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PFLOGD(8) NetBSD System Manager's Manual PFLOGD(8)
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pflogd -- packet filter logging daemon
pflogd [-Dx] [-d delay] [-f filename] [-i interface] [-p pidfile]
[-s snaplen] [expression]
pflogd is a background daemon which reads packets logged by pf(4) to a
pflog(4) interface, normally pflog0, and writes the packets to a logfile
(normally /var/log/pflog) in tcpdump(8) binary format. These logs can be
reviewed later using the -r option of tcpdump(8), hopefully offline in
case there are bugs in the packet parsing code of tcpdump(8).
pflogd closes and then re-opens the log file when it receives SIGHUP,
permitting newsyslog(8) to rotate logfiles automatically. SIGALRM causes
pflogd to flush the current logfile buffers to the disk, thus making the
most recent logs available. The buffers are also flushed every delay
If the log file contains data after a restart or a SIGHUP, new logs are
appended to the existing file. If the existing log file was created with
a different snaplen, pflogd temporarily uses the old snaplen to keep the
log file consistent.
pflogd tries to preserve the integrity of the log file against I/O
errors. Furthermore, integrity of an existing log file is verified
before appending. If there is an invalid log file or an I/O error, the
log file is moved out of the way and a new one is created. If a new file
cannot be created, logging is suspended until a SIGHUP or a SIGALRM is
The options are as follows:
-D Debugging mode. pflogd does not disassociate from the control-
Time in seconds to delay between automatic flushes of the file.
This may be specified with a value between 5 and 3600 seconds.
If not specified, the default is 60 seconds.
Log output filename. Default is /var/log/pflog.
Specifies the pflog(4) interface to use. By default, pflogd will
Writes a file containing the process ID of the program. The file
name has the form /var/run/pidname.pid. If the option is not
given, pidfile defaults to pflogd.
Analyze at most the first snaplen bytes of data from each packet
rather than the default of 116. The default of 116 is adequate
for IP, ICMP, TCP, and UDP headers but may truncate protocol
information for other protocols. Other file parsers may desire a
-x Check the integrity of an existing log file, and return.
Selects which packets will be dumped, using the regular language
/var/run/pflogd.pid Process ID of the currently running pflogd.
/var/log/pflog Default log file.
Log specific tcp packets to a different log file with a large snaplen
(useful with a log-all rule to dump complete sessions):
# pflogd -s 1600 -f suspicious.log port 80 and host evilhost
Log from another pflog(4) interface, excluding specific packets:
# pflogd -i pflog3 -f network3.log "not (tcp and port 23)"
Display binary logs:
# tcpdump -n -e -ttt -r /var/log/pflog
Display the logs in real time (this does not interfere with the operation
# tcpdump -n -e -ttt -i pflog0
Tcpdump has been extended to be able to filter on the pfloghdr structure
defined in <net/if_pflog.h>. Tcpdump can restrict the output to packets
logged on a specified interface, a rule number, a reason, a direction, an
IP family or an action.
ip Address family equals IPv4.
ip6 Address family equals IPv6.
ifname kue0 Interface name equals "kue0".
on kue0 Interface name equals "kue0".
ruleset authpf Ruleset name equals "authpf".
rulenum 10 Rule number equals 10.
reason match Reason equals match. Also accepts "bad-offset", "frag-
ment", "bad-timestamp", "short", "normalize", "memory",
"congestion", "ip-option", "proto-cksum", "state-mis-
match", "state-insert", "state-limit", "src-limit", and
action pass Action equals pass. Also accepts "block".
inbound The direction was inbound.
outbound The direction was outbound.
Display the logs in real time of inbound packets that were blocked on the
# tcpdump -n -e -ttt -i pflog0 inbound and action block and on wi0
pcap(3), pf(4), pflog(4), pf.conf(5), newsyslog(8), tcpdump(8)
The pflogd command appeared in OpenBSD 3.0.
pflogd was written by Can Erkin Acar <firstname.lastname@example.org>.
NetBSD 5.0.1 September 23, 2023 NetBSD 5.0.1