have at least one target of the specified type. Optionally execute a command for each device. The device name is appended to the supplied command. --tree displays dependencies between devices as a tree. It accepts a comma-separate list of options. Some specify the information displayed against each node: device/nodevice; active, open, rw, uuid. Others specify how the tree is displayed: ascii, utf, vt100; compact, inverted, notrunc. load|reload device_name [--table <table> | table_file] Loads <table> or table_file into the inactive table slot for device_name. If neither is supplied, reads a table from stan- dard input. message device_name sector message Send message to target. If sector not needed use 0. mknodes [device_name] Ensure that the node in /dev/mapper for device_name is correct. If no device_name is supplied, ensure that all nodes in /dev/mapper correspond to mapped devices currently loaded by the device-mapper kernel driver, adding, changing or removing nodes as necessary. remove [-f|--force] device_name Removes a device. It will no longer be visible to dmsetup. Open devices cannot be removed except with older kernels that contain a version of device-mapper prior to 4.8.0. In this case the device will be deleted when its open_count drops to zero. From version 4.8.0 onwards, if a device can't be removed because an uninterruptible process is waiting for I/O to return from it, adding --force will replace the table with one that fails all I/O, which might allow the process to be killed. remove_all [-f|--force] Attempts to remove all device definitions i.e. reset the driver. Use with care! From version 4.8.0 onwards, if devices can't be removed because uninterruptible processes are waiting for I/O to return from them, adding --force will replace the table with one that fails all I/O, which might allow the process to be killed. This also runs mknodes afterwards. rename device_name new_name Renames a device. resume device_name Un-suspends a device. If an inactive table has been loaded, it becomes live. Postponed I/O then gets re-queued for processing. setgeometry device_name cyl head sect start Sets the device geometry to C/H/S. status [--target target_type] [device_name] Outputs status information for each of the device's targets. With --target, only information relating to the specified target type is displayed. suspend [--nolockfs] [--noflush] device_name Suspends a device. Any I/O that has already been mapped by the device but has not yet completed will be flushed. Any further I/O to that device will be postponed for as long as the device is suspended. If there's a filesystem on the device which sup- ports the operation, an attempt will be made to sync it first unless --nolockfs is specified. Some targets such as recent (October 2006) versions of multipath may support the --noflush option. This lets outstanding I/O that has not yet reached the device to remain unflushed. table [--target target_type] [device_name] Outputs the current table for the device in a format that can be fed back in using the create or load commands. With --target, only information relating to the specified target type is dis- played. targets Displays the names and versions of the currently-loaded targets. version Outputs version information. wait device_name [event_nr] Sleeps until the event counter for device_name exceeds event_nr. Use -v to see the event number returned. To wait until the next event is triggered, use info to find the last event number.
Each line of the table specifies a single target and is of the form: logical_start_sector num_sectors target_type target_args There are currently three simple target types available together with more complex optional ones that implement snapshots and mirrors. linear destination_device start_sector The traditional linear mapping. striped num_stripes chunk_size [destination start_sector]+ Creates a striped area. e.g. striped 2 32 /dev/hda1 0 /dev/hdb1 0 will map the first chunk (16k) as follows: LV chunk 1 -> hda1, chunk 1 LV chunk 2 -> hdb1, chunk 1 LV chunk 3 -> hda1, chunk 2 LV chunk 4 -> hdb1, chunk 2 etc. error Errors any I/O that goes to this area. Useful for testing or for creating devices with holes in them.
# A table to join two disks together 0 1028160 linear /dev/hda 0 1028160 3903762 linear /dev/hdb 0 # A table to stripe across the two disks, # and add the spare space from # hdb to the back of the volume 0 2056320 striped 2 32 /dev/hda 0 /dev/hdb 0 2056320 2875602 linear /dev/hdb 1028160
DM_DEV_DIR The device directory name. Defaults to "/dev" and must be an absolute path.
Original version: Joe Thornber (
Device-mapper resource page: Linux Apr 06 2006 DMSETUP(8)
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