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VACATION(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual VACATION(1)
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vacation -- return ``I am not here'' indication
vacation -dIi [-f databasefile] [-m messagefile] [-r interval]
vacation -dj [-a alias] [-F F|R|S] [-f databasefile] [-m messagefile]
[-s sender] [-T A|D] login
vacation returns a message to the sender of a message telling them that
you are currently not reading your mail. The intended use is in a
.forward file. For example, your .forward file might have:
\eric, "|/usr/bin/vacation -a allman eric"
which would send messages to you (assuming your login name was eric) and
reply to any messages for ``eric'' or ``allman''.
Handle messages for alias in the same manner as those received
for the user's login name.
-d Turn debugging on; don't send an actual message, but print it on
Use the specified database_file prefix and append .db to it
instead of $HOME/.vacation.db.
Make vacation additionally look in From: (F), Return-Path: (R),
or Sender: (S) headers to determine the From: field.
-I Initialize the vacation database files. It should be used before
you modify your .forward file.
-j Do not check if the recipient is present in the To: or Cc: lines.
Usage of this option is strongly discouraged because it will
result in vacation replying to mailing lists or other inappropri-
ate places (e.g., messages that you have been Bcc to).
Use message_file instead of $HOME/.vacation.msg.
Reply to sender instead of the the value read from the message.
Set the reply interval to interval days. If the interval number
is followed by w, d, h, m, or s then the number is interpreted as
weeks, days, hours, minutes, or seconds respectively. The
default interval is one week. An interval of ``0'' means that a
reply is sent to each message, and an interval of ``infinite''
(actually, any non-numeric character) will never send more than
one reply. It should be noted that intervals of ``0'' are quite
dangerous, as it allows mailers to get into ``I am on vacation''
-T A|D Make vacation additionally look in Apparently-To: (A) or Deliv-
ered-To: (D) headers to determine the To: field.
No message will be sent unless login (or an alias supplied using the -a
option) is part of either the ``To:'' or ``Cc:'' headers of the mail. No
messages from ``???-REQUEST'', ``Postmaster'', ``UUCP'', ``MAILER'', or
``MAILER-DAEMON'' will be replied to (where these strings are case insen-
sitive) nor is a notification sent if a ``Precedence: bulk''
``Precedence: list'' or ``Precedence: junk'' line is included in the mail
headers. The people who have sent you messages are maintained as a db(3)
database in the file .vacation.db in your home directory.
vacation expects a file .vacation.msg, in your home directory, containing
a message to be sent back to each sender. It should be an entire message
(including headers). If the message contains the string $SUBJECT then it
will will be replaced with the subject of the original message. For
example, it might contain:
From: eric@CS.Berkeley.EDU (Eric Allman)
Subject: I am on vacation
Delivered-By-The-Graces-Of: The Vacation program
I am on vacation until July 22.
Your mail regarding "$SUBJECT" will be read when I return.
If you have something urgent, please contact Keith Bostic
vacation reads the first line from the standard input for a UNIX ``From''
line to determine the sender. sendmail(8) includes this ``From'' line
Fatal errors, such as calling vacation with incorrect arguments, or with
non-existent logins, are logged in the system log file, using syslog(3).
~/.vacation.db database file
~/.vacation.msg message to send
The vacation command appeared in 4.3BSD.
Adding -t A or -t D should only be done for misconfigured or non-compli-
ant MTAs. Doing so may auto-respond to messages that were not supposed
to be replied to.
NetBSD 5.0 August 19, 2004 NetBSD 5.0