isapnp(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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ISAPNP(9)              NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual              ISAPNP(9)


NAME
ISAPNP, isapnp_devmatch, isapnp_config, isapnp_unconfig -- Plug 'n' Play ISA bus
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/bus.h> #include <dev/isa/isareg.h> #include <dev/isa/isavar.h> #include <dev/isapnp/isapnpreg.h> #include <dev/isapnp/isapnpvar.h> #include <dev/isapnp/isapnpdevs.h> int isapnp_devmatch(const struct isapnp_attach_args *ipa, const struct isapnp_devinfo *dinfo, int *variant); int isapnp_config(bus_space_tag_t iot, bus_space_tag_t memt, struct isapnp_attach_args *ipa); void isapnp_unconfig(bus_space_tag_t iot, bus_space_tag_t memt, struct isapnp_attach_args *ipa);
DESCRIPTION
The machine-independent ISAPNP subsystem provides support for ISAPNP devices. ISAPNP devices were developed to support "plug and play" con- nection on the ISA bus. In all other aspects, the ISAPNP bus is same as the ISA bus (see isa(9)). Devices on the ISAPNP bus are uniquely identified by a 7-character string. Resources, such as I/O address space and interrupts, should be allocated to the devices by the machine firmware. On some machine the firmware seems doesn't work correctly and NetBSD will attempt to allocate resources as necessary.
DATA TYPES
Drivers attached to the ISAPNP bus will make use of the following data types: struct isapnp_matchinfo NetBSD kernel contains a database of known ISAPNP devices. Each entry in the database has a struct isapnp_matchinfo. It con- tains the following members: const char *name; /* device id string */ int variant; /* variant flag */ struct isapnp_devinfo Defines the devices supported by a driver. It contains pointer to an array of supported struct isapnp_matchinfo structures and a pointer to another array of compatibility devices. It con- tains the following members: struct isapnp_matchinfo *devlogic; int nlogic; struct isapnp_matchinfo *devcompat; int ncompat; struct isapnp_region Describes ISAPNP bus-space regions. It contains the following members: bus_space_handle_t h; uint32_t base; uint32_t length; struct isapnp_pin Describes the wiring of interrupts and DMA pins from the ISAPNP bus onto the host processor. It contains the following members: uint8_t num; uint8_t flags:4; uint8_t type:4; uint16_t bits; struct isapnp_attach_args A structure used to inform the driver of the device properties. It contains the following members: bus_space_tag_t ipa_iot; /* isa i/o space tag */ bus_space_tag_t ipa_memt; /* isa mem space tag */ bus_dma_tag_t ipa_dmat; /* isa dma tag */ isa_chipset_tag_t ipa_ic; struct isapnp_region ipa_io[ISAPNP_NUM_IO]; struct isapnp_region ipa_mem[ISAPNP_NUM_MEM]; struct isapnp_region ipa_mem32[ISAPNP_NUM_MEM32]; struct isapnp_pin ipa_irq[ISAPNP_NUM_IRQ]; struct isapnp_pin ipa_drq[ISAPNP_NUM_DRQ];
FUNCTIONS
isapnp_devmatch(ipa, dinfo, variant) Matches the device described by the attachment ipa with the device-match information in dinfo. If the device is matched, isapnp_devmatch() returns a non-zero value and variant is the flag describing the device variant. isapnp_devmatch() returns zero if the device is not found. isapnp_config(iot, memt, ipa) Allocate device resources specified by ipa. The device is mapped into the I/O and memory bus spaces specified by bus-space tags iot and memt respectively. The ipa_io, ipa_mem, ipa_mem32, ipa_irq, and ipa_drq members of ipa are updated to reflect the allocated and mapped resources. isapnp_config() returns zero on success and non-zero on error. isapnp_unconfig(iot, memt, ipa) Free the resources allocated by isapnp_config().
AUTOCONFIGURATION
During autoconfiguration, an ISAPNP driver will receive a pointer to struct isapnp_attach_args describing the device attached to the ISAPNP bus. Drivers match the device using ispnp_devmatch(). During the driver attach step, driver should initially allocate and map resources using isapnp_config(). The I/O (memory) bus-space resources can be accessed using the bus-space tag ipa_iot (ipa_memt) and the bus- space handle ipa_io[0].h (ipa_mem[0].h) members of ipa. Interrupts should be established using isa_intr_establish() (see isa(9)) with the IRQ specified by the ipa_irq[0].num member of ipa. Similarly, the standard isa(9) DMA interface should be used with the ipa_drq[0].num member of ipa.
DMA SUPPORT
Extensive DMA facilities are provided through the isa(9) DMA facilities.
CODE REFERENCES
The ISAPNP subsystem itself is implemented within the file sys/dev/isapnp/isapnp.c. The database of the known devices exists within the file sys/dev/isapnp/isapnpdevs.c and is generated automatically from the file sys/dev/isapnp/isapnpdevs. New devices should be added to this file. The database can be regenerated using the Makefile sys/dev/isapnp/Makefile.isapnpdevs.
SEE ALSO
isa(4), isapnp(4), pnpbios(4), autoconf(9), bus_dma(9), bus_space(9), driver(9), isa(9) Plug and Play ISA Specification V1.0a, May 5 1994.
HISTORY
The machine-independent ISAPNP subsystem appear in NetBSD 1.3. NetBSD 9.0 June 19, 2001 NetBSD 9.0
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