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LIBNPF(3)               NetBSD Library Functions Manual              LIBNPF(3)

libnpf -- NPF packet filter library
NPF Packet Filter Library (libnpf, -lnpf)
#include <npf.h> nl_config_t * npf_config_create(void); int npf_config_submit(nl_config_t *ncf, int fd, npf_error_t *errinfo); nl_config_t * npf_config_retrieve(int fd); int npf_config_flush(int fd); void npf_config_export(nl_config_t *ncf, size_t *len); nl_config_t * npf_config_import(const void *blob, size_t len); bool npf_config_active_p(nl_config_t *ncf); bool npf_config_loaded_p(nl_config_t *ncf); void npf_config_destroy(nl_config_t *ncf); nl_rule_t * npf_rule_create(const char *name, uint32_t attr, const char *ifname); int npf_rule_setcode(nl_rule_t *rl, int type, const void *code, size_t len); int npf_rule_setkey(nl_rule_t *rl, const void *key, size_t len); int npf_rule_setinfo(nl_rule_t *rl, const void *info, size_t len); int npf_rule_setprio(nl_rule_t *rl, int pri); int npf_rule_setproc(nl_rule_t *rl, const char *name); int npf_rule_insert(nl_config_t *ncf, nl_rule_t *parent, nl_rule_t *rl); bool npf_rule_exists_p(nl_config_t *ncf, const char *name); void * npf_rule_export(nl_rule_t *rl, size_t *length); void npf_rule_destroy(nl_rule_t *rl); nl_rproc_t * npf_rproc_create(const char *name); int npf_rproc_extcall(nl_rproc_t *rp, nl_ext_t *ext); bool npf_rproc_exists_p(nl_config_t *ncf, const char *name); int npf_rproc_insert(nl_config_t *ncf, nl_rproc_t *rp); nl_nat_t * npf_nat_create(int type, unsigned flags, const char *ifname); int npf_nat_setaddr(nl_nat_t *nt, int af, npf_addr_t *addr, npf_netmask_t mask); int npf_nat_setport(nl_nat_t *nt, in_port_t port); int npf_nat_insert(nl_config_t *ncf, nl_nat_t *nt); nl_table_t * npf_table_create(const char *name, unsigned id, int type); int npf_table_add_entry(nl_table_t *tl, int af, const npf_addr_t *addr, const npf_netmask_t mask); int npf_table_insert(nl_config_t *ncf, nl_table_t *tl); int npf_table_replace(int fd, nl_table_t *tl, npf_error_t *errinfo); void npf_table_destroy(nl_table_t *tl); int npf_ruleset_add(int fd, const char *name, nl_rule_t *rl, uint64_t *id); int npf_ruleset_remove(int fd, const char *name, uint64_t id); int npf_ruleset_remkey(int fd, const char *name, const void *key, size_t len); int npf_ruleset_flush(int fd, const char *name);
The libnpf library provides an interface to create an NPF configuration having rules, tables, procedures, or translation policies. The configu- ration can be submitted to the kernel.
