envsys(4) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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ENVSYS(4)               NetBSD Kernel Interfaces Manual              ENVSYS(4)

envsys -- Environmental Systems framework (version 2)
#include <sys/envsys.h>
The envsys framework provides support to handle hardware monitor devices. Hardware monitoring chips are able to report values from different types of sensors. The envsys framework consists of two parts: 1. the userland part, to receive the current sensor data and to set some properties on sensors: envstat(8). 2. The kernel part that is able to talk to the drivers providing sensor data: sysmon_envsys(9). The envsys framework uses proplib(3) for communication between kernel and user space. The following ioctl(2) types are available: ENVSYS_GETDICTIONARY (prop_dictionary_t) This ioctl(2) is used to receive the global dictionary that is being used in the kernel by the sysmon_envsys(9) framework. It will con- tain an array of dictionaries per device and one dictionary per sen- sor plus another special dictionary that contains the properties for a device. Each sensor dictionary will have their own characteristics and values. The following XML property list represents a virtual device ``device0'' with one sensor ``sensor0'' and all available properties set on it, plus another sensor for the ``device-properties'' dictio- nary (which contains specific properties for a device): <key>device0</key> <array> <dict> <key>allow-rfact</key> <true/> <key>avg-value</key> <integer>36400</integer> <key>battery-capacity</key> <string>NORMAL</string> <key>critical-capacity</key> <integer>21417</integer> <key>critical-max</key> <integer>343150000</integer> <key>critical-min</key> <integer>288150000</integer> <key>cur-value</key> <integer>406000</integer> <key>description</key> <string>CPU Temp</string> <string>index</string> <string>sensor0</string> <key>max-value</key> <integer>3894000</integer> <key>min-value</key> <integer>2894000</integer> <key>monitoring-state-critical</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-state-critover</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-state-critunder</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-state-state-changed</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-state-warnover</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-state-warnunder</key> <true/> <key>monitoring-supported</key> <true/> <key>state</key> <string>valid</string> <key>type</key> <string>Ampere hour</string> <key>want-percentage</key> <true/> </dict> <dict> <key>device-properties</key> <dict> <key>refresh-timeout</key> <integer>0xa</integer> </dict> </dict> </array> Let's explain some more about those objects: allow-rfact Set to true mean that the sensor is able to change the resistor factor, only used in Voltage sensors. avg-value Current average value in the sen- sor. battery-capacity Current capacity state for a bat- tery capacity sensor. critical-capacity Critical capacity set previously by the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2). Only available on sensors with the want-percentage object enabled. critical-max Critical max limit set previously by the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2). critical-min Critical min limit set previously by the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2). cur-value Current value in the sensor. description Description of the sensor. index Index position of the sensor. max-value Current max value in the sensor. min-value Current min value in the sensor. monitoring-state-critical If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor a critical state. monitoring-state-critical-over If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor a critical over state. monitoring-state-critical-under If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor a critical under state. monitoring-state-state-changed If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor for state changes in a drive or Battery state sensor. monitoring-state-warning-over If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor a warning over state. monitoring-state-warning-under If true, the driver has enabled the flag to monitor a warning under state. monitoring-supported If true, critical capacity/max/min limits may be set by the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2). state Current state in the sensor. type Type of unit in the sensor. want-percentage If true, max-value and cur-value are valid and a percentage may be computed from them. ENVSYS_REMOVEPROPS (prop_dictionary_t) This ioctl(2) is used to remove all properties that are currently set via the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl. The values will be set to defaults, the ones that the driver uses. Only one object is allowed on this dictionary: <key>envsys-remove-props</key> <true/> It is a boolean object and must be set to true to be effective. ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY (prop_dictionary_t) This ioctl(2) is used to send a dictionary with new properties that should be processed by the envsys framework. Only a set of prede- fined keywords are recognized by the kernel part. The following is the property list representation of a dictionary with all recognized and required keywords that a sensor understands: <dict> <key>description</key> <string>cpu temp</string> <key>rfact</key> <integer>56000</integer> <key>critical-capacity</key> <integer>10</integer> <key>critical-max</key> <integer>3400</integer> <key>critical-min</key> <integer>2800</integer> </dict> Also if some properties in a device need to be changed, the ``device-properties'' dictionary must be used. At this moment only the ``refresh-timeout'' property is understood. This has the follow- ing structure: <dict> <key>device-properties</key> <dict> <key>refresh-timeout</key> <integer>0xa</integer> </dict> </dict> A dictionary sent to the kernel with this ioctl(2) should have the following structure: <dict> <key>device_name</key> <array> <dict> <key>index</key> <string>sensor0</string> <key>description</key> <string>cpu temp</string> ... Another property for this sensor ... </dict> ... Another dictionary for device-properties or sensor ... </array> ... Another device as above ... </dict> The named device will be an array and will contain dictionaries, any dictionary needs to have the index object specifying the sensor that is required for the new properties. If an unknown object was sent with the dictionary, EINVAL will be returned, or if the sensor does not support changing rfact (voltage sensors) or critical/capacity limits, ENOTSUP will be returned.
When setting a critical max or min limit with the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2), the user must be aware that sysmon_envsys(9) expects to have a proper unit, so the value must be converted. Please see sysmon_envsys(9) for more information. Also when setting a critical capacity limit, the formula to send a proper value to sysmon_envsys(9) is the following: value = (value / 100) * max value. The max value is available in the sensor's dictionary.
The following example shows how to change the description of `sensor0' in the `aiboost0' device with the ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY ioctl(2): int main(void) { prop_dictionary_t global_dict, sensor_dict; prop_array_t array; prop_object_t obj; int fd; global_dict = prop_dictionary_create(); sensor_dict = prop_dictionary_create(); array = prop_array_create(); if (!prop_dictionary_set(global_dict, "aiboost0", array)) err(EINVAL, "prop_dictionary_set global"); obj = prop_string_create_cstring_nocopy("sensor0"); if (obj == NULL || !prop_dictionary_set(dict, "index", obj)) err(EINVAL, "sensor index"); prop_object_release(obj); /* new description */ obj = prop_string_create_cstring_nocopy("CPU temp"); if (obj == NULL || !prop_dictionary_set(dict, "description", obj)) err(EINVAL, "new description"); prop_object_release(obj); if (!prop_array_add(array, sensor_dict)) err(EINVAL, "prop_array_add"); if ((fd = open(_DEV_SYSMON, O_RDWR)) == -1) err(EXIT_FAILURE, "open") /* we are done, send the dictionary */ error = prop_dictionary_send_ioctl(global_dict, fd, ENVSYS_SETDICTIONARY); prop_object_release(array); prop_object_release(global_dict); (void)close(fd); return error; }
envstat(8), powerd(8), sysmon_envsys(9)
The first envsys framework first appeared in NetBSD 1.5. The envsys 2 framework first appeared in NetBSD 5.0.
The (current) envsys 2 framework was implemented by Juan Romero Pardines. Additional input on the design was provided by many NetBSD developers around the world. The first envsys framework was implemented by Jason R. Thorpe, Tim Right- nour, and Bill Squier. NetBSD 5.0 November 13, 2007 NetBSD 5.0
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