physio(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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PHYSIO(9)              NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual              PHYSIO(9)


NAME
physio -- initiate I/O on raw devices
SYNOPSIS
int physio(void (*strategy)(buf_t *), buf_t *bp, dev_t dev, int flags, void (*minphys)(buf_t *), struct uio *uio);
DESCRIPTION
The physio() is a helper function typically called from character device read and write routines to start I/O on a user process buffer. It calls back on the provided strategy routine one or more times to complete the transfer described by uio. The maximum amount of data to transfer with each call to strategy is determined by the minphys routine. Since uio normally describes user space addresses, physio() needs to lock the appropriate data area into memory before each transaction with strategy (see uvm_vslock(9) and uvm_vsunlock(9)). The physio() function always awaits the completion of the entire requested transfer before returning, unless an error condition is detected earlier. In all cases, the buffer passed in bp is locked (marked as ``busy'') for the duration of the entire transfer. A break-down of the arguments follows: strategy The device strategy routine to call for each chunk of data to initiate device I/O. bp The buffer to use with the strategy routine. The buffer flags will have B_BUSY, B_PHYS, and B_RAW set when passed to the strategy routine. If NULL, a buffer is allocated from a sys- tem pool. dev The device number identifying the device to interact with. flags Direction of transfer; the only valid settings are B_READ or B_WRITE. minphys A device specific routine called to determine the maximum transfer size that the device's strategy routine can handle. uio The description of the entire transfer as requested by the user process. Currently, the results of passing a uio struc- ture with the `uio_segflg' set to anything other than UIO_USERSPACE, are undefined.
RETURN VALUES
If successful physio() returns 0. EFAULT is returned if the address range described by uio is not accessible by the requesting process. physio() will return any error resulting from calls to the device strat- egy routine, by examining the B_ERROR buffer flag and the `b_error' field. Note that the actual transfer size may be less than requested by uio if the device signals an ``end of file'' condition.
SEE ALSO
read(2), write(2) NetBSD 9.99 September 12, 2019 NetBSD 9.99
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