Configuration npf_config_create() Create a new configuration object. npf_config_submit(ncf, fd, errinfo) Submit the configuration object, specified by ncf, to the kernel. On failure, the error information is written into the structure specified by errinfo. npf_config_export(ncf, len) Serialize the given configuration and return the binary object as well as its length in len parameter. The binary object is dynami- cally allocated and should be destroyed using free(3). npf_config_import(blob, len) Read the configuration from a binary object of the specified length, unserialize, and return the configuration object. npf_config_flush(fd) Flush the current configuration. npf_config_retrieve(fd) Retrieve and return the loaded configuration from the kernel. npf_config_active_p(ncf) Indicate whether the retrieved configuration is active i.e. packet filtering is enabled (true if yes and false otherwise). npf_config_loaded_p(ncf) Indicate whether the retrieved configuration is loaded i.e. has any rules (true if yes and false otherwise). npf_config_destroy(ncf) Destroy the configuration object, specified by ncf. Rule interface npf_rule_create(name, attr, ifname) Create a rule with a given name, attributes and priority. If the name is specified, then it should be unique within the configura- tion object. Otherwise, the name can be NULL, in which case the rule will have no identifier. The following attributes, which can be ORed, are available: NPF_RULE_PASS The decision of this rule shall be "pass". If this attribute is not specified, then "block" (drop the packet) is the default. NPF_RULE_IN Match the incoming packets. NPF_RULE_OUT Match the outgoing packets. NPF_RULE_FINAL Indicate that on rule match, further processing of the ruleset should be stopped and this rule should be applied instantly. NPF_RULE_STATEFUL Create a state (session) on match, track the connection and pass the backwards stream (the returning packets) without the ruleset inspection. The state is uniquely identified by an n-tuple key. NPF_RULE_GSTATEFUL Exclude the interface identifier from the state key (n- tuple). This makes the state global with respect to the network interfaces. The state is also picked for packets travelling in different direction than originally. NPF_RULE_RETRST Return TCP RST packet in a case of packet block. NPF_RULE_RETICMP Return ICMP destination unreachable in a case of packet block. NPF_RULE_GROUP Allow this rule to have sub-rules. If this flag is used with the NPF_RULE_DYNAMIC flag set, then it is a dynamic group. The sub-rules can be added dynamically to a dynamic group, also meaning that the sub-rules must have the NPF_RULE_DYNAMIC flag set. Otherwise rules must be added statically i.e. created with the configuration. NPF_RULE_DYNAMIC Indicate that the rule is dynamic. Such rules can only be added to the dynamic groups. The interface is specified by the ifname string. NULL indicates any interface. npf_rule_setcode(rl, type, code, len) Assign the code for the rule specified by rl. The code is used to implement the filter criteria. The pointer to the binary code is specified by code, the size of the memory area by len, and the type of the code is specified by type. Currently, only the BPF byte- code is supported and the NPF_CODE_BPF constant should be passed. npf_rule_setkey(rl, key, len) Assign a key for the rule specified by rl. The binary key is spec- ified by key, and its size by len. The size shall not exceed NPF_RULE_MAXKEYLEN. The kernel does not check whether key is unique, therefore it is the responsibility of the caller. npf_rule_setinfo(rl, info, len) Associate an arbitrary information blob specified by info, and its size by len. This may be used for such purposes as the byte-code annotation. npf_rule_setprio(rl, pri) Set priority to the rule. Negative priorities are invalid. The priority is the order of the rule in the ruleset. The lower value means first to process, the higher value - last to process. If multiple rules are inserted with the same priority, then the order is unspecified. The special constants NPF_PRI_FIRST and NPF_PRI_LAST can be passed to indicate that the rule should be inserted into the beginning or the end of the priority level 0 in the ruleset. All rules inserted using these constants will have the priority 0 assigned and will share this level in the ordered way. npf_rule_setproc(rl, name) Set a procedure for the specified rule. npf_rule_insert(ncf, parent, rl) Insert the rule into the set of the parent rule specified by parent. If the value of parent is NULL, then insert into the main ruleset. The rule will be consumed (the relevant resourced will be freed) and it must not be referenced after insertion. npf_rule_exists_p(ncf, name) Check whether the rule with a given name is already in the configu- ration. npf_rule_export(rl, length) Serialize the rule (including the byte-code), return a binary object and set its length. The binary object is dynamically allo- cated and should be destroyed using