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GPIOCTL(8) NetBSD System Manager's Manual GPIOCTL(8)
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gpioctl -- control GPIO devices
gpioctl [-qs] device
gpioctl [-q] device attach device offset mask [flag]
gpioctl [-qs] device pin [0 | 1 | 2]
gpioctl [-qs] device pin [on | off | toggle]
gpioctl [-q] device pin set [flags] [name]
gpioctl [-q] device pin unset
The gpioctl program allows manipulation of GPIO (General Purpose
Input/Output) device pins. Such devices can be either part of the
chipset or embedded CPU, or a separate chip. The usual way of using GPIO
is to connect some simple devices such as LEDs and 1-wire thermal sensors
to its pins.
Each GPIO device has an associated device file in the /dev directory.
device can be specified with or without the /dev prefix. For example,
/dev/gpio0 or gpio0.
GPIO pins can be either ``read'' or ``written'' with the values of logi-
cal 0 or 1. If only a pin number is specified on the command line, the
pin state will be read from the GPIO controller and displayed. To write
to a pin, a value must be specified after the pin number. Values can be
either 0 or 1. A value of 2 ``toggles'' the pin, i.e. changes its state
to the opposite. Instead of the numerical values, the word on, off, or
toggle can be used.
Only pins that have been configured at securelevel 0, typically during
system startup, are accessible once the securelevel has been raised.
Pins can be given symbolic names for easier use. Besides using individ-
ual pins, device drivers that use GPIO pins can be attached to a gpio(4)
device using the gpioctl command. Such drivers can be detached at run-
time using the drvctl(8) command.
The following configuration flags are supported by the GPIO framework:
in input direction
out output direction
od open-drain output
pp push-pull output
tri tri-state (output disabled)
pu internal pull-up enabled
pd internal pull-down enabled
iin invert input
iout invert output
pulsate output at a hardware-defined frequency and duty
alt0 - alt7
select alternate pin function 0 to 7
Note that not all the flags may be supported by the particular GPIO con-
When executed with only the gpio(4) device name as argument, gpioctl
reads information about the GPIO device and displays it. At securelevel
0 the number of physically available pins is displayed, at higher
securelevels the number of configured (set) pins is displayed.
The options are as follows:
-q Operate quietly i.e. nothing is printed to stdout.
-s Only output a single number on stdout, representing either the
state of the pin or the number of available pins if no pin number
was passed as argument. This option is useful e.g. when gpioctl
is used in shell scripts to query the state of a pin.
/dev/gpiou GPIO device unit u file.
Configure pin 20 to have push-pull output:
# gpioctl gpio0 20 set out pp
Write logical 1 to pin 20:
# gpioctl gpio0 20 1
Attach a onewire(4) bus on a gpioow(4) device on pin 4:
# gpioctl gpio0 attach gpioow 4 0x01
Detach the gpioow0 device:
# drvctl -d gpioow0
Configure pin 5 as output and name it error_led:
# gpioctl gpio0 5 set out error_led
Toggle the error_led:
# gpioctl gpio0 error_led 2
The gpioctl command first appeared in OpenBSD 3.6 and NetBSD 4.0.
The gpioctl program was written by Alexander Yurchenko
<firstname.lastname@example.org>. Device attachment was added by Marc Balmer
NetBSD 9.3 February 12, 2019 NetBSD 9.3