moncontrol(3) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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MONCONTROL(3)           NetBSD Library Functions Manual          MONCONTROL(3)


NAME
moncontrol, monstartup -- control execution profile
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
moncontrol(int mode); monstartup(u_long *lowpc, u_long *highpc);
DESCRIPTION
An executable program compiled using the -pg option to cc(1) automati- cally includes calls to collect statistics for the gprof(1) call-graph execution profiler. In typical operation, profiling begins at program startup and ends when the program calls exit. When the program exits, the profiling data are written to the file gmon.out, then gprof(1) can be used to examine the results. moncontrol() selectively controls profiling within a program. When the program starts, profiling begins. To stop the collection of histogram ticks and call counts use moncontrol(0); to resume the collection of his- togram ticks and call counts use moncontrol(1). This feature allows the cost of particular operations to be measured. Note that an output file will be produced on program exit regardless of the state of moncontrol(). Programs that are not loaded with -pg may selectively collect profiling statistics by calling monstartup() with the range of addresses to be pro- filed. lowpc and highpc specify the address range that is to be sampled; the lowest address sampled is that of lowpc and the highest is just below highpc. Only functions in that range that have been compiled with the -pg option to cc(1) will appear in the call graph part of the output; however, all functions in that address range will have their execution time measured. Profiling begins on return from monstartup().
ENVIRONMENT
PROFDIR Directory to place the output file(s) in. When this is set, instead of writing the profiling output to gmon.out, a filename is generated from the process id and name of the program (e.g., 123.a.out). If you are profiling a program that forks, or oth- erwise creates multiple copies, setting this is the only reason- able way to get all profiling data.
FILES
gmon.out execution data file
SEE ALSO
cc(1), gprof(1), profil(2) NetBSD 9.0 June 4, 1993 NetBSD 9.0
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