slhci(4) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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SLHCI(4)                NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual               SLHCI(4)


NAME
slhci -- Cypress/ScanLogic SL811HS USB Host Controller driver
SYNOPSIS
amiga slhci* at zbus? PCMCIA (CF) controllers slhci* at pcmcia? function ? usb* at slhci? ISA controllers slhci* at isa? port ? irq ? usb* at slhci? TURBOchannel controllers tcu* at tc? slot ? offset ? slhci* at tcu? usb* at slhci? x68k slhci0 at intio0 addr 0xece380 intr 251 slhci1 at intio0 addr 0xeceb80 intr 250 usb* at slhci? options SLHCI_TRY_LSVH
DESCRIPTION
The slhci driver provides support for Cypress/ScanLogic SL811HS USB Host Controller. The driver supports control, bulk, and interrupt transfers but not isochronous (audio), which cannot be supported by this chip without per- fectly reliable 1ms interrupts. USB is polled and this chip requires the driver to initiate all transfers. The driver interrupts at least once every ms when a device is attached even if no data is transferred. The driver polls the chip when the transfer is expected to be completed soon; with maximum use of the bus, the driver will not exit for most of each ms. Use of this driver can easily have a significant performance impact on any system. The chip is unreliable in some conditions, possibly due in part to diffi- culty meeting timing restrictions (this is likely to be worse on multi- processor systems). Unexpected device behavior may trigger some prob- lems; power cycling externally powered devices may help resolve persis- tent problems. Detection of invalid chip state will usually cause the driver to halt, however is recommended that all data transfers be veri- fied. Data corruption due to controller error will not be detected auto- matically. Unmounting and remounting a device is necessary to prevent use of cached data. The driver currently will start the next incoming packet before copying in the previous packet but will not copy the next outgoing packet before the previous packet is transferred. Reading or writing the chip is about the same speed as the USB bus, so this means that one outgoing transfer is half the speed of one incoming transfer and two outgoing transfers are needed to use the full available bandwidth. All revisions of the SL811HS have trouble with low speed devices attached to some (likely most) hubs. Low speed traffic via hub is not allowed by default, but can be enabled with options SLHCI_TRY_LSVH in the kernel config file or by setting the slhci_try_lsvh variable to non-zero using ddb(4) or gdb(1). Many USB keyboards have built in hubs and may be low speed devices. All USB mice I have seen are low speed devices, however a serial mouse should be usable on a hub with a full speed Serial-USB converter. A PS2-USB keyboard and mouse converter is likely to be a single low speed device. Some hardware using this chip does not provide the USB minimum 100mA cur- rent, which could potentially cause problems even with externally powered hubs. The system can allow excess power use in some other cases as well. Some signs of excess power draw may cause the driver to halt, however this may not stop the power draw. To be safe verify power use and avail- ability before connecting any device.
HARDWARE
Hardware supported by the slhci driver includes: Ratoc CFU1U Nereid Ethernet/USB/Memory board Thylacine USB Host Controller flxd TC-USB
SEE ALSO
config(1), isa(4), pcmcia(4), tc(4), tcu(4), usb(4) Cypress SL811HS datasheet, errata, and application note, http://www.cypress.com.
HISTORY
The slhci driver appeared in NetBSD 2.0 and was rewritten in NetBSD 5.0.
AUTHORS
Tetsuya Isaki <isaki@NetBSD.org> Matthew Orgass NetBSD 8.1 October 14, 2017 NetBSD 8.1
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