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PCI_INTR(9) NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual PCI_INTR(9)
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by Kimmo Suominen.
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pci_intr, pci_intr_map, pci_intr_string, pci_intr_evcnt,
pci_intr_establish, pci_intr_establish_xname, pci_intr_disestablish,
pci_intr_setattr -- PCI bus interrupt manipulation functions
pci_intr_map(const struct pci_attach_args *pa, pci_intr_handle_t *ih);
const char *
pci_intr_string(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih, char *buf,
const struct evcnt *
pci_intr_evcnt(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih);
pci_intr_establish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih, int ipl,
int (*intrhand)(void *), void *intrarg);
pci_intr_establish_xname(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t ih,
int ipl, int (*intrhand)(void *), void *intrarg, const char *xname);
pci_intr_disestablish(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, void *ih);
pci_intr_setattr(pci_chipset_tag_t pc, pci_intr_handle_t *ih, int attr,
The pci_intr functions exist to allow device drivers machine-independent
access to PCI bus interrupts. The functions described in this page are
typically declared in a port's <machine/pci_machdep.h> header file; how-
ever, drivers should generally include <dev/pci/pcivar.h> to get other
PCI-specific declarations as well.
Each driver has an attach() function which has a bus-specific attach_args
structure. Each driver for a PCI device is passed a pointer to an object
of type struct pci_attach_args which contains, among other things, infor-
mation about the location of the device in the PCI bus topology suffi-
cient to allow interrupts from the device to be handled.
If a driver wishes to establish an interrupt handler for the device, it
should pass the struct pci_attach_args * to the pci_intr_map() function,
which returns zero on success, and nonzero on failure. The function sets
the pci_intr_handle_t pointed at by its second argument to a machine-
dependent value which identifies a particular interrupt source.
If the driver wishes to refer to the interrupt source in an attach or
error message, it should use the value returned by pci_intr_string().
The buffer passed to pci_intr_string() should be at least PCI_INTRSTR_LEN
Subsequently, when the driver is prepared to receive interrupts, it
should call pci_intr_establish() to actually establish the handler; when
the device interrupts, intrhand will be called with a single argument
intrarg, and will run at the interrupt priority level ipl.
The return value of pci_intr_establish() may be saved and passed to
pci_intr_disestablish() to disable the interrupt handler when the driver
is no longer interested in interrupts from the device.
pci_intr_establish_xname() is almost the same as pci_intr_establish().
The difference is only xname which is used by intrctl(8) to show the
device name(s) of the interrupt id.
The pci_intr_setattr() function sets an attribute attr of the interrupt
handler to data. Currenty, only the following attribute is supported:
PCI_INTR_MPSAFE If this attribute is set to true, it specifies that the
interrupt handler is multiprocessor safe and works its
own locking; otherwise the kernel lock will be held for
the call to the interrupt handler. The default is
The pci_intr_setattr() function returns zero on success, and nonzero on
The pci_intr_evcnt() function should return an evcnt structure pointer or
NULL if there is no evcnt associated with this interrupt. See evcnt(9)
for more details.
A port's implementation of pci_intr_map() may use the following members
of struct pci_attach_args to determine how the device's interrupts are
pcitag_t pa_intrtag; /* intr. appears to come from here */
pci_intr_pin_t pa_intrpin; /* intr. appears on this pin */
pci_intr_line_t pa_intrline; /* intr. routing information */
pci_intr_pin_t pa_rawintrpin; /* unswizzled pin */
PCI-PCI bridges swizzle (permute) interrupt wiring. Depending on imple-
mentation details, it may be more convenient to use either original or
the swizzled interrupt parameters. The original device tag and interrupt
pin can be found in pa_tag and pa_rawintrpin respectively, while the
swizzled tag and pin can be found in pa_intrtag and pa_intrpin.
When a device is attached to a primary bus, both pairs of fields contain
the same values. When a device is found behind one or more pci-pci
bridges, pa_intrpin contains the ``swizzled'' interrupt pin number, while
pa_rawintrpin contains the original interrupt pin; pa_tag contains the
PCI tag of the device itself, and pa_intrtag contains the PCI tag of the
uppermost bridge device.
evcnt(9), pci(9), pci_msi(9)
pci_intr_establish_xname() was added in NetBSD 8.0 as part of MSI/MSI-X
NetBSD 9.3 September 20, 2018 NetBSD 9.3