test(1) - NetBSD Manual Pages

Command: Section: Arch: Collection:  
TEST(1)                 NetBSD General Commands Manual                 TEST(1)


NAME
test, [ -- condition evaluation utility
SYNOPSIS
test expression [ expression ]
DESCRIPTION
The test utility evaluates expression and, if it evaluates to true, returns a zero (true) exit status; otherwise it returns 1 (false). If expression is not given, test also returns 1 (false). All operators and flags are separate arguments to the test utility. The following primaries are used to construct expression: -b file True if file exists and is a block special file. -c file True if file exists and is a character special file. -d file True if file exists and is a directory. -e file True if file exists (regardless of type). -f file True if file exists and is a regular file. -g file True if file exists and its set group ID flag is set. -h file True if file exists and is a symbolic link. -k file True if file exists and its sticky bit is set. -n string True if the length of string is nonzero. -p file True if file exists and is a named pipe (FIFO). -r file True if file exists and is readable. -s file True if file exists and has a size greater than zero. -t file_descriptor True if the file whose file descriptor number is file_descriptor is open and is associated with a terminal. -u file True if file exists and its set user ID flag is set. -w file True if file exists and is writable. True indicates only that the write flag is on. The file is not writable on a read-only file system even if this test indicates true. -x file True if file exists and is executable. True indicates only that the execute flag is on. If file is a directory, true indicates that file can be searched. -z string True if the length of string is zero. -L file True if file exists and is a symbolic link. This operator is retained for compatibility with previous versions of this program. Do not rely on its existence; use -h instead. -O file True if file exists and its owner matches the effective user id of this process. -G file True if file exists and its group matches the effective group id of this process. -S file True if file exists and is a socket. file1 -nt file2 True if file1 exists and is newer than file2. file1 -ot file2 True if file1 exists and is older than file2. file1 -ef file2 True if file1 and file2 exist and refer to the same file. string True if string is not the null string. s1 = s2 True if the strings s1 and s2 are identical. s1 != s2 True if the strings s1 and s2 are not identical. s1 < s2 True if string s1 comes before s2 based on the ASCII value of their characters. s1 > s2 True if string s1 comes after s2 based on the ASCII value of their characters. n1 -eq n2 True if the integers n1 and n2 are algebraically equal. n1 -ne n2 True if the integers n1 and n2 are not algebraically equal. n1 -gt n2 True if the integer n1 is algebraically greater than the integer n2. n1 -ge n2 True if the integer n1 is algebraically greater than or equal to the integer n2. n1 -lt n2 True if the integer n1 is algebraically less than the inte- ger n2. n1 -le n2 True if the integer n1 is algebraically less than or equal to the integer n2. These primaries can be combined with the following operators: ! expression True if expression is false. expression1 -a expression2 True if both expression1 and expression2 are true. expression1 -o expression2 True if either expression1 or expression2 is true. ( expression ) True if expression is true. The -a operator has higher precedence than the -o operator. Note that all file tests with the exception of -h and -L follow symbolic links and thus evaluate the test for the file pointed at.
EXIT STATUS
The test utility exits with one of the following values: 0 expression evaluated to true. 1 expression evaluated to false or was missing. >1 An error occurred.
STANDARDS
The test utility implements a superset of the IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') specification.
HISTORY
A test utility appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX.
CAVEATS
The test grammar is inherently ambiguous. In order to assure a degree of consistency, the cases described in IEEE Std 1003.2 (``POSIX.2'') section 4.62.4, are evaluated consistently according to the rules specified in the standards document. All other cases are subject to the ambiguity in the command semantics. NetBSD 8.0 August 12, 2016 NetBSD 8.0
Powered by man-cgi (2020-09-24). Maintained for NetBSD by Kimmo Suominen. Based on man-cgi by Panagiotis Christias.