- NetBSD Manual Pages
CHROOT(8) NetBSD System Manager's Manual CHROOT(8)
Powered by man-cgi (2021-06-01).
Maintained for NetBSD
by Kimmo Suominen.
Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.
chroot -- change root directory
chroot [-G group,group,...] [-g group] [-u user] newroot [command]
The chroot command changes its root directory to the supplied directory
newroot and exec's command, or, if not supplied, an interactive copy of
If the -u, -g, or -G options are given, the user, group, and group list
of the process are set to these values after the chroot has taken place;
see setgid(2), setgroups(2), setuid(2), getgrnam(3), and getpwnam(3).
Note: command or the shell are run as your real-user-id.
The following environment variable is referenced by chroot:
SHELL If set, the string specified by SHELL is interpreted as the name
of the shell to exec. If the variable SHELL is not set, /bin/sh
ldd(1), chdir(2), chroot(2), environ(7)
The chroot utility first appeared in 4.4BSD.
chroot should never be installed setuid root, as it would then be possi-
ble to exploit the program to gain root privileges.
NetBSD 8.1 August 13, 2011 NetBSD 8.1