fstrans(9) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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FSTRANS(9)             NetBSD Kernel Developer's Manual             FSTRANS(9)


NAME
fstrans, fstrans_setstate, fstrans_getstate, fstrans_start, fstrans_start_nowait, fstrans_start_lazy, fstrans_done, fstrans_is_owner, fscow_establish, fscow_disestablish, fscow_run -- file system suspension helper subsystem
SYNOPSIS
#include <sys/mount.h> #include <sys/fstrans.h> void fstrans_start(struct mount *mp); int fstrans_start_nowait(struct mount *mp); void fstrans_start_lazy(struct mount *mp); void fstrans_done(struct mount *mp); int fstrans_setstate(struct mount *mp, enum fstrans_state new_state); enum fstrans_state fstrans_getstate(struct mount *mp); int fstrans_is_owner(struct mount *mp); int fscow_establish(struct mount *mp, int (*func)(void *, struct buf *, bool), void *cookie); int fscow_disestablish(struct mount *mp, int (*func)(void *, struct buf *, bool), void *cookie); int fscow_run(struct buf *bp, bool data_valid);
DESCRIPTION
The fstrans subsystem assists file system suspension and copy-on-write snapshots. The file system's normal operations, such as its vnodeops(9), must be bracketed by fstrans_start() and fstrans_done() in a shared transaction, which is blocked by suspending the file system and while it is suspended. Operations needed while suspending the file system must be bracketed by fstrans_start_lazy() and fstrans_done() in a lazy transaction, which is allowed while suspending the file system, but blocked while the file sys- tem is suspended. Transactions are per-thread and nestable: if a thread is already in a transaction, it can enter another transaction without blocking. Each fstrans_start() must be paired with fstrans_done(). Transactions for multiple distinct mount points may not be nested. The file system's VFS_SUSPENDCTL(9) method can use fstrans_setstate() to: - enter the FSTRANS_SUSPENDING state to suspend all normal operations but allow lazy transactions, - enter the FSTRANS_SUSPENDED state to suspend all operations, and - restore to the FSTRANS_NORMAL state to resume all operations. A file system supporting fstrans may establish a copy-on-write callback with fscow_establish(). The copy-on-write callback will be called every time a buffer is written to a block device with VOP_STRATEGY() and every time a buffer is read into the buffercache(9) with B_MODIFY set indicat- ing the caller's intent to modify it. Anyone modifying a buffer may additionally use fscow_run() to explicitly invoke the established call- back. The copy-on-write callback must be disestablished with fscow_disestablish() when the file system is done with it.
FUNCTIONS
fstrans_start(mp) Enter a transaction on the file system mp in the current thread. If the file system is in a state that blocks such transactions, wait until it changes state to one that does not. If the file system is suspended, wait until it is resumed. However, if the current thread is already in a transaction on mp, fstrans_start() will enter a nested transaction and return immedi- ately without waiting. May sleep. fstrans_start_nowait(mp) Like fstrans_start(), but return EBUSY immediately if transactions are blocked in its current state. May sleep nevertheless on internal locks. fstrans_start_lazy(mp) Like fstrans_start(), but will not block while suspending. May sleep. fstrans_done(mp) End the current transaction on mp. fstrans_getstate(mp) Return the current state of the file system mp. Must be called within a transaction for the answer to be stable. fstrans_setstate(mp, new_state) Change the state of the file system mp to new_state, and wait for all transactions not allowed in new_state to complete. FSTRANS_NORMAL Allow all transactions. FSTRANS_SUSPENDING Block FSTRANS_SHARED transactions but allow FSTRANS_LAZY transactions. FSTRANS_SUSPENDED Block all transactions. A thread that changes a file system to a state other than FSTRANS_NORMAL enters a transaction for the purposes of fstrans_getstate() until it changes state back to FSTRANS_NORMAL. Additionally, a thread that changes a file system to a state other than FSTRANS_NORMAL acquires an exclusive lock on the file system state, so that fstrans_is_owner() will return true in that thread, and no other thread can change the file system's state until the owner restores it to FSTRANS_NORMAL. May sleep, and may be interrupted by a signal. On success, return zero. On failure, restore the file system to the FSTRANS_NORMAL state and return an error code. fstrans_setstate() never fails if new_state is FSTRANS_NORMAL. fstrans_is_owner(mp) Return true if the current thread is currently suspending the file system mp. fscow_establish(mp, func, cookie) Establish a copy-on-write callback for the file system mp. The function func will be called for every buffer bp written through this file system as func(cookie, bp, data_valid) where data_valid is true if and only if the buffer bp has not yet been modified. May sleep. fscow_disestablish(mp, func, cookie) Disestablish a copy-on-write callback established with fscow_establish(). May sleep. fscow_run(bp, data_valid) Run all copy-on-write callbacks established for the file system this buffer belongs to, if they have not already been run for this buffer. If data_valid is true the buffer data has not yet been modified. May sleep.
EXAMPLES
The following is an example of a file system suspend operation. int xxx_suspendctl(struct mount *mp, int cmd) { int error; switch (cmd) { case SUSPEND_SUSPEND: error = fstrans_setstate(mp, FSTRANS_SUSPENDING); if (error) return error; return fstrans_setstate(mp, FSTRANS_SUSPENDED); case SUSPEND_RESUME: return fstrans_setstate(mp, FSTRANS_NORMAL); default: return EINVAL; } } This is an example of a file system operation. int xxx_create(void *v) { struct vop_create_args *ap = v; struct mount *mp = ap->a_dvp->v_mount; int error; fstrans_start(mp); /* Actually create the node. */ fstrans_done(mp); return 0; }
CODE REFERENCES
The fstrans subsystem is implemented in the file sys/kern/vfs_trans.c.
SEE ALSO
vfs_resume(9), vfs_suspend(9)
HISTORY
The fstrans subsystem appeared in NetBSD 5.0.
AUTHORS
The fstrans subsystem was written by Jürgen Hannken-Illjes <hannken@NetBSD.org>.
BUGS
fstrans is useful only for temporary suspension -- it does not help to permanently block file system operations for unmounting, because fstrans_start() cannot fail. NetBSD 9.99 October 4, 2018 NetBSD 9.99
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