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CURSES_PAD(3) NetBSD Library Functions Manual CURSES_PAD(3)
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curses_pad, newpad, subpad, prefresh, pnoutrefresh -- curses pad routines
Curses Library (libcurses, -lcurses)
newpad(int lines, int cols);
subpad(WINDOW *pad, int lines, int cols, int begin_y, int begin_x);
prefresh(WINDOW *pad, int pbeg_y, int pbeg_x, int sbeg_y, int sbeg_x,
int smax_y, int smax_x);
pnoutrefresh(WINDOW *pad, int pbeg_y, int pbeg_x, int sbeg_y, int sbeg_x,
int smax_y, int smax_x);
is_pad(const WINDOW *pad);
These functions create and display pads on the current screen.
The newpad() function creates a new pad of size lines, cols.
subpad() is similar to newpad() excepting that the size of the subpad is
bounded by the parent pad pad. The subpad shares internal data struc-
tures with the parent pad and will be refreshed when the parent pad is
refreshed. The starting column and row begin_y, begin_x are relative to
the parent pad origin.
The pnoutrefresh() function performs the internal processing required by
curses to determine what changes need to be made to synchronise the
internal screen buffer and the terminal but does not modify the terminal
display. A rectangular area of the pad starting at column and row
pbeg_y, pbeg_x is copied to the corresponding rectangular area of the
screen buffer starting at column and row sbeg_y, sbeg_x and extending to
The prefresh() function causes curses to propagate changes made to the
pad specified by pad to the terminal display. A rectangular area of the
pad starting at column and row pbeg_y, pbeg_x is copied to the corre-
sponding rectangular area of the terminal starting at column and row
sbeg_y, sbeg_x and extending to smax_y, smax_x.
The pnoutrefresh() and doupdate() functions can be used together to speed
up terminal redraws by deferring the actual terminal updates until after
a batch of updates to multiple pads has been done.
The is_pad() function returns true if the given window was created by
newpad(), otherwise false.
Functions returning pointers will return NULL if an error is detected.
The functions that return an int will return one of the following values:
OK The function completed successfully.
ERR An error occurred in the function.
The subpad() function is similar to the derwin(3) function, and not the
The NetBSD Curses library complies with the X/Open Curses specification,
part of the Single Unix Specification.
The Curses package appeared in 4.0BSD. The is_pad() function is a
ncurses extension to the Curses library and was added in NetBSD 8.0.
NetBSD 9.2 January 5, 2016 NetBSD 9.2