cd(4) - NetBSD Manual Pages

Command: Section: Arch: Collection:  
CD(4)                   NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual                  CD(4)

cd -- SCSI and ATAPI CD-ROM driver
cd* at scsibus? target ? lun ? cd1 at scsibus0 target 4 lun 0 cd* at atapibus? drive ? flags 0x0000
The cd driver provides support for a Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI) bus and Advanced Technology Attachment Packet Interface (ATAPI) Compact Disc-Read Only Memory (CD-ROM) drive. In an attempt to look like a regular disk, the cd driver synthesizes a partition table, with one partition covering the entire CD-ROM. It is possible to modify this par- tition table using disklabel(8), but it will only last until the CD-ROM is unmounted. In general the interfaces are similar to those described by wd(4) and sd(4). As the SCSI adapter is probed during boot, the SCSI bus is scanned for devices. Any devices found which answer as `Read-only' type devices will be `attached' to the cd driver. For the use of flags with ATAPI devices, see wd(4). The system utility disklabel(8) may be used to read the synthesized disk label structure, which will contain correct figures for the size of the CD-ROM should that information be required.
Any number of CD-ROM devices may be attached to the system regardless of system configuration as all resources are dynamically allocated.
The following ioctl(2) calls which apply to SCSI CD-ROM drives are defined in the header files <sys/cdio.h> and <sys/disklabel.h>. DIOCGDINFO DIOCSDINFO (struct disklabel) Read or write the in-core copy of the disklabel for the drive. The disklabel is ini- tialized with information read from the SCSI inquiry commands, and should be the same as the information printed at boot. This structure is defined in disklabel(5). CDIOCPLAYTRACKS (struct ioc_play_track) Start audio playback given a track address and length. The structure is defined as follows: struct ioc_play_track { u_char start_track; u_char start_index; u_char end_track; u_char end_index; }; CDIOCPLAYBLOCKS (struct ioc_play_blocks) Start audio playback given a block address and length. The structure is defined as follows: struct ioc_play_blocks { int blk; int len; }; CDIOCPLAYMSF (struct ioc_play_msf) Start audio playback given a `minutes-seconds-frames' address and length. The structure is defined as follows: struct ioc_play_msf { u_char start_m; u_char start_s; u_char start_f; u_char end_m; u_char end_s; u_char end_f; }; CDIOCREADSUBCHANNEL (struct ioc_read_subchannel) Read information from the subchannel at the location specified by this structure: struct ioc_read_subchannel { u_char address_format; #define CD_LBA_FORMAT 1 #define CD_MSF_FORMAT 2 u_char data_format; #define CD_SUBQ_DATA 0 #define CD_CURRENT_POSITION 1 #define CD_MEDIA_CATALOG 2 #define CD_TRACK_INFO 3 u_char track; int data_len; struct cd_sub_channel_info *data; }; CDIOREADTOCHEADER (struct ioc_toc_header) Return summary information about the table of contents for the mounted CD-ROM. The information is returned into the following structure: struct ioc_toc_header { u_short len; u_char starting_track; u_char ending_track; }; CDIOREADTOCENTRYS (struct ioc_read_toc_entry) Return information from the table of contents entries mentioned. (Yes, this command name is misspelled). The argument structure is defined as follows: struct ioc_read_toc_entry { u_char address_format; u_char starting_track; u_short data_len; struct cd_toc_entry *data; }; The requested data is written into an area of size data_len and pointed to by data. CDIOCSETPATCH (struct ioc_patch) Attach various audio channels to various output channels. The argument structure is defined thusly: struct ioc_patch { u_char patch[4]; /* one for each channel */ }; CDIOCGETVOL CDIOCSETVOL (struct ioc_vol) Get (set) information about the volume settings of the output channels. The argu- ment structure is as follows: struct ioc_vol { u_char vol[4]; /* one for each channel */ }; CDIOCSETMONO Patch all output channels to all source channels. CDIOCSETSTEREO Patch left source channel to the left output channel and the right source channel to the right output channel. CDIOCSETMUTE Mute output without changing the volume settings. CDIOCSETLEFT CDIOCSETRIGHT Attach both output channels to the left (right) source channel. CDIOCSETDEBUG CDIOCCLRDEBUG Turn on (off) debugging for the appropriate device. CDIOCPAUSE CDIOCRESUME Pause (resume) audio play, without resetting the location of the read-head. CDIOCRESET Reset the drive. CDIOCSTART CDIOCSTOP Tell the drive to spin-up (-down) the CD-ROM. CDIOCALLOW CDIOCPREVENT Tell the drive to allow (prevent) manual ejection of the CD-ROM disc. Not all drives support this fea- ture. CDIOCEJECT Eject the CD-ROM. CDIOCLOADUNLOAD Cause the ATAPI changer to load or unload discs. CDIOCCLOSE Tell the drive to close its door and load the media. Not all drives support this feature. DIOCTUR Test unit ready - to allow userland to silently check for presence of media. In addition the general scsi(4) ioctls may be used with the cd driver, if used against the `whole disk' partition (i.e. /dev/rcd0d for the bebox and i386 port, /dev/rcd0c for all other ports).
When a CD-ROM is changed in a drive controlled by the cd driver, then the act of changing the media will invalidate the disklabel and information held within the kernel. To stop corruption, all accesses to the device will be discarded until there are no more open file descriptors referenc- ing the device. During this period, all new open attempts will be rejected. When no more open file descriptors reference the device, the first next open will load a new set of parameters (including disklabel) for the drive. The audio code in the cd driver only support SCSI-2 standard audio com- mands. Because many CD-ROM manufacturers have not followed the standard, there are many CD-ROM drives for which audio will not work. Some work is planned to support some of the more common `broken' CD-ROM drives; how- ever, this is not yet under way.
/dev/cd[0-9][a-h] block mode CD-ROM devices /dev/rcd[0-9][a-h] raw mode CD-ROM devices
intro(4), scsi(4), sd(4), wd(4), disklabel(5), disklabel(8)
The cd driver appeared in 386BSD 0.1.
The names of the structures used for the third argument to ioctl() were poorly chosen, and a number of spelling errors have survived in the names of the ioctl() commands. NetBSD 9.0 June 23, 2012 NetBSD 9.0
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