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MI_SWITCH(9) NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual MI_SWITCH(9)
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Maintained for NetBSD
by Kimmo Suominen.
Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.
mi_switch -- machine independent context switch prelude
mi_switch(struct lwp *l);
The mi_switch() function implements the machine-independent prelude to an
LWP context switch. It is called from only a few distinguished places in
the kernel code as a result of the principle of non-preemptable kernel
mode execution. The three major uses of mi_switch() can be enumerated as
1. From within cv_wait(9) and associated methods when the current
LWP voluntarily relinquishes the CPU to wait for some resource
to become available.
2. From within preempt(9) when the current LWP voluntarily relin-
quishes the CPU or when the kernel prepares a return to user-
3. In the signal handling code if a signal is delivered that
causes an LWP to stop (see issignal(9)).
mi_switch() records the amount of time the current LWP has been running
in the LWP structure and checks this value against the CPU time limits
allocated to the LWP (see getrlimit(2)). Exceeding the soft limit
results in a SIGXCPU signal to be posted to the LWP, while exceeding the
hard limit will cause a SIGKILL.
Unless l->l_switchto is not NULL, mi_switch() will call sched_nextlwp()
to select a new LWP from the scheduler's runqueue structures. If no
runnable LWP is found, the idle LWP is used. If the new LWP is not equal
to the current one, mi_switch() will hand over control to the machine-
dependent function cpu_switchto(9) to switch to the new LWP.
mi_switch() has to be called with the LWP lock held (through calling
lwp_lock() first) and at the splsched(9) interrupt protection level. It
returns with the LWP lock released.
mi_switch() returns 1 if a context switch was performed to a different
LWP, 0 otherwise.
condvar(9), cpu_switchto(9), csf(9), pmap(9), ras(9), sched_4bsd(9),
NetBSD 9.1 July 21, 2007 NetBSD 9.1