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SECURITY.CONF(5) NetBSD File Formats Manual SECURITY.CONF(5)
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security.conf -- daily security check configuration file
The security.conf file specifies which of the standard /etc/security ser-
vices are performed. The /etc/security script is run, by default, every
night from /etc/daily, on a NetBSD system, if configured do to so from
The variables described below can be set to "NO" to disable the test:
check_passwd This checks the /etc/master.passwd file for inconsisten-
check_group This checks the /etc/group file for inconsistencies.
This checks the root users startup files for sane settings
of $PATH and umask. This test is not fail safe and any
warning generated from this should be checked for correct-
This checks that the correct users are in the
check_aliases This checks for security problems in the /etc/mail/aliases
file. For backward compatibility, /etc/aliases will be
checked as well if exists.
check_rhosts This checks for system and user rhosts files with "+" in
check_homes This checks that home directories are owned by the correct
user, and have appropriate permissions.
check_varmail This checks that the correct user owns mail in /var/mail,
and that the mail box has the right permissions.
check_nfs This checks that the /etc/exports file does not export
filesystems to the world.
check_devices This checks for changes to devices and setuid files.
check_mtree This runs mtree(8) to ensure that the system is installed
correctly. The following configuration files are checked:
Default files to check.
Local site additions and overrides.
Specification for the directory DIR.
Backup text copies of the disklabels of available disk
drives into /var/backups/work/disklabel.XXX, and display
any differences in those and the previous copies as per
check_changelist below. If fdisk(8) is available on the
current platform, the output of /sbin/fdisk for each
available disk drive is stored in
/var/backups/work/fdisk.XXX, and any differences displayed
as per the disklabels.
check_pkgs This stores a list of all installed pkgs into
/var/backups/work/pkgs and checks it for any changes.
This determines a list of files from the contents of
/etc/changelist, and the output of mtree -D for
/etc/mtree/special and /etc/mtree/special.local. For each
file in the list it compares the files with their backups
in /var/backups/file.current and /var/backups/file.backup,
and displays any differences found. The following
mtree(8) tags modify how files are determined from
/etc/mtree/special and /etc/mtree/special.local:
exclude The entry is ignored; no backups are made
and the differences are not displayed.
This includes dynamic or binary files such
nodiff The entry is backed up but the differences
are not displayed because the contents of
the file are sensitive. This includes
files such as /etc/master.passwd.
The variables described below can be set to modify the tests:
During the check_homes phase, allow the checked files to
be group-writable if the group name is the same as the
Lists filesystem types to ignore during the check_devices
phase. Prefixing the type with a `!' inverts the match.
For example, `procfs !local' will ignore `procfs' type
filesystems and filesystems that are not `local'.
Lists pathnames to ignore during the check_devices phase.
Prefixing the path with a `!' inverts the match. For
example, `/tftp' will ignore paths under /tftp while
`!/home' will ignore paths that are not under /home.
During the check_mtree phase, instruct mtree to follow
symbolic links. Please note, this may cause the
check_mtree phase to report errors for entries for these
symbolic links (i.e. of type=link in the mtree specifica-
tion) as they will always appear to be plain files for the
purposes of the check. /etc/mtree/special.local may be
used to override the checks for the affected links.
If check_passwd is enabled, most warnings will be sup-
pressed for entries whose shells are listed in this space-
separated list. This is of particular value when those
shells are not in /etc/shells.
If check_passwd is enabled, suppress warnings for these
If check_passwd is enabled, do not warn about login names
which use non-alphanumeric characters.
If check_passwd is enabled, do not warn about password
fields set to ``*''. Note that the use of password fields
such as ``*ssh'' is encouraged, instead.
max_grouplen If check_group is enabled, this determines the maximum
permitted length of group names.
max_loginlen If check_passwd is enabled, this determines the maximum
permitted length of login names.
backup_dir Change the backup directory from /var/backup.
diff_options Specify the options passed to diff(1) when it is invoked
to show changes made to system files. Defaults to ``-u'',
for unified-format context-diffs.
pkgdb_dir Change the pkg database directory from /var/db/pkg when
check_pkgs is enabled.
Use rcs(1) for maintaining backup copies of files noted in
check_devices, check_disklabels, check_pkgs, and
check_changelist instead of just keeping a current copy
and a backup copy.
/etc/defaults/security.conf defaults for /etc/security.conf
/etc/security daily security check script
/etc/security.conf daily security check configuration
/etc/security.local local site additions to /etc/security
The security.conf file appeared in NetBSD 1.3. The check_disklabels
functionality was added in NetBSD 1.4. The backup_uses_rcs and
check_pkgs features were added in NetBSD 1.6. diff_options appeared in
NetBSD 2.0; prior to that, traditional-format (context free) diffs were
NetBSD 5.0.1 May 29, 2006 NetBSD 5.0.1