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GETPRIORITY(2) NetBSD System Calls Manual GETPRIORITY(2)
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getpriority, setpriority -- get/set program scheduling priority
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
getpriority(int which, id_t who);
setpriority(int which, id_t who, int prio);
The scheduling priority of the process, process group, or user, as indi-
cated by which and who is obtained with the getpriority() call and set
with the setpriority() call.
The priority is maintained in a per-process basis and affects scheduling
of LWPs which belong to the process and use the SCHED_OTHER scheduling
which is one of PRIO_PROCESS, PRIO_PGRP, or PRIO_USER, and who is inter-
preted relative to which (a process identifier for PRIO_PROCESS, process
group identifier for PRIO_PGRP, and a user ID for PRIO_USER). A zero
value of who denotes the current process, process group, or user. prio
is a value in the range -20 to 20. The default priority is 0; numeri-
cally lower priority values cause more favorable scheduling. A value of
19 or 20 will schedule a process only when nothing at priority <= 0 is
The getpriority() call returns the highest priority (lowest numerical
value) enjoyed by any of the specified processes. The setpriority() call
sets the priorities of all of the specified processes to the specified
value. Only the super-user may lower priority values.
Since getpriority() can legitimately return the value -1, it is necessary
to clear the external variable errno prior to the call, then check it
afterward to determine if a -1 is an error or a legitimate value. The
setpriority() call returns 0 if there is no error, or -1 if there is.
getpriority() and setpriority() will fail if:
[EINVAL] which was not one of PRIO_PROCESS, PRIO_PGRP, or
[ESRCH] No process was located using the which and who values
In addition to the errors indicated above, setpriority() will fail if:
[EACCES] A non super-user attempted to lower a process priority
[EPERM] A process was located, but neither its effective nor
real user ID matched the effective user ID of the
nice(1), fork(2), sched(3), renice(8)
The getpriority() function call appeared in 4.2BSD.
NetBSD 9.3 April 13, 2012 NetBSD 9.3