nsdispatch(3) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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NSDISPATCH(3)           NetBSD Library Functions Manual          NSDISPATCH(3)


NAME
nsdispatch -- name-service switch dispatcher routine
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <nsswitch.h> int nsdispatch(void *retval, const ns_dtab dtab[], const char *database, const char *method, const ns_src defaults[], ...);
DESCRIPTION
The nsdispatch() function invokes the callback functions specified in dtab in the order given in /etc/nsswitch.conf for the database database until the action criteria for a source of that database is fulfilled. retval is passed to each callback function to modify as necessary (to pass back to the caller of nsdispatch()). Each callback has the function signature described by the typedef: typedef int (*nss_method)(void *retval, void *cb_data, va_list ap); dtab is an array of ns_dtab structures, which have the following format: typedef struct { const char *src; nss_method cb; void *cb_data; } ns_dtab; The dtab array should consist of one entry for each source type that has a static implementation, with src as the name of the source, cb as a function which handles that source, and cb_data as a pointer to arbitrary data to be passed to the callback. The last entry in dtab should contain NULL values for src, cb, and cb_data. Callbacks may also be provided by dynamically-loaded modules, in which case they are selected using the database and method arguments in addi- tion to the configured source. method is usually the name of the func- tion calling nsdispatch(). Note that the callbacks provided by dtab take priority over those implemented in dynamically-loaded modules in the event of a conflict. defaults contains a list of default sources to try in the case of a miss- ing or corrupt nsswitch.conf(5), or if there isn't a relevant entry for database. It is an array of ns_src structures, which have the following format: typedef struct { const char *src; uint32_t flags; } ns_src; The defaults array should consist of one entry for each source to consult by default indicated by src, and flags set to the desired behavior (usually NS_SUCCESS; refer to Callback return values for more information). The last entry in defaults should have src set to NULL and flags set to 0. Some invokers of nsdispatch() (such as setgrent(3)) need to force all methods to be invoked, irrespective of the action criteria listed in nsswitch.conf(5). This can be achieved by adding NS_FORCEALL to defaults[0].flags before invoking nsdispatch(). The return value of nsdispatch() will be the result of the final call- back method invoked. For convenience, a global variable defined as: extern const ns_src __nsdefaultsrc[]; exists which contains a single default entry for `files' for use by callers which don't require complicated default rules. `...' are optional extra arguments, which are passed to the appropriate callback function as a variable argument list of the type va_list. Dynamically-loaded module interface The nsdispatch() function loads callback modules from the run-time link- editor's search path using the following naming convention: nss_<source>.so.<version> <source> The source that the module implements. <version> The nsdispatch module interface version, which is defined by the integer NSS_MODULE_INTERFACE_VERSION, which has the value 0. When a module is loaded, nsdispatch() looks for and calls the following function in the module: ns_mtab * nss_module_register(const char *source, u_int *nelems, nss_module_unregister_fn *unreg); source The name of the source that the module implements, as used by nsdispatch() to construct the module's name. nelems A pointer to an unsigned integer that nss_module_register() should set to the number of elements in the ns_mtab array returned by nss_module_register(). unreg A pointer to a function pointer that nss_module_resgister() can optionally set to a function to be invoked when the module is unloaded. The unregister function signature is described by the typedef: typedef void (*nss_module_unregister_fn)(ns_mtab *mtab, u_int nelems); nss_module_register() returns an array of ns_mtab structures, which have the following format: typedef struct { const char *database; const char *name; nss_method method; void *mdata; } ns_mtab; The mtab array should consist of one entry for each method that is implemented, with database as the name of the database, name as the name of the method, method as the callback that implements the method, and mdata as a pointer to arbitrary data to be passed to the callback. Valid source types While there is support for arbitrary sources, the following #defines for commonly implemented sources are provided: #define value NSSRC_FILES "files" NSSRC_DNS "dns" NSSRC_NIS "nis" NSSRC_COMPAT "compat" Refer to nsswitch.conf(5) for a complete description of what each source type is. Valid database types While there is support for arbitrary databases, the following #defines for currently implemented system databases are provided: #define value NSDB_HOSTS "hosts" NSDB_GROUP "group" NSDB_NETGROUP "netgroup" NSDB_NETWORKS "networks" NSDB_PASSWD "passwd" NSDB_SHELLS "shells" Refer to nsswitch.conf(5) for a complete description of what each data- base is. Callback return values The callback functions should return one of the following values depend- ing upon status of the lookup: Return value Status code NS_SUCCESS success NS_NOTFOUND notfound NS_UNAVAIL unavail NS_TRYAGAIN tryagain Refer to nsswitch.conf(5) for a complete description of what each status code is. nsdispatch returns the value of the callback that caused the dispatcher to finish, or NS_NOTFOUND otherwise.
SEE ALSO
ld.elf_so(1), hesiod(3), stdarg(3), ypclnt(3), nsswitch.conf(5)
HISTORY
The nsdispatch routines first appeared in NetBSD 1.4. Support for dynam- ically-loaded modules first appeared in NetBSD 3.0.
AUTHORS
Luke Mewburn <lukem@NetBSD.org> wrote this freely distributable name-ser- vice switch implementation, using ideas from the ULTRIX svc.conf(5) and Solaris nsswitch.conf(4) manual pages. Support for dynamically-loaded modules was added by Jason Thorpe <thorpej@NetBSD.org>, based on code developed by the FreeBSD Project. NetBSD 4.0 September 28, 2004 NetBSD 4.0
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