modload(8) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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MODLOAD(8)              NetBSD System Manager's Manual              MODLOAD(8)


NAME
modload -- load a kernel module
SYNOPSIS
modload [-dfnsSv] [-A kernel] [-e entry] [-p postinstall] [-o output_file] [-T linker_script] input_file
DESCRIPTION
The modload utility loads a loadable kernel module into a running system. The input file is an object file (.o file). The options to modload are as follows: -d Debug. Used to debug modload itself. -f This forces load of the module, even if it doesn't match the cur- rently running kernel. When LKM is loaded, the kernel normally checks if the LKM is compatible with the running kernel. This option disables this check. Note an incompatible LKM can cause system instability, including data loss or corruption. Don't use this option unless you are sure what you are doing. -n Do everything, except calling the module entry point (and any post-install program). -v Print comments about the loading process. -s Load the symbol table. -S Do not remove the temporary object file. By default, the ld(1) output is removed after being loaded into the kernel. -A kernel Specify the file that is passed to the linker to resolve module references to external symbols. The symbol file must be for the currently running kernel or the module is likely to crash the system. -e entry Specify the module entry point. This is passed by modload to ld(1) when the module is linked. The default module entry point name is `xxxinit'. If `xxxinit' cannot be found, an attempt to use `<module_name>_lkmentry' will be made, where <module_name> is the filename being loaded without the `.o'. -p postinstall Specify the name of a shell script or program that will be exe- cuted if the module is successfully loaded. It is always passed the module id (in decimal) and module type (in hexadecimal) as the first two arguments. For loadable drivers, the third argu- ment is the character major device number and the fourth argument is the block major device number. For a loadable system call, the third argument is the system call number. -o output_file Specify the name of the output file that is produced by the linker. -T linker_script Specify the name of the linker script use to link against the kernel.
FILES
/netbsd default file passed to the linker to resolve external references in the module /usr/include/sys/lkm.h file containing definitions of module types
DIAGNOSTICS
The modload utility exits with a status of 0 on success and with a nonzero status if an error occurs. Mismatched LKM and kernel versions will be reported to the console and to the system message buffer.
SEE ALSO
ld(1), lkm(4), modstat(8), modunload(8)
HISTORY
The modload command was designed to be similar in functionality to the corresponding command in SunOS 4.1.3.
AUTHORS
Terrence R. Lambert <terry@cs.weber.edu>.
BUGS
Loading the symbol table is expensive in terms of space: it presently duplicates all the kernel symbols for each lkm loaded with -s. NetBSD 5.0 March 23, 2006 NetBSD 5.0
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