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HZ(9) NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual HZ(9)
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by Kimmo Suominen.
Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.
hz, tick, tickadj, stathz, profhz -- system time model
extern int hz;
extern int tick;
extern int tickadj;
extern int stathz;
extern int profhz;
The essential clock handling routines in NetBSD are written to operate
with two timers that run independently of each other. The main clock,
running hz times per second, is used to keep track of real time.
In another words, hz specifies the number of times the hardclock(9) timer
ticks per second. Normally hardclock(9) increments time by tick each
time it is called. If the system clock has drifted, adjtime(2) may be
used to skew this increment based on the rate of tickadj.
The second timer is used to gather timing statistics. It also handles
kernel and user profiling. If the second timer is programmable, it is
randomized to avoid aliasing between the two clocks. The mean frequency
of the second timer is stathz. If a separate clock is not available,
stathz is set to hz.
If profiling is enabled, the clock normally used to drive stathz may be
run at a higher rate profhz, which is required to be a multiple of
stathz. This will give higher resolution profiling information.
These system variables are also available as struct clockinfo from
sysctl(3) and kern.clockrate from sysctl(8). The hz is hardware-depen-
dent; it can be overridden (if the machine dependent code supports this)
by defining HZ in the kernel configuration file (see options(4)). Only
override the default value if you really know what you are doing.
adjtime(2), callout(9), hardclock(9), microtime(9), time_second(9)
NetBSD 9.0 March 25, 2010 NetBSD 9.0