free(3). npf_rule_destroy(rl) Destroy the given rule object. Rule procedure interface npf_rproc_create(name) Create a rule procedure with a given name. Thr name must be unique for each procedure. npf_rproc_insert(ncf, rp) Insert the rule procedure into the specified configuration object. The rule procedure must not be referenced after insertion. Translation interface npf_nat_create(type, flags, ifname) Create a NAT policy of a specified type. There are two types: NPF_NATIN Inbound NAT policy (rewrite destination). NPF_NATOUT Outbound NAT policy (rewrite source). A bi-directional NAT is obtained by combining two policies. The following flags are supported: NPF_NAT_STATIC Perform static (stateless) translation rather than dynamic (stateful). NPF_NAT_PORTS Perform the port translation. If this flag is not specified, then the port translation is not performed and the port parameter is ignored. NPF_NAT_PORTMAP Create a port map and select a random port for translation. If enabled, then the value speci- fied by the port parameter is ignored. This flag is effective only if the NPF_NAT_PORTS flag is set. The network interface on which the policy will be applicable is specified by ifname. npf_nat_setaddr(nt, af, addr, mask) Set the translation address, as specified by addr, and its family by af. The family must be either AF_INET for IPv4 or AF_INET6 for IPv6 address. Additionally, mask may be specified to indicate the translation network; otherwise, it should be set to NPF_NO_NETMASK. In order to use the translation network, a custom algorithm may need to be specified using the npf_nat_setalgo() function. npf_nat_setport(nt, port) Set the translation port, specified by port. npf_nat_setalgo(nt, algo) Set a particular NAT algorithm. Currently, the following algo- rithms are supported with dynamic NAT: NPF_ALGO_IPHASH Hash of the source and destination addresses. NPF_ALGO_RR Round-robin for the translation addresses. NPF_ALGO_NETMAP Network-to-network map as described below, but with state tracking. It is used when it is neces- sary to translate the ports. The following are support with static NAT: NPF_ALGO_NETMAP Network-to-network map where the translation net- work prefix (address after applying the mask) is bitwise OR-ed with the host part of the original address (zero bits of the mask). NPF_ALGO_NPT66 IPv6-to-IPv6 Network Prefix Translation (NPTv6, defined in RFC 6296). npf_nat_insert(ncf, nt) Insert the NAT policy, its rule, into the specified configuration. The NAT rule must not be referenced after insertion. Table interface npf_table_create(name, index, type) Create an NPF table of a specified type. The table is identified by the name and index, which should be in the range between 1 and NPF_MAX_TABLES. The following types are supported: NPF_TABLE_IPSET Indicates to use a regular associative array for storage of IP sets. Currently implemented as a hashmap. NPF_TABLE_LPM Indicates to the table can contain networks (as well as hosts) and the longest prefix match should be performed on lookup. NPF_TABLE_CONST Indicates that the table contents will be constant and the table can be considered immutable (no inserts/removes after load). If such constraint is acceptable, this table type will provide the best performance. It is currently implemented as a perfect hash table, generated on table insertion into the configuration. npf_table_add_entry(tl, af, addr, mask) Add an entry of IP address and mask, specified by addr and mask, to the table specified by tl. The family, specified by af, must be either AF_INET for IPv4 or AF_INET6 for IPv6 address. If there is no mask, then mask should be set to NPF_NO_NETMASK. npf_table_insert(ncf, tl) Add the table to the configuration object. This routine performs a check for duplicate table IDs. The table must not be referenced after insertion. npf_table_replace(fd, tl, errinfo) Submit the table object, specified by tl, to the kernel, to replace the existing table with the corresponding table name and ID. On failure, the error information is written into the structure speci- fied by errinfo. npf_table_destroy(tl) Destroy the specified table. Ruleset interface npf_ruleset_add(fd, name, rl, id) Add a given rule, specified by rl, into the dynamic ruleset named name. On success, return 0 and a unique rule ID in the id parame- ter. npf_ruleset_remove(fd, name, id) Remove a rule from the dynamic ruleset, specified by name. The rule is specified by its unique ID in the id parameter. npf_ruleset_remkey(fd, name, key, len) Remove a rule from the dynamic ruleset, specified by name. The rule is specified by its key, in the key and len parameters. The key for the rule must have been set during its construction, using the npf_rule_setkey() routine. npf_ruleset_flush(fd, name) Clear the dynamic ruleset, specified by name, by removing all its rules.
bpf(4), npf(7), npfctl(8)
The NPF library first appeared in NetBSD 6.0. NetBSD 9.2 May 30, 2020 NetBSD 9.2
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