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KDC(8) NetBSD System Manager's Manual KDC(8)
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kdc -- Kerberos 5 server
kdc [-c file | --config-file=file] [-p | --no-require-preauth]
[--max-request=size] [-H | --enable-http] [--no-524] [--kerberos4]
[--kerberos4-cross-realm] [-r string | --v4-realm=string]
[-K | --kaserver] [-P portspec | --ports=portspec] [--detach]
[--disable-des] [--addresses=list of addresses]
kdc serves requests for tickets. When it starts, it first checks the
flags passed, any options that are not specified with a command line flag
are taken from a config file, or from a default compiled-in value.
-c file, --config-file=file
Specifies the location of the config file, the default is
/var/heimdal/kdc.conf. This is the only value that can't be
specified in the config file.
Turn off the requirement for pre-autentication in the initial AS-
REQ for all principals. The use of pre-authentication makes it
more difficult to do offline password attacks. You might want to
turn it off if you have clients that don't support pre-authenti-
cation. Since the version 4 protocol doesn't support any pre-
authentication, serving version 4 clients is just about the same
as not requiring pre-athentication. The default is to require
pre-authentication. Adding the require-preauth per principal is
a more flexible way of handling this.
Gives an upper limit on the size of the requests that the kdc is
willing to handle.
Makes the kdc listen on port 80 and handle requests encapsulated
don't respond to 524 requests
respond to Kerberos 4 requests
respond to Kerberos 4 requests from foreign realms. This is a
known security hole and should not be enabled unless you under-
stand the consequences and are willing to live with them.
-r string, --v4-realm=string
What realm this server should act as when dealing with version 4
requests. The database can contain any number of realms, but
since the version 4 protocol doesn't contain a realm for the
server, it must be explicitly specified. The default is whatever
is returned by krb_get_lrealm(). This option is only available
if the KDC has been compiled with version 4 support.
Enable kaserver emulation (in case it's compiled in).
-P portspec, --ports=portspec
Specifies the set of ports the KDC should listen on. It is given
as a white-space separated list of services or port numbers.
--addresses=list of addresses
The list of addresses to listen for requests on. By default, the
kdc will listen on all the locally configured addresses. If only
a subset is desired, or the automatic detection fails, this
option might be used.
detach from pty and run as a daemon.
disable add des encryption types, makes the kdc not use them.
All activities are logged to one or more destinations, see krb5.conf(5),
and krb5_openlog(3). The entity used for logging is kdc.
The configuration file has the same syntax as krb5.conf(5), but will be
read before /etc/krb5.conf, so it may override settings found there.
Options specific to the KDC only are found in the ``[kdc]'' section. All
the command-line options can preferably be added in the configuration
file. The only difference is the pre-authentication flag, which has to
be specified as:
require-preauth = no
(in fact you can specify the option as --require-preauth=no).
And there are some configuration options which do not have command-line
enable-digest = boolean
turn on support for digest processing in the KDC. The default
check-ticket-addresses = boolean
Check the addresses in the ticket when processing TGS
requests. The default is TRUE.
allow-null-ticket-addresses = boolean
Permit tickets with no addresses. This option is only rele-
vant when check-ticket-addresses is TRUE.
allow-anonymous = boolean
Permit anonymous tickets with no addresses.
max-kdc-datagram-reply-length = number
Maximum packet size the UDP rely that the KDC will transmit,
instead the KDC sends back a reply telling the client to use
transited-policy = always-check | allow-per-principal |
This controls how KDC requests with the
disable-transited-check flag are handled. It can be one of:
Always check transited encoding, this is the
Currently this is identical to always-check. In a
future release, it will be possible to mark a prin-
cipal as able to handle unchecked requests.
Always do what the client asked. In a future
release, it will be possible to force a check per
encode_as_rep_as_tgs_rep = boolean
Encode AS-Rep as TGS-Rep to be bug-compatible with old DCE
code. The Heimdal clients allow both.
kdc_warn_pwexpire = time
How long before password/principal expiration the KDC should
start sending out warning messages.
The configuration file is only read when the kdc is started. If changes
made to the configuration file are to take effect, the kdc needs to be
An example of a config file:
require-preauth = no
v4-realm = FOO.SE
If the machine running the KDC has new addresses added to it, the KDC
will have to be restarted to listen to them. The reason it doesn't just
listen to wildcarded (like INADDR_ANY) addresses, is that the replies has
to come from the same address they were sent to, and most OS:es doesn't
pass this information to the application. If your normal mode of opera-
tion require that you add and remove addresses, the best option is proba-
bly to listen to a wildcarded TCP socket, and make sure your clients use
TCP to connect. For instance, this will listen to IPv4 TCP port 88 only:
kdc --addresses=0.0.0.0 --ports="88/tcp"
There should be a way to specify protocol, port, and address triplets,
not just addresses and protocol, port tuples.
NetBSD 6.0 August 24, 2006 NetBSD 6.0