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GETADDRINFO(1) NetBSD General Commands Manual GETADDRINFO(1)
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getaddrinfo -- resolve names to socket addresses
getaddrinfo [-cNnP] [-f family] [-p protocol] [-s service[/protocol]]
[-t socktype] [hostname]
The getaddrinfo utility resolves host and service names to socket
addresses as if with the getaddrinfo(3) routine and formats them to stan-
The output is a sequence of lines of space-separated fields:
socket-type address-family protocol [af-specific data ...]
For the ``inet'' and ``inet6'' address families, the af-specific data are
the IP/IPv6 address and port number.
Although the getaddrinfo utility may query the DNS to give answers,
depending on the system's nsswitch.conf(5) configuration, it is not
intended to be a general-purpose utility to query the DNS; use the dig(1)
utility for that.
The following options are available:
-c Look up a canonical name as if with the AI_CANONNAME flag to
getaddrinfo(3) and print it on the first line before the socket
Specify an address family. Address families are named like the
AF_... constants for address family numbers in the <sys/socket.h>
header file but without the AF_ prefix and lowercase. For exam-
ple, ``inet'' corresponds with AF_INET.
-N Treat the service as numeric and do not attempt service name res-
olution, as if with the AI_NUMERICSERV flag to getaddrinfo(3).
-n Treat the hostname as a numeric address and do not attempt name
resolution, as if with the AI_NUMERICHOST flag to getaddrinfo(3).
-P Return socket addresses intended for use with bind(2), as if with
the AI_PASSIVE flag to getaddrinfo(3). By default, the socket
addresses are intended for use with connect(2), sendto(2), or
Specify a protocol. Protocols may be numeric, or symbolic as
listed in protocols(5).
Specify a service to look up. Services may be symbolic or
numeric with an optional protocol suffix as listed in
services(5). If no service is specified, a hostname must be
Specify a socket type. Socket types are named like the SOCK_...
constants for socket type numbers in the <sys/socket.h> header
file but without the SOCK_ prefix and lowercase. For example,
``dgram'' corresponds with SOCK_DGRAM.
The getaddrinfo utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.
Look up ``www.NetBSD.org'':
$ getaddrinfo www.NetBSD.org
dgram inet6 udp 2001:4f8:3:7:2e0:81ff:fe52:9ab6 0
dgram inet udp 22.214.171.124 0
stream inet6 tcp 2001:4f8:3:7:2e0:81ff:fe52:9ab6 0
stream inet tcp 126.96.36.199 0
The port number here is zero because no service was specified.
Look up ``morden.NetBSD.org'' for stream sockets on port 80, and show the
$ getaddrinfo -c -t stream -s 80 morden.NetBSD.org
stream inet6 tcp 2001:470:1f05:3d::21 80
stream inet tcp 188.8.131.52 80
dig(1), getent(1), getaddrinfo(3), getnameinfo(3), resolver(3), hosts(5),
nsswitch.conf(5), protocols(5), resolv.conf(5), services(5)
The getaddrinfo command first appeared in NetBSD 7.0.
NetBSD 9.2 April 22, 2014 NetBSD 9.2