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INTRO(4)             NetBSD/sparc Kernel Interfaces Manual            INTRO(4)

intro -- introduction to sparc special files and hardware support
This section describes the special files, related driver functions, and networking support available in the system. In this part of the manual, the SYNOPSIS section of each configurable device gives a sample specifi- cation for use in constructing a system description for the config(1) program. The DIAGNOSTICS section lists messages which may appear on the console and/or in the system error log /var/log/messages due to errors in device operation; see syslogd(8) for more information. This section contains both devices which may be configured into the sys- tem and network related information. The networking support is intro- duced in netintro(4).
This section describes the hardware supported on the SPARC platform. Software support for these devices comes in two forms. A hardware device may be supported with a character or block device driver, or it may be used within the networking subsystem and have a network interface driver. Block and character devices are accessed through files in the file system of a special type; see mknod(8). Network interfaces are indirectly accessed through the interprocess communication facilities provided by the system; see socket(2). A hardware device is identified to the system at configuration time and the appropriate device or network interface driver is then compiled into the system. When the resultant system is booted, the autoconfiguration facilities in the system probe for the device and, if found, enable the software support for it. If a device does not respond at autoconfigura- tion time it is not accessible at any time afterwards. To enable a device which did not autoconfigure, the system must be rebooted. The autoconfiguration system is described in sparc/autoconf(4). A list of the supported devices is given below.
config(1), cd(4), ch(4), le(4), scsi(4), sd(4), sparc/autoconf(4), sparc/bwtwo(4), sparc/cgeight(4), sparc/cgfour(4), sparc/cgfourteen(4), sparc/cgsix(4), sparc/cgthree(4), sparc/cgtwo(4), sparc/fd(4), sparc/kbd(4), sparc/magma(4), sparc/mem(4), sparc/ms(4), sparc/openprom(4), sparc/tcx(4), ss(4), st(4), uk(4)
The following Sun SPARC system architectures and models are supported: sun4 first generation SPARC systems on VMEbus: Sun 4/100 series (14.28 MHz) Sun 4/200 series (16.67 MHz) Sun 4/300 series (25 MHz) sun4c desktop SPARC systems with Sbus: SPARCstation 1 (20 MHz) SPARCstation 1+ (25 MHz) SPARCstation 2 (40 MHz) SPARCstation SLC (20 MHz) SPARCstation ELC (33 MHz) SPARCstation IPC (25 MHz) SPARCstation IPX (40 MHz). sun4m desktop SPARC systems with Mbus for CPUs, and Sbus: SPARCclassic (50 MHz microSPARC I) SPARCstation LX (50 MHz microSPARC I) SPARCstation 4 (70 MHz microSPARC II) SPARCstation 5 (70, 85, 110 MHz microSPARC II) SPARCstation 5 (170 MHz TurboSPARC) SPARCstation 10M (36 MHz SuperSPARC I) SPARCstation 20M (50 MHz SuperSPARC I) SPARCstation 10 (Mbus modules) SPARCstation 20 (Mbus modules) The SPARCstation 2 and IPX can be upgraded with a Weitek PowerUP CPU that is clock-doubled (i.e. internally it runs at 80 MHz). NetBSD supports this configuration. Hardware level clones of these systems from other manufacturers will likely work (e.g. Xerox, Tatung, Axil, Cycle); other systems which have a SPARC CPU but do not use Sun's hardware architecture (e.g. Solbourne) will likely not work. The sun4m architecture with Mbus modules for the CPUs is supported with the following modules with only one CPU: SM41 40 MHz SuperSPARC I with 1MB SuperCACHE SM51 50 MHz SuperSPARC I with 1MB SuperCACHE SM61 60 MHz SuperSPARC I with 1MB SuperCACHE SM71 75 MHz SuperSPARC II with 1MB SuperCACHE SM81 85 MHz SuperSPARC II with 1MB SuperCACHE HS11 100 MHz Ross Technology hyperSPARC HS21 125 MHz Ross Technology hyperSPARC M151 150 MHz Ross Technology hyperSPARC This list is not exhaustive; NetBSD is continuously being improved, and may well run on Mbus CPU modules not listed here. There is also some support for Sun JavaStation computers based on the microSPARC CPU. NetBSD does not yet properly support multiprocessor systems, but will run on one processor of a multiprocessor system. The Sun 4/400 series, and sun4d (SPARCcenter 1000, 1000E, and 2000) are not supported. The sun4u (UltraSPARC 64-bit) architectures are supported by NetBSD/sparc64.
The devices listed below are supported in this incarnation of the system. Devices are indicated by their functional interface. Not all supported devices are listed. audio AMD 79C30 obio (sun4c) and dbri (sun4m) audio controller bpp Bi-directional Parallel port bwtwo black and white obio frame buffer cgeight 24 bit VMEbus color frame buffer cgfour 8 bit obio (sun4 P4 bus) color graphics frame buffer cgfourteen 24 bit Sbus color frame buffer cgsix 8 bit obio (sun4c & sun4m), Sbus color graphics frame buffer cgthree 8 bit VMEbus, Sbus, and obio (sun4m) color graphics frame buffer cgtwo 8 bit VMEbus color frame buffer dbri Dual Basic Rate Interface (BRI) ISDN (SPARC LX & SPARCsta- tion 10) (only the audio component is supported) eeprom Sun non-volatile configuration RAM driver esp NCR53C90 ESP100 (Sun 4/300), ESP100A (sun4c), ESP200 (sun4m) SCSI controller FSBE/S (X1053A, part # 501-2015) Fast SCSI-2/Buffered Eth- ernet Sbus controller fd Intel 82072 obio (sun4c) or Intel 82077 obio (sun4m) floppy disk drive controller ie Intel 82586 Ethernet controller (Sun 4/100) isp Qlogic ISP Sbus SCSI controller kbd Sun type 2, type 3, type 4, and type 5 keyboards (on zs) le/lebuffer AMD 7990 LANCE Ethernet controller (Sun 4/200, 4/300, sun4c, sun4m, Sbus) magma Magma Sp Serial/Parallel board device driver ms Sun mouse (on zs) openprom Sun Open boot PROM (what became IEEE 1275) configuration driver power sun4m power management; the halt(8) and shutdown(8) com- mands can use it to power down the system. si NCR5380 "SCSI-2" VMEbus (Sun 4/200, Sun 4/400) SCSI con- troller sw NCR5380 obio (Sun 4/100) "SCSI Wierd" SCSI controller tcx 8 or 24 bit Sbus color graphics frame buffer xd Xylogics 753/7053 VMEbus SMD disk controller xy Xylogics 450/451 VMEbus SMD disk controller zs Zilog 8530 serial controller
The following devices are not supported, due to unavailability of either documentation or sample hardware: dbri Dual Basic Rate Interface (BRI) ISDN (SPARC LX & SPARCstation 10)
This sparc intro appeared in NetBSD 1.3. Large chunks of text carefully recycled (shamelessly appropriated) from NetBSD/pmax intro. NetBSD 9.0 February 17, 2017 NetBSD 9.0
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