devsw(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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DEVSW(9)               NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual               DEVSW(9)

devsw, devsw_attach, devsw_detach, bdevsw_lookup, cdevsw_lookup, bdevsw_lookup_major, cdevsw_lookup_major -- character and block device switch functions
#include <sys/conf.h> int devsw_attach(const char *devname, const struct bdevsw *bev, devmajor_t *bmajor, const struct cdevsw *cdev, devmajor_t *cmajor); void devsw_detach(const struct bdevsw *bdev, const struct cdevsw *cdev); const struct bdevsw * bdevsw_lookup(dev_t dev); const struct cdevsw * cdevsw_lookup(dev_t dev); devmajor_t bdevsw_lookup_major(const struct bdevsw *bdev); devmajor_t cdevsw_lookup_major(const struct cdevsw *cdev);
If a device driver has character device interfaces accessed from user- land, the driver must define a cdevsw structure. If the driver also has block device interfaces, the driver must additionally define a bdevsw structure. These structures are constant, and are defined within the driver(9). For drivers which are included in the kernel via config(1), the cdevsw and bdevsw structures are automatically linked into the configuration database. For drivers which are separately loaded, the devsw_attach() function creates the necessary linkage and associates the cdev and optional bdev with the driver(9). If there is no block device interface needed, bdev should be set to NULL and bmajor to NODEVMAJOR. The devname, major number, and device type (character or block) must corre- spond to the device file which will be opened by user programs. By pass- ing NODEVMAJOR to the function for the cmajor or bmajor, the major number can be automatically generated. It can then be returned to userspace (for example, using sysctl(8)) for creation of the device node. The devsw_detach() function is used to detach the bdev and cdev struc- tures. devsw_detach() should be called before a loaded device driver is unloaded. The caller must ensure that there are no open instances of the device, and that the device's d_open function will fail, before calling devsw_detach(). The bdevsw_lookup() and cdevsw_lookup() functions return const struct bdevsw * and const struct cdevsw * for the given dev. The bdevsw_lookup_major() and cdevsw_lookup_major() functions return devmajor_t for the given const struct bdevsw * or const struct cdevsw *.
Upon successful completion, devsw_attach() returns 0. Otherwise it returns an error value. In case of failure, bdevsw_lookup() and cdevsw_lookup() return the NULL value. The bdevsw_lookup_major() and cdevsw_lookup_major() functions return NODEVMAJOR for an unsuccessful completion.
driver(9) NetBSD 10.99 February 2, 2023 NetBSD 10.99
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