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FTP-PROXY(8) NetBSD System Manager's Manual FTP-PROXY(8)
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ftp-proxy -- Internet File Transfer Protocol proxy daemon
ftp-proxy [-6Adrv] [-a address] [-b address] [-D level] [-i netif]
[-m maxsessions] [-P port] [-p port] [-q queue] [-R address]
[-T tag] [-t timeout]
ftp-proxy is a proxy for the Internet File Transfer Protocol. FTP con-
trol connections should be redirected into the proxy using the ipnat(4)
or pf(4) rdr command, after which the proxy connects to the server on
behalf of the client.
The proxy allows data connections to pass, rewriting and redirecting them
so that the right addresses are used. All connections from the client to
the server have their source address rewritten so they appear to come
from the proxy. Consequently, all connections from the server to the
proxy have their destination address rewritten, so they are redirected to
the client. The proxy uses the pf(4) anchor facility for this, unless
the option -i is specified, it will then use the ipnat(4) interface.
Assuming the FTP control connection is from $client to $server, the proxy
connected to the server using the $proxy source address, and $port is
negotiated, then ftp-proxy adds the following rules to the various
anchors. (These example rules use inet, but the proxy also supports
In case of active mode (PORT or EPRT):
rdr from $server to $proxy port $port -> $client
pass quick inet proto tcp \
from $server to $client port $port
In case of passive mode (PASV or EPSV):
nat from $client to $server port $port -> $proxy
pass in quick inet proto tcp \
from $client to $server port $port
pass out quick inet proto tcp \
from $proxy to $server port $port
The options are as follows:
-6 IPv6 mode. The proxy will expect and use IPv6 addresses for all
communication. Only the extended FTP modes EPSV and EPRT are
allowed with IPv6. The proxy is in IPv4 mode by default.
-A Only permit anonymous FTP connections. Either user "ftp" or user
"anonymous" is allowed.
The proxy will use this as the source address for the control
connection to a server.
Address where the proxy will listen for redirected control con-
nections. The default is 127.0.0.1, or ::1 in IPv6 mode.
Debug level, ranging from 0 to 7. Higher is more verbose. The
default is 5. (These levels correspond to the syslog(3) levels.)
-d Do not daemonize. The process will stay in the foreground, log-
ging to standard error.
Set ftp-proxy for use with IP-Filter. The argument netif should
be set to the name of the network interface where rdr is applied
Maximum number of concurrent FTP sessions. When the proxy
reaches this limit, new connections are denied. The default is
100 sessions. The limit can be lowered to a minimum of 1, or
raised to a maximum of 500.
Fixed server port. Only used in combination with -R. The
default is port 21.
Port where the proxy will listen for redirected connections. The
default is port 8021.
Create rules with queue queue appended, so that data connections
can be queued.
Fixed server address, also known as reverse mode. The proxy will
always connect to the same server, regardless of where the client
wanted to connect to (before it was redirected). Use this option
to proxy for a server behind NAT, or to forward all connections
to another proxy.
-r Rewrite sourceport to 20 in active mode to suit ancient clients
that insist on this RFC property.
-T tag Automatically tag packets passing through the pf(4) rule with the
Number of seconds that the control connection can be idle, before
the proxy will disconnect. The maximum is 86400 seconds, which
is also the default. Do not set this too low, because the con-
trol connection is usually idle when large data transfers are
-v Set the 'log' flag on pf rules committed by ftp-proxy. Use twice
to set the 'log-all' flag. The pf rules do not log by default.
To make use of the proxy using pf(4), pf.conf(5) needs the following
rules. All anchors are mandatory. Adjust the rules as needed.
In the NAT section:
rdr pass on $int_if proto tcp from $lan to any port 21 -> \
127.0.0.1 port 8021
In the rule section:
pass out proto tcp from $proxy to any port 21
To make use of the proxy using ipnat(4), ipnat.conf(5) need the following
rdr $int_if any port 21 -> 127.0.0.1 port 8021 tcp
ftp(1), ipnat(4), pf(4), ipnat.conf(5), pf.conf(5)
ipnat(4) and pf(4) does not allow the ruleset to be modified if the sys-
tem is running at a securelevel higher than 1. At that level ftp-proxy
cannot add rules to the anchors and FTP data connections may get blocked.
Negotiated data connection ports below 1024 are not allowed.
The negotiated IP address for active modes is ignored for security rea-
sons. This makes third party file transfers impossible.
ftp-proxy chroots to "/var/chroot/ftp-proxy" and changes to user "_proxy"
to drop privileges.
NetBSD 5.0 February 8, 2023 NetBSD 5.0