link(2) - NetBSD Manual Pages

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LINK(2)                   NetBSD System Calls Manual                   LINK(2)


NAME
link -- make a hard file link
LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc)
SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int link(const char *name1, const char *name2);
DESCRIPTION
The link() function call atomically creates the specified directory entry (hard link) name2 with the attributes of the underlying object pointed at by name1. If the link is successful: the link count of the underlying object is incremented; name1 and name2 share equal access and rights to the underlying object. If name1 is removed, the file name2 is not deleted and the link count of the underlying object is decremented. name1 must exist for the hard link to succeed and both name1 and name2 must be in the same file system. name1 may not be a directory unless the caller is the super-user and the file system containing it supports link- ing to directories.
RETURN VALUES
Upon successful completion, a value of 0 is returned. Otherwise, a value of -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error.
ERRORS
link() will fail and no link will be created if: [ENOTDIR] A component of either path prefix is not a directory. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} charac- ters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} char- acters. [ENOENT] A component of either path prefix does not exist. [EACCES] A component of either path prefix denies search per- mission, or the requested link requires writing in a directory with a mode that denies write permission. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translat- ing one of the pathnames. [ENOENT] The file named by name1 does not exist. [EOPNOTSUPP] The file system containing the file named by name1 does not support links. [EMLINK] The link count of the file named by name1 would exceed {LINK_MAX}. [EEXIST] The link named by name2 does exist. [EPERM] The file named by name1 is a directory and the effec- tive user ID is not super-user, or the file system containing the file does not permit the use of link() on a directory. [EXDEV] The link named by name2 and the file named by name1 are on different file systems. [ENOSPC] The directory in which the entry for the new link is being placed cannot be extended because there is no space left on the file system containing the direc- tory. [EDQUOT] The directory in which the entry for the new link is being placed cannot be extended because the user's quota of disk blocks on the file system containing the directory has been exhausted. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system to make the directory entry. [EROFS] The requested link requires writing in a directory on a read-only file system. [EFAULT] One of the pathnames specified is outside the process's allocated address space.
SEE ALSO
symlink(2), unlink(2)
STANDARDS
The link() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9945-1:1990 (``POSIX.1''). NetBSD 5.0.1 January 12, 1994 NetBSD 5.0.1
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