settimeofday(2) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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GETTIMEOFDAY(2)           NetBSD System Calls Manual           GETTIMEOFDAY(2)


NAME
gettimeofday, settimeofday -- get/set date and time
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/time.h> int gettimeofday(struct timeval * restrict tp, void * restrict tzp); int settimeofday(const struct timeval * restrict tp, const void * restrict tzp);
DESCRIPTION
Note: time zone information is no longer provided by this interface. See localtime(3) for information on how to retrieve it. The system's notion of the current UTC time is obtained with the gettimeofday() call, and set with the settimeofday() call. The time is expressed in seconds and microseconds since midnight (0 hour), January 1, 1970. The resolution of the system clock is hardware dependent, and the time may be updated continuously or in ``ticks''. If tp is NULL, the time will not be returned or set. Despite being declared void *, the objects pointed to by tzp shall be of type struct timezone. The structures pointed to by tp and tzp are defined in <sys/time.h>. The first one is described in timeval(3) and the latter legacy structure is defined as: struct timezone { int tz_minuteswest; /* of Greenwich */ int tz_dsttime; /* type of dst correction to apply */ }; The timezone structure is provided only for source compatibility. It is ignored by settimeofday(), and gettimeofday() will always return zeroes. The settimeofday() system call is available only for the super-user. If the calling user is not the super-user, the system call will fail, and the settimeofday() function in the standard C library will try to use the clockctl(4) device if present, thus making it possible for non privileged users to set the system time. If clockctl(4) is not present or not accessible, then settimeofday() returns EPERM.
RETURN VALUES
A return value 0 indicates that the call succeeded. A return value -1 indicates an error occurred, and in this case an error code is stored into the global variable errno.
ERRORS
The following error codes may be set in errno: [EFAULT] An argument address referenced invalid memory. [EPERM] A user other than the super user attempted to set the time, or the specified time was less than the current time, which was not permitted at the current security level.
SEE ALSO
date(1), adjtime(2), ctime(3), localtime(3), clockctl(4), timed(8)
HISTORY
The gettimeofday() function call appeared in 4.2BSD. The tzp argument was deprecated in 4.4BSD (and many other systems). NetBSD 9.99 December 8, 2015 NetBSD 9.99
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