mq_open(3) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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MQ_OPEN(3)              NetBSD Library Functions Manual             MQ_OPEN(3)


NAME
mq_open -- open a message queue (REALTIME)
LIBRARY
POSIX Real-time Library (librt, -lrt)
SYNOPSIS
#include <mqueue.h> mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag); mqd_t mq_open(const char *name, int oflag, mode_t mode, struct mq_attr *attr);
DESCRIPTION
The mq_open() function establishes the connection between a process and a message queue with a message queue descriptor. It creates an open mes- sage queue description that refers to the message queue, and a message queue descriptor that refers to that open message queue description. The message queue descriptor is used by other functions to refer to that mes- sage queue. The name argument points to a string naming a message queue, which should conform to the construction rules for a pathname. The name should begin with a slash character. The processes calling mq_open() with the same value of name will refer to the same message queue object, as long as that name has not been removed. If the name argument is not the name of an existing message queue and creation is not requested, mq_open() fails and returns an error. The oflag argument requests the desired receive and/or send access to the message queue. The requested access permission to receive messages or send messages are granted if the calling process would be granted read or write access, respectively, to an equivalently protected file. The value of oflag is the bitwise-inclusive OR of values from the follow- ing list. Applications must specify exactly one of the first three val- ues (access modes) below in the value of oflag: O_RDONLY Open the message queue for receiving messages. The process can use the returned message queue descriptor with mq_receive(3), but not mq_send(3). O_WRONLY Open the queue for sending messages. The process can use the returned message queue descriptor with mq_send(3) but not mq_receive(3). O_RDWR Open the queue for both receiving and sending messages. The process can use any of the functions allowed for O_RDONLY and O_WRONLY. In all cases, a message queue may be open multiple times in the same or different processes for sending/receiving messages. Any combination of the remaining flags may be specified in the value of oflag: O_CREAT Create a message queue. It requires two additional argu- ments: mode and attr. If the pathname name has already been used to create a message queue that still exists, then this flag will have no effect, except as noted under O_EXCL. Oth- erwise, a message queue will be created without any messages in it. The user ID of the message queue will be set to the effective user ID of the process, and the group ID of the message queue will be set to the effective group ID of the process. The permission bits of the message queue will be set to the value of the mode argument, except those set in the file mode creation mask of the process. When bits in mode other than the file permission bits are specified, the effect is unspecified. If attr is NULL, the message queue will be created with implementation-defined default message queue attributes. If attr is non-NULL and the calling process has the appropriate privilege on name, the message queue mq_maxmsg and mq_msgsize attributes will be set to the values of the corresponding members in the mq_attr structure referred to by attr. If attr is non-NULL, but the calling process does not have the appropriate privilege on name, the mq_open() function will fail and return an error without cre- ating the message queue. O_EXCL If O_EXCL and O_CREAT are set, mq_open() fails if the message queue name exists. The check for the existence of the mes- sage queue and the creation of the message queue if it does not exist will be atomic with respect to other threads exe- cuting mq_open() naming the same name with O_EXCL and O_CREAT set. If O_EXCL is set and O_CREAT is not set, the result is undefined. O_NONBLOCK Determines whether an mq_send(3) or mq_receive(3) waits for resources or messages that are not currently available, or fails with errno set to EAGAIN. The mq_open() function does not add or remove messages from the queue.
IMPLEMENTATION NOTES
The select(2) and poll(2) system calls to the message queue descriptor are supported by NetBSD, however, it is not portable.
RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, mq_open() returns a message queue descriptor. Otherwise, the function returns (mqd_t) -1 and sets the global variable errno to indicate the error.
ERRORS
The mq_open() function fails if: [EACCES] The message queue exists and the permissions specified by oflag are denied, or the message queue does not exist and permission to create the message queue is denied. [EEXIST] O_CREAT and O_EXCL are set and the named message queue already exists. [EINTR] The mq_open() function was interrupted by a signal. [EINVAL] The mq_open() function is not supported for the given name, or O_CREAT was specified in oflag, the value of attr is not NULL, and either mq_maxmsg or mq_msgsize was less than or equal to zero. [EMFILE] Too many message queue descriptors or file descriptors are currently in use by this process. [ENAMETOOLONG] The length of the name argument exceeds {PATH_MAX} or a pathname component is longer than {NAME_MAX}. [ENFILE] Too many message queues are currently open in the sys- tem. [ENOENT] O_CREAT is not set and the named message queue does not exist. [ENOSPC] There is insufficient space for the creation of the new message queue.
SEE ALSO
mq(3), mq_close(3), mq_unlink(3)
STANDARDS
This function conforms to the IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 (``POSIX.1'') stan- dard.
HISTORY
This function first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.
COPYRIGHT
Portions of this text are reprinted and reproduced in electronic form from IEEE Std 1003.1, 2003 Edition, Standard for Information Technology -- Portable Operating System Interface (POSIX), The Open Group Base Spec- ifications Issue 6, Copyright (C) 2001-2003 by the Institute of Electri- cal and Electronics Engineers, Inc and The Open Group. In the event of any discrepancy between this version and the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard, the original IEEE and The Open Group Standard is the ref- eree document. The original Standard can be obtained online at .: http://www.opengroup.org/unix/online.html NetBSD 8.1 June 7, 2010 NetBSD 8.1